Category Archives: Drugs

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Alcohol dependence

Alcohol dependence: The effects of alcoholism on the body

Alcohol dependence

Alcohol dependence has very severe health consequences and it’s never too late to quit.

There is no doubt that alcohol dependence is a destination. It is a journey that starts harmlessly and ends harmfully. Those who’re dependent on alcohol have a higher risk of developing serious health problems including high blood pressure, stroke, coronary alcohol-related heart disease and alcohol-related liver disease. Speaking to doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center, it is evident that heavy alcohol drinking over time will rapture your life completely. So what effects are attached to alcohol dependence?

Alcohol dependence: It is a source of mental health problems

Conditions that are associated with mental health like anxiety, depression and suicidal feelings can all develop when you’re alcohol dependent. It is so because consistent, heavy drinking interferes with the neurotransmitters in the brains which are essential for good mental health. When this happens, so many other thinks suffers. Like for instance, relationships decay, productivity at workstations slows down and when this is prolonged, warnings will be given and eventually job termination leading to financial in capabilities. Besides that, when people go through these difficult moments, they are likely to feel depressed and anxious which are also health hazardous. Alcohol can also make its users more aggressive. Doctor Akoury adds that for those using alcohol whenever they are down to improve their moods, are on the highway of tasting the full wrath of alcohol dependence and will soon go in a vicious cycle.

AWAREmed health and wellness resource center is a facility for real-time addiction solution. Therefore, for those who think their mental health is suffering because alcohol drinking without a clue on how to stop, your much-needed solution is just a phone call away. You can call us (843) 2131480 or contact Dr. Dalal Akoury directly on Facebook, LinkedIn and ask for professional help. We will help you free yourself from the scourge of alcohol abuse and all its effects professionally.

Alcohol dependence: Alcohol withdrawal symptoms

If you’re dependent on alcohol, you can experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms when without notice you suddenly stop drinking. This can generate both physical and psychological symptoms like for instance:

Alcohol dependence: Physical alcohol withdrawal symptoms include

  • Nausea
  • Seizures (fits) in the most serious cases
  • Shaking hands or hand tremors
  • Sweating
  • Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not actually real)
Alcohol dependence: Psychological alcohol withdrawal symptoms include:
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Severely dependent drinkers usually experience very strong alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Sometimes people drink to avoid these symptoms, a pattern known as ‘relief drinking’. Healing from alcohol abuse symptoms takes the time that is to say between three months and a year to fully recover from the effects of alcohol withdrawal. Even then, the brain remains abnormally sensitive to alcohol. So if you start drinking again, your high tolerance to alcohol and withdrawal symptoms can come back within a few days. That’s why doctors usually recommend that you don’t start drinking again, even in moderation.

Alcohol dependence: The effects of alcoholism on the body

 

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Colon cancer treatment

Colon cancer treatment: Types of treatment

Colon cancer treatment

Colon cancer treatment will be effective when the right diagnosis to done timely

The type of colon cancer treatment that is likely to be recommended by your doctor will depend basically on the stage of your cancer. There are four stages of cancer (I, II, III, and IV). The three primary treatment options available for colon cancer treatment. And they include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. To understand each of these, we sought the expert opinion from the professionals at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD. With the professional input of doctor Dalal Akoury, we are going to discuss the surgery option in this article and chemotherapy and radiation in the subsequent articles. We, therefore, want to encourage you to keep glued to the link to be the first to know.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for early-stage colon cancer

When surgery is applied for colon cancer treatment, it can be done in two ways depending on the size of the tumor. Where the colon cancer is very small, the doctor may recommend a minimally invasive approach to surgery like:

Removing polyps during a colonoscopy. In cases of small cancer, localized and completely contained within a polyp in the very early stage, the doctor may be able to remove it entirely during a colonoscopy.

Endoscopic mucosal resection. Removing larger polyps may require also taking a small amount of the lining of the colon or rectum in a procedure called an endoscopic mucosal resection.

Minimally invasive surgery. Any polyps which can’t be removed during a colonoscopy can be removed using laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon performs an operation through several small incisions in the patient’s abdominal wall, inserting instruments with attached cameras that display the colon on a video monitor.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for invasive colon cancer

If cancer has grown the following may be recommended:

Partial colectomy. Under this procedure, the surgeon removes part of the colon that containing cancer together with a margin of normal tissue on either side of cancer. This procedure can be done using a minimally invasive approach (laparoscopy).

Surgery to help in the waste disposal from the body. Where reconnecting the healthy portions of the colon or rectum isn’t possible, an ostomy may become necessary to create a wall in the abdomen from a portion of the remaining bowel for the discharge of stool into a bag that fits securely over the opening. This can be temporary to allow the colon and rectum to heal after surgery, but in the extreme, it may be permanent.

Lymph node removal. Nearby lymph nodes are usually also removed during colon cancer surgery and tested for cancer.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for advanced cancer

Finally, where cancer has advanced and the patients are very poor, an operation may be recommended to relieve a blockage of the colon or other conditions primarily to improve on the symptoms. It is important to note that this isn’t meant to cure cancer, instead, it’s to relieve signs and symptoms, such as bleeding and pain. We appreciate the kind of pain that comes with such procedures. If you’re in this situation, you can speak to us on Facebook or just call us on (843) 2131480 and we will be glad to help you professionally.

Colon cancer treatment: Types of treatment

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Recurrent breast cancer

Recurrent breast cancer: The remnants of cancer cells

Recurrent breast cancer

Recurrent breast cancer and as the name suggest, is that type of breast cancer that reappears after the initial treatment

Recurrent breast cancer, and as the name suggest, is that type of breast cancer that reappears after the initial treatment. It is true that, the initial treatment is aimed at eliminating all cancer cells, nonetheless, a few may evade treatment and survived. These undetected cancer cells then multiplies which eventually becomes recurrent breast cancer. They may occur months or years after your initial treatment. The cancer may come back in the same place as the original cancer (local recurrence), or it may spread to other areas of your body (distant recurrence). It is not an easy experience to go through this especially after the treacherous dealings with the initial diagnosis. Speaking to doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center, when this happens, all is not lost. With good treatment, all the local, regional or distant recurrent breast cancer can be eliminated. But if complete treatment is not possible, the disease can be put in check for a longer period of time.

Signs and symptoms of recurrent breast cancer vary depending on where the cancer comes back. Like for instance:

Recurrent breast cancer: Local recurrence

Under this, the reappearance of cancer takes place in the same area where the original cancer was. For those who undergone lumpectomy, the cancer could recur in the remaining breast tissue. Yet for those who undergone mastectomy, the cancer could recur in the tissue that lines the chest wall or in the skin. Signs and symptoms of local recurrence within the same breast include:

  • A new lump in your breast or irregular area of firmness
  • Changes in the skin of the breast
  • Skin inflammation or area of redness
  • Nipple discharge

Signs and symptoms of local recurrence on the chest wall after a mastectomy include:

  • One or more painless nodules on or under the skin of your chest wall
  • A new area of thickening along or near the mastectomy scar

Recurrent breast cancer: Regional recurrence

This happens when the cancer reappears in the nearby lymph nodes. You could look for the following as signs and symptoms; a lump or swelling in the lymph nodes located:

  • Under the arm
  • Next to the collarbone
  • In the neck
  • In the groove above your collarbone

Recurrent breast cancer: Distant recurrence

This recurrence happens when the cancer has traveled or spread to distant parts of the body, most commonly the bones, liver and lungs. The possible signs and symptoms include:

  • Weight loss
  • Severe headaches
  • Seizures
  • Persistent cough
  • Persistent and worsening pain, such as chest or bone pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty breathing

Finally, with all these frustrations, when is the right time to see a doctor? Immediately after completing breast cancer treatment, there will be sessions of scheduled follow-up exams. It is during this time that your doctor checks for any signs of cancer recurrence. And on your part, you must be very observant and report any strange feelings however negligible.

Recurrent breast cancer: The remnants of cancer cells

 

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Pagets disease risks factors

Pagets disease risks factors: What makes you susceptible to breast cancer

Pagets disease risks factors

Pagets disease risks factors. The best thing one can do to be safe from any disease is to prevent it from happening

Pagets disease risks factors are closely associated with other factors that increase the development of any other type of breast cancer. Therefore, the following are some of the factors likely to cause an individual to develop Paget’s disease of the breast cancer:

  • Radiation exposure. If you received radiation treatments to your chest as a child or young adult to treat another cancer, you’re more likely to develop breast cancer later in life.
  • Race. White women are more likely to develop breast cancer than black or Hispanic women, but black women are more likely to die of the disease.
  • Past history of breast abnormalities. If you’ve had lobular carcinoma in situ or atypical hyperplasia, your risk of developing breast cancer is higher.
  • Overweight. Excess weight is unhealthy and increases your risk of breast cancer especially after menopause.
  • Hormone replacement. Taking estrogen after menopause increases the risk of breast cancer for some women.
  • Having a history of breast cancer. Those who had suffered breast cancer in one breast before, have an increased risk of developing cancer on the other breast.
  • Gene. If you have close family members like a mother, sister or daughter etc., with breast or ovarian cancer or both, you have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.
  • Dense breast tissue. Women with dense breast tissue, as seen on a mammogram, face a higher risk of breast cancer.
  • An inherited gene mutation that increases the risk of breast cancer. Defects in one of several genes, especially BRCA1 or BRCA2, put you at greater risk of developing breast cancer as well as ovarian and other cancers.
  • Alcohol. Drinking large amounts of alcohol increases your risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Age. As one advances in age, the chances of developing breast cancer increase.

Nevertheless, having any of these risk factors doesn’t necessarily make you develop breast cancer. There are so many women struggling with breast cancer, but have never experience any of the stated risks factors.

Pagets disease risks factors: Prevention

The best thing one can do to be safe from any disease is to prevent it from happening. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, it is more rewarding to prevent than to treat. Breast cancer may be prevented in many ways including:

  • Stop or use alcohol in moderation. If possible stop drinking but if you have to do it moderately like less than a bottle in a day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and diet. If your weight is healthy, work to maintain that weight and reduce it if overweight. Women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts may have a reduced risk of breast cancer.
  • Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy. Combination hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Exercise. Take time to exercise on most days of the week. Consult with your physician if you haven’t been active lately for guidance.
  • Breast self-exam and awareness. Women need to periodically inspect their breasts during a breast self-exam for breast awareness. If any changes like lumps or other unusual signs in your breasts is noticed, talk to your doctor on time. This is important in the prevention of breast cancer.
  • Asking questions about breast cancer screening. Ask specialist the right time to start breast cancer screening exams and tests like clinical breast exams and mammograms. Get to know the benefits and settle on which breast cancer screening strategies to use.

Pagets disease risks factors: What makes you susceptible to breast cancer

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Pagets disease of the breast

Pagets disease of the breast: Underlying ductal breast cancer

Pagets disease of the breast

Pagets disease of the breast. Paget’s (PAJ-its) disease of the breast is a rare form of breast cancer.

Paget’s (PAJ-its) disease of the breast is a rare form of breast cancer. Normally, Pagets disease of the breast starts on the nipple and extends to the dark circle of skin (areola) around the nipple. Even as we discus about this disease, it is important to understand that, there is no relationship between the Paget’s disease of the breast and the Paget’s disease of the bone, a metabolic bone disease. This disease is more common with aging women of age 50. Majority of the patients struggling with Paget’s disease of the breast have underlying ductal breast cancer, either in situ meaning in its original place or, less commonly, invasive breast cancer. Only in rare cases is Paget’s disease of the breast confined to the nipple itself.

Pagets disease of the breast: Symptoms

Paget’s disease of the breast is known to affects the nipple and the skin (areola) surrounding the nipple. Because of the similarities of the symptoms, it’s always easy to mistake the signs and symptoms of Paget’s disease of the breast for skin irritation (dermatitis) or another noncancerous (benign) skin condition. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of Paget’s disease of the breast:

  • Thickening skin on the breast
  • Straw-colored or bloody nipple discharge
  • Redness
  • Peeling or rough skin on the nipple
  • Itching
  • Crusty, discharge or hardened skin resembling eczema on the nipple, areola or both
  • A stinging or burning sensation
  • A lump in the breast
  • A flattened or turned-in (inverted) nipple

The signs and symptoms are usually characterized with just a single breast. As already mention, the disease begins from the nipple and may spread to the areola and other areas of the breast. The skin changes may come and go early on, or respond to topical treatment, making it appear as if your skin is healing. On average, women experience signs and symptoms for several months before getting a diagnosis. Everyone has a duty of being observant about the changes that takes place in the body. in the event that you notice some irritating changes on your breast, like for instance if you experience itching or skin irritation that persists for more than a month, it could be a communication of the formation of this disease. At that very moment, you must act immediately by scheduling an appointment with your doctor.

But for those patient already on treatment for a skin injury on the breast, if the condition doesn’t improves over time, you will need to make a follow-up appointment with your doctor for further professional direction. And depending on the doctor’s examination, a biopsy which is a procedure where a small tissue sample for a microscopic analysis to evaluate the affected area may be recommended.

Pagets disease of the breast: Causes

Finally, the causes of this disease is not very clear scientifically. Nonetheless, the most widely accepted theory is that the disease results from an underlying ductal breast cancer. The cancer cells starts from the original tumor then spread through milk ducts to the nipple and the surrounding skin. And besides that theory is that the disease can develop independently in the nipple.

Pagets disease of the breast: Underlying ductal breast cancer

 

 

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