Category Archives: Integrative Cancer Treatment

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ: The earliest form of breast cancer

Ductal carcinoma

Ductal carcinoma in situ is the presence of abnormal cells inside a milk duct in the breast.

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the presence of abnormal cells inside a milk duct in the breast. It is believed to be the earliest form of breast cancer in history of the disease. DCIS is noninvasive, meaning it hasn’t spread out of the milk duct to invade other parts of the breast. Doctor Akoury MD and President of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center explains that, this problem becomes evident during a mammogram done as part of breast cancer screening in women. Today the much awareness of the need to have screening done regularly, the rate at which DCIS is diagnosed has increased dramatically in recent years. DCIS is not life-threatening and therefore, treatment has been very effective using breast conserving surgery and radiation.

Ductal carcinoma in situ: Symptoms

In most cases, you will not see any sign or symptoms with DCIS nevertheless, it can sometimes cause signs and symptoms like a breast lump or bloody nipple discharge. And though signs may not be there, regular cancer screening is still very important. You can visit your doctor from time to time or when you notice any change in your breasts like a lump, an area of puckered or otherwise unusual skin, a thickened region under the skin, or nipple discharge.

Ductal carcinoma in situ: Causes and risk factors

It’s not clear what causes DCIS, but normally it forms when genetic mutations occur in the DNA of breast duct cells. This causes the cells to appear abnormal, though not able to break out of the breast duct. Factors that may increase DCIS risk may include:

  • Using a combination of estrogen-progestin hormone replacement therapy for more than three to five years after menopause
  • Personal history of benign breast disease, such as atypical hyperplasia
  • Obesity
  • Old age
  • Genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer, such as in the breast cancer genes BRCA1 and BRCA2
  • First pregnancy after age 30
  • Family history of breast cancer

Diagnosis

Breast imaging – DCIS is most often discovered during a mammogram used to screen for breast cancer. If suspicious areas such as bright white specks (microcalcifications) that are in a cluster and have irregular shapes or sizes are identified on your mammogram, your radiologist likely will recommend additional breast imaging.
Removing breast tissue samples for testing
To do this, you may undergo one or more types of breast biopsy procedures like:
Core needle biopsy
– A radiologist or surgeon uses a hollow needle to remove tissue samples from the suspicious area, sometimes guided by ultrasound. The tissue samples are sent to a lab for analysis.

Stereotactic biopsy – This type of biopsy also involves removing tissue samples with a hollow needle, but with the help of stereo images, mammogram images of the same area obtained from different angles to find the area of concern.

Surgical biopsy (wide local excision or lumpectomy) – If results from a core needle biopsy or stereotactic biopsy show areas of DCIS, you’ll likely be referred to a surgeon to discuss your options for surgically removing a wider area of breast tissue for analysis.

A pathologist will analyze the breast tissue from your biopsy to determine whether abnormal cells are present and how aggressive those abnormal cells appear. If your mammogram showed microcalcifications, the pathologist will examine the biopsy sample for those abnormalities and give an opinion.

Ductal carcinoma in situ: The earliest form of breast cancer

 

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embryonic stem cell

Ovarian cancer complications

Ovarian cancer complications: The abnormal grow of cells

Ovarian cancer complications

Ovarian cancer complications when it happens, the patient will need a lot of support from loved ones

Ovarian cancer complications occurs in women because they are the carries of the ovaries. This type of cancer comes about depending on the location, type and stage of the disease. When the malignant (cancerous) cells are found inside, near, or on the outer layer of the ovaries the individual will suffer such complications. As we progress, it is important that we define what an ovary is. Doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center explains that ovary is any of two small, almond-shaped body organs situated on each side of the uterus. Their primary function is the storage of eggs, germ cells, and also produces female hormones estrogen and progesterone. When there is the presence of abnormal growth of cells in this organ, the patient can be diagnosed with an ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer complications: Cancer basics

Basically and as already mention, cancer develops when abnormal cells in any part of the body which in our case, is in the ovary, begins to grow and multiply uncontrollably. This abnormal cell growth is common among all cancer types and needs to be monitored closely from time to time to help in early detection of any formation of cancer. And because the body is majorly formed of cells, these cells often separates or divide themselves to form new cells for various reasons including the replacement of old and worn out dying cells and also to repair any injuries. This unique nature of continuous growth and division, they are very distinct from other cells. That is to say, instead of dying out, they tend to outlive the normal cells and progressively create new abnormal cells which eventually forms tumor. When this happens, a lot of pressure is exerted on the organs closer to the ovaries causing further complications.

In many cases doctor Akoury explains, cancer cells move to other parts of the body, multiplying rapidly to replace normal tissue through a process known as metastasis. This occurs as the cancer cells move into the bloodstream or lymph system of the body. However, even with that understanding, it is important to note that cancer cells that spread from other body organ like the breast or colon to the ovary are not necessarily ovarian cancer. All kinds of cancers are determined by their place of original site of the malignancy.

Studies have established that women falling in the ages 35-74, are fifth leading in ovarian cancer related deaths. And studies has also established that for every 75 women, one will develop ovarian cancer during her lifetime. Interestingly, the American Cancer Society has estimated that there will be over 22,280 new cases of ovarian cancer diagnosed this year alone and more than 14,240 women will die from ovarian cancer this year. This is not meant to scare you, but to help you be on high alert because early detection of ovarian cancer and all other types of cancer, the treatment assurance is over 90%. Nonetheless, because of ovarian cancer’s non-specific symptoms and lack of early detection tests, about 20 percent of all cases are found early in stage I or II. But if detected in stage III or higher, the survival rate can be as low as 28%. Due to the nature of the disease, each woman diagnosed with ovarian cancer has a different profile and it is impossible to provide a general prognosis. You can always call us at AWAREmed health center for more clarification about these complicated health matters.

Ovarian cancer complications: The abnormal grow of cells

 

 

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Colon cancer diagnosis

Changing cancer treatment

Changing cancer treatment: When your chemotherapy changes

Changing cancer treatment

Changing cancer treatment is a professional decision that needs consultation with the brain cancer patient

When treating any disease, the ultimate goal is total healing. When this is not forth coming, there may be need to change the treatment procedure. Therefore when changing cancer treatment becomes necessary. The doctor can advise professionally. Therefore, for cancer treatment, it’s important to have a clear plan before your chemo begins. In all this, it’s important you understand why such changes are being made. The following are some reasons for consideration on how such changes can affect your health.

When your first treatment isn’t working

When opting for chemotherapy, the goal to treat and cure your cancer or stop it from spreading. However when this is not being realized, and tests establishes that, your doctor might recommend a different treatment.

Negative reactions to treatment

Some of the side effects of chemo can be to the extreme like vomiting, hair loss, and fatigue. When such becomes unbearable, but this treatment appears to be the best despite the side effects, your doctor may strongly recommend you stick with it, even if it’s hard on you because the ultimate goal is to cure the disease. However, when chemo causes low levels of blood cells, this is dangerous as it can lead to infections. Under such condition, you could have your sessions reschedule with longer spacing or change the treatment altogether.

When cancer spreads or worsen

At times you could be receiving treatment (chemotherapy), but the condition is worsening and cancer is spreading to advance stages, this is dangerous and your doctor may switch to another treatment to stop further spreading.

Cost implications 

Cost is a serious factor for consideration. Not all insurance will have a flat rate payment, yet some oral drugs are very expensive. When you can’t settle such medical bills, this could be a reason for you to switch to a less expensive treatment.

Your doctor planned the switch ahead of time

Sometimes your plan includes two different chemo drugs, one after the other. Your doctor will tell you about this early on so you’ll know when to expect it.

Changing cancer treatment: Effects of changing treatment

Finally, brain cancer or any other cancer treatment will have side effects. These side effects may differ with individual patients. When one is to the extreme to you, you may want to change to the next after consulting with your doctor on its suitability to you in relation to the current treatment. Like for instance, nausea and vomiting are more common with some drugs than others. If you’re switching to a drug that’s known for this, you might get more medications to keep you from feeling sick. The change effects should make you feel more comfortable in terms of a boost in energy levels, pain reduction, appetite and general health. This article is not a finality of what will happen. You will still need to share your experience with your doctor and if you’re around, you can schedule an appointment with AWAREmed health and wellness resource center for a more detailed and conclusive professional advice.

Changing cancer treatment: When your chemotherapy changes

 

 

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Brain cancer types

Brain cancer types: Getting the basics about brain cancer

Brain cancer types

Brain cancer types are many but with proper diagnosis, healing is possible

Ignorant is said to be the biggest disease. And when it comes to brain cancer types, you can’t afford to be ignorant. Therefore when you are diagnosed with brain cancer, you may panic at the receipt of the result but you must not let this bring you down. This should open a new page of learning more about the disease. This will help you make the right decision on the next treatment action. As AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury, our doors are open for you at any time and we are only a phone call away. You can make a point of calling us today and we will handle your concerns professionally. In the meantime, this article is going to help you learn some basics concerning the best treatment for you.

Brain cancer types: From where does brain cancers begins to spread?

Previously, we had mentioned that brain tumor is a mass of an abnormal cells in the brain which come in two distinct categories i.e.:

Primary brain tumors that start in brain tissue and pitches tent there.

Secondary brain tumors these can originate from anywhere in the body and ultimately destined into the brain. Like for instance, lung, colon, breast, kidney and skin cancers are examples of cancers that can spread to the brain. Some brain tumors have cancer and others don’t:

Benign brain tumors don’t have cancer cells and often grow slowly. They can be removed, and rarely spread to the brain tissue around them. They can cause problems if they press on certain areas of the brain, though. Depending on where they are located in the brain, they can be life-threatening.

Malignant brain tumors have cancer cells. The rates of growth vary, but cells can invade healthy brain tissue nearby. Malignant tumors rarely spread beyond the brain or spinal cord.

Brain cancer types: Grades of Brain Tumors

Tumors are graded by how normal or abnormal the cells look. Your doctor will use this measurement to help plan your treatment. The grading also gives you an idea of how fast the tumor may grow and spread.

Grade 1. Here long term survival is the word because cell are normal and growth is sluggish.

Grade 2. The cells looks a bit abnormal with low pace growth. The tumor may spread to nearby tissue and can recur later, maybe at a more life-threatening grade.

Grade 3. The cells look abnormal but actively growing into nearby brain tissue.

Grade 4. The cells look most abnormal and grow and spread quickly.

Types of Brain Tumors

In adults, the most common types of brain cancer are:

Astrocytomas. These usually arise in the cerebrum (largest part of the brain) and can fit in any grade. They often cause seizures.

Meningioma’s. These are the most common primary brain tumors in adults. They are associated with old age. They arise in the meninges, the lining of the brain. They can be grade 1, 2, or 3. They are usually benign and grow slowly.

Oligodendrogliomas. These arise in the cells that make the covering that protects nerves. They are usually grade 1, 2, or 3. They develops slowly and hardly spread to nearby tissue.

Brain cancer types: Leaning the basics about brain cancer

 

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Neurotransmitters effects

Identifying excess fat location

Identifying excess fat

Identifying excess fat location in the body for easy remedial action

Identifying excess fat location: Strategy of burning excess body fats

For effective burning of body fats, it is important that you first concentrate on identifying excess fat location in your body. When that is addressed, strategic burning of excess fat begins. Start by researching to find out from those who have been in such situations before. Learn from what they did in their situations. Some people go to the gym while others deny themselves food or engage in dieting, which apparently, isn’t an effective long-term method. Others also change their lifestyle, which also works for them. What strategies do you want to use?

Identifying excess fat location: Physical activities and change of lifestyle

Research has established that a better approach involves using a combined effort of physical activities and total change of lifestyle. When you change your lifestyle, especially the kinds of food you eat, you will take less of sugar or fewer calories. You’ll also be eating small portions of food spread across the day and during meal times. And remember that change of diet also involves eating more of healthy foods and less of the unhealthy ones.

Having identified the troubling areas, doctor Akoury makes the following suggestions which involve engaging in a well-coordinated physical activity and feeding only on healthy foods. It is important that you look for a professional physical trainer to help you with the type of physical exercises you can do so as to engage in more appropriate exercises. There is no business in doing exercises which add more weight on your arms when you actually should be lessening weight.

You also need to see a nutritionist to advise you on the types of food to eat and those you should avoid going forward. They will tell you when to eat and most importantly, the quantity to take. Too much of something, as they say, is dangerous. When you eat too much of the right kind of food though, excess energy which is not even required will be added to your body. This will then result to a weight problem, hence the importance of the nutritionist to advise you on the quantity of food to take.

Once you have a program from the physical trainer and a nutritionist, you then go ahead to see your doctor for his professional advice on your general health. At this pointDoctorr, Akoury will tell you to avoid things which can put your life at risk you can consult with her for further assessment and from the evaluations and assessment she will be able to advise whether or not your body can manage such change of lifestyle and physical activities. The outcome of the assessment determines the approval or amendment of any of the plans your physical trainer and the nutritionist may have given before.

Upon confirmation of the strategy by the doctor, then and only then can you proceed to the next step of developing your work plan. We will get into the development of the work plan in our next article and it will be very interesting. In the meantime, you can reach out for expert’s consultations with the able professionals from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center for a more in-depth understanding of any concerns you may be having.

Identifying excess fat location:  Strategy of burning excess body fats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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