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Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests

Renal cancer diagnosis

Renal cancer diagnosis. With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side

With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side, unexplained weight loss, or extreme fatigue. Or during your routine medical checks your doctor may have found a lump in your side or seen a sign of kidney cancer during a test for another disease. Those are good indicators, but regardless of all, doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center reiterates that, to ascertain the true renal cancer diagnosis, going through a thorough physical exam, health history, and tests will be essential.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Possible kidney cancer disease tests

During your routine checks, your doctor will feel your abdomen and side for lumps and check for fever and high blood pressure, among other things. He/she will also ask questions about your health habits, any past illnesses, and types of treatment if any. But for the assurance, your doctor will make a diagnosis of kidney cancer depending on one or more tests like these:

A CT scan that uses X-rays and a computer to create a series of detailed pictures of your kidneys which may require the use of an injection of dye. CT scans have virtually replaced pyelogram and ultrasound as a tool for diagnosing kidney cancer.

Blood tests to show how well your kidneys are working.

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) involves X-raying your kidneys after the doctor injects a dye that travels to your urinary tract, highlighting any tumors.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of soft tissues in your body. You may need an injection of a contrast agent to create better pictures.

Renal arteriogram. This test is used to evaluate the blood supply to the tumor. It is not given often, but may help diagnose small tumors.

Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of your kidneys. It can help tell if a tumor is solid or fluid-filled.

Urine tests check for blood in your urine or other signs of problems.

Unlike with many other cancers, your doctor may be pretty certain about a diagnosis of kidney cancer without a biopsy. Sometimes, a biopsy will be done to confirm the diagnosis. A doctor may use a needle biopsy to remove a sample of tissue, which is then examined under a microscope for cancer cells. The biopsy may also tell the grade of the cancer how aggressive the cancer is likely to be. Often the surgeon will simply remove the entire tumor and then have a sample of tissue examined.

Finally, once your doctor makes a diagnosis of kidney cancer, you may need other tests to tell if the cancer has spread within your kidney, to the other kidney, or to other parts of your body. When cancer spreads from the place where it first started, it has metastasized. You might need a CT scan or MRI. A chest X-ray can show whether the cancer has spread to your lungs. A bone scan can see if it is in your bones. All these tests are done to help determine the stage of kidney cancer.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests

 

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