Male breast cancer risks: Early detection of benefits
Male breast cancer risks are not new. Several factors that increase the risk of male breast cancer can be adduced to several things, events and elements. According to the expert opinion from AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, we can associate male breast cancer risks to:
- Testicle disease or surgery – Having inflamed testicles (orchitis) or surgery to remove a testicle (orchiectomy) can increase the risk of male breast cancer.
- Radiation exposure – If you’ve received radiation treatments to your chest like those used in treating cancers of the chest, you’re more likely to develop breast cancer later in life.
- Overweight and obesity – Fat cells convert androgens into estrogen. A higher number of fat cells in your body may result in increased estrogen and higher risk of breast cancer.
- Old age – the risk increases as one approaches his sunset days. This may occur between the ages 68 and 71 in most cases.
- Liver disease – Conditions like cirrhosis of the liver can reduce male hormones and increase female hormones thereby increasing the risk of breast cancer.
- Klinefelter’s syndrome – this is a rare genetic syndrome that happens when a male child is born with more than one copy of the X chromosome. It causes abnormal development of the testicles. Men with this syndrome produce lower levels of male hormones like androgens but produces more of female hormones (estrogens).
- Family history of breast cancer – those who come from a background where close family members had suffered the same also has a greater chance of developing the disease.
- Coming into contact with estrogen – taking estrogen-related drugs used for hormone therapy for prostate cancer will increase your risk of breast cancer.
Male breast cancer risks: Diagnosis
Before the commencement of treatment, a number of diagnostic tests may be conducted by your doctor to establish the exact problem. Such tests may include:
- Clinical breast exam. Under this, the doctor uses his/her fingertips to examine the breasts and the surrounding areas for lumps or any other changes. The interest is to establish how large the lumps are, how they feel, and how close they are to your skin and muscles.
- Imaging tests. Mammogram and ultrasound can detect suspicious masses in the breast tissue.
- Biopsy. A fine needle is inserted into the breast to remove tissue for analysis in the laboratory. Test results can reveal whether you have breast cancer and if so, the type of breast cancer you have.
Male breast cancer risks: Establishing the stage of the cancer
Determining the stage of cancer helps your doctor evaluate treatment options. Biopsy, blood tests and imaging tests can be used to stage male breast cancer. And like with other types of cancers, the stages of male breast cancer ranges from I to IV where stage I the cancer tumor is smaller and in IV the cancer has spread immensely to other parts of the body organs. This spreading is not good news and it makes treatment at stage IV difficult. It is therefore necessary that early diagnosis is prioritized for effective treatment. For all your concerns AWAREmed health center doors are open for you. Schedule an appointment with us today and we will help you professionally.