How-Drug-Addiction-Affects-Serotonin-And-Dopamine
Resilient stimulant

Resilient stimulant and central nervous system

Resilient stimulant and central nervous system: Crack cocaine

Without missing the words, cocaine is a strong and resilient stimulant that raises the levels of dopamine. Doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President, and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center explains that this is a brain chemical which is associated with pleasure and movement, in the brain’s reward circuit. And since dopamine facilitates communication in some brain cell commonly known as neurons, which are released by neurons to respond to signals like the smell or taste of good food and then it is recycled back into the cell that releases it which in return will shut off the signal between neurons.

Cocaine prevents dopamine from being recycled, causing excessive amounts of dopamine to build up, amplifying the message, and ultimately disrupting normal communication. It is this excess of dopamine that is responsible for cocaine’s euphoric effects. With repeated use, cocaine can cause long-term changes in the brain’s reward system and in other brain systems as well, which may eventually lead to addiction.

Resilient stimulant and central nervous system: Health consequences

The negative effects of cocaine on human health cannot be disputed. From experience, doctor Akoury explains that among many other consequences, the following are outstanding:

  • Blood pressure
  • Cocaine compresses blood vessels
  • Dilates eye pupils
  • Heart rate
  • Increased body temperature

As a central nervous system stimulant, it can also cause headaches and gastrointestinal complications like abdominal pain and nausea. And because cocaine tends to decrease appetite, chronic users can become malnourished too.

Resilient stimulant and central nervous system: Effects concerning mode of administration

Even though the dangers remain the same, the modes of administering cocaine like smoking, snorting, and injection can produce different adverse effects including:

  • Regularly snorting cocaine, can lead to loss of the sense of smell, nose bleeding, problems with swallowing, hoarseness and a chronically runny nose.
  • Ingesting cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene as a result of reduced blood flow.
  • Injecting cocaine can bring about severe allergic reactions and increased risk of contracting HIV and other blood-borne diseases.
  • Binge patterns of use may lead to irritability, restlessness, anxiety, and paranoia.
  • Cocaine abusers can suffer a temporary state of full-blown paranoid psychosis, in which they lose touch with reality and experience auditory hallucinations.

Finally, it may not matter how it is administered or the frequency use, users will still experience acute cardiovascular or cerebrovascular emergencies, like heart attack, stroke, which can cause sudden death. Most cocaine-related deaths are as result of cardiac arrest or seizure followed by respiratory arrest. All these can be brought to manageable levels if we all pool together and begin doing the right things. You may not know conclusively what to do and that is why doctor Akoury founded this health facility to help you stay healthy. You can schedule an appointment with doctor Akoury and together with her team of experts, they will professionally offer lasting solution to your individual conditions.

Resilient stimulant and central nervous system: Crack cocaine

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