Stem cells deserve the name master cells due to their ability to do what other cells in the human body can’t do that includes creating tissues as well as the organs. They help enhance immune system as well as the functionality of the blood. They are involved in ensuring that your body functions properly simply by regenerating themselves so that your body doesn’t run out of these vital components. Stem cells can be obtained from the umbilical cord, peripheral blood and lastly, bone marrow.
Several studies have shown that the cells derived from the umbilical cord are more effective than those found in both the peripheral blood as well as the human bone marrow simply because they are newer and younger. This is the main reason the proponent of this procedure prefers the young stem cells from the embryo. It is also easier to obtain the cells from the umbilical cord simply because they can be derived directly from the placenta as the woman gives birth. On the other hand, trying to obtain the cells from the bone marrow can be painful due to the surgical procedures involved.
Obtaining the stem cells from the umbilical cord has come with various benefits that include,
- The best remedy for several diseases that include, heart problems, diabetes and much more.
- The best cure for several illnesses that include fatal diseases such as anaemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and more.
- Help relieve several complications that include Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
The stem cells can be stored in the patients and later obtained to save the donor or any other family member with a problem. For example, using the bone marrow requires that the tissue of both the recipient and the donor match for success. However, when for the ones that come from the umbilical cord, studies have shown that it might work despite the differences.
There are particular complications such as GVHD where the donor stem cells may sometimes attack and destroy the tissues of the recipient. This is unlikely to happen when cord blood is used. Studies show that the young patients that receive the umbilical cord blood transplant from a matched donor were 59% less likely to experience GVHD, which was quite promising compared to when bone marrow was used.
It is also rare to find the Umbilical cord that contains infectious substances such as viruses that can risk the transplant. Studies have proven that cord blood can produce more new blood cells compared to the bone marrow. As a result, smaller amounts of cord blood cells may work successfully for any transplantation.
As medical science advances, it has been realised that the cord blood may work for medicine’s regenerative processes. Expectant mothers can store the cord blood in a bank so as to make the stem cells readily available for treatments as well as future therapies that involved repair and regeneration of tissues. The cord blood might also save a situation where a child is born with several complications that might include, heart defects and much more. There are still more hopes for this kind of treatments and scientist are working so hard to figure out the potential in it.
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