Dental pulp can simply be defined as the soft living tissue that exists inside your tooth. These soft tissues contain stem cells that are known as DPSCs. Just like any other stem cells, DPSCs have the ability to become any cell in human body.
Among the best functional Dental Pulp Stem Cells can be obtained from the baby’s milk teeth either on the lower or the upper incisors and canines. Studies have shown that this kind of stem cells can also be found in the wisdom tooth of a young adult.
Dental Pulp Stem Cells can be likened to mesenchymal cells known to be quite beneficial in various treatments. These cells can differentiate to form different types of cells in the body that includes, osteoblasts, adipocytes as well as chondrocytes.
Potential Uses of Dental Pulp Stem Cells
Dental Pulp Stem cells are among the vital requirements in regenerative stem cell therapies of several degenerative related complications. They offer a variety of potential therapeutic applications that include.
- Myocytes: Muscle tissue repair
- Neuronal: Brain and nerve tissue regeneration
- Adipocytes: Fat tissue generation
- Chondrocytes: They can generate and regenerate cartilage vital for joint injuries and arthritis treatments.
- Osteocytes: Generation of Bones
In summary, dental pulp stem cells have the ability to generate some structures in the body that include bone, cartilage, dental tissue and more.
Understanding Dental Pulp stems cell harvesting
Stem cell harvesting is simply a procedure that involves the collection, storage as well as the preservation of Dental Pulp Stem cells. To maintain their nature, DPSCs have to be frozen and kept inside a stem cell bank. This requires the use of cryopreservation technology that maintains the stem cell’s variability. Here is the procedure.
Stem Cell Harvesting Steps
- Collecting of the cells: Here a dentist will extract the tooth from the donor and store it in a kit. The dentist will then send to the facility to be processed.
- Separating the stem cells from the dental pulp: Here the stem cells will be obtained from the dental pulp by crushing the tooth to access the cells. The cells will then be checked for sterility as well as quality.
- Preservation of the stem cells: If the stem cells make it past the viability test they will be preserved cryogenically. The cells will be frozen at a temperature of -238 F.
Advantages of Dental Pulp Stem Cell Banking
- Dental Pulp Stem Cells banking period is wide. It will work best for kids aged between 5 to 12 years as well as the seniors whose wisdom tooth is to be extracted.
- The collection from the dental pulp is easy, quick, effective and painless and the best part has no risks.
- Dental Pulp Stem cells have no controversies surrounding their use unlike what we see with the embryonic stem cells.
- They have also proven to be interactive with biomaterials putting them among the best choices for tissue repair.
The bottom line
Currently, several debates are revolving around the procedure behind stem cell application. There are ethical issues that give the proponents a hard time explaining why the world needs it. Using Dental Pulp Stem cells, on the other hand, is simple, safe and the best part, free of ethical issues.