Stem cells have become a center of focus in the world of medicine today. Their ability to reproduce has led to several debates to whether they are safe for treatments or not. Apparently, stem cells are the predecessors of all body cells that can be obtained from the adults’ bone marrow, spleen, and other organs.
This is one way your body maintains a proper balance between cells so as to regenerate new cells when the old cells die. For instance, a red blood cell has approximately four months to live. The bone marrow produces new cells that will replace the old red blood cells when they die.
Stem cells for heart failure
Heart failure is one of the fatal complications affecting humans today. Even with all the hard work doctors and researchers do, patients often end up dead due to organ damage. Researchers have been working so hard to find a way to stop heart failure from taking more lives and stem cell has proven to be a potential solution.
There are some stem cells. Currently, scientists are more into embryonic as well as adult stem cells. The source of embryonic stem cells is blastocyst which is a 5-year old human embryo. These cells always breed to form human body as well as fetuses internal organs.
One of the reasons embryonic stem cells are more valued is the fact that they are not limited to a specific cell type. They can reproduce to become any cell in the human body. One of the drawbacks of obtaining this type of cell is that an embryo must be destroyed first which to many is unethical.
Stem cells can also work for several transplants. One unfortunate fact is that it is never easy to obtain an organ needed for transplant. More often physicians have to wait for several years to find a healthy organ. Stem cells are grown in a laboratory and if they are activated to differentiate they will become any cell in human body.
The overall result is a tissue that will easily adapt to any environment. According to scientists working on the project, if stem cells are placed in a proper environment, they can grow to form a heart tissue that can be transplanted to a patient who has symptoms of heart failure. Doing this will enable his or her heart to work properly reducing increasing his or her chances of survival.
There are some research publications based on the application of stem cells to symptoms related to heart failure. Congestive heart failure often results from failure of the heart cells to function properly. This, in turn, affects the way the human heart pumps blood.
There are some treatments that have worked for several patients that include the transfer or mechanical aids. Unfortunately, it is never a guarantee that a patient would survive. Stem cell therapy is quite hopeful as it aims to tackle heart failure before it destroys life, but its application is yet to be fully accepted.