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Chemotherapy drugs available: The magic of chemotherapy

Chemotherapy drugs

Chemotherapy drugs available.The market is flooded with different types of chemotherapy drugs that can prescribe to patients by oncologists

The market is flooded with different types of chemotherapy drugs that can prescribe to patients by oncologists. These drugs are life savers and are categorized into groups depending on their contents and how they work. The good news is that each category of drugs kills or shrinks cancer cells in a different way. Doctor Dalal Akoury President of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center shares with us some of the functions of these drugs.

The group known as alkylating agents, can damage the DNA of cancer cells to keep them from multiplying. They’re responsible for treating different types of cancer including leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease, multiple myeloma, and sarcoma, as well as breast, lung, and ovarian cancers. Some of alkylating agents include: cyclophosphamide, melphalan, and temozolomide. One of the side effects they have is that they can destroy the bone marrow which can cause leukemia. This risk can be lowered by taking the drugs in smaller doses.

Antimetabolites: this chemo drug affects the normal metabolism of cells by lowering their rate of multiplication. Oncologist often prescribes them to treat leukemia and cancer in the breasts, ovaries, and intestines. Drugs in this group include 5-fluorouracil, 6-mercaptopurine, cytarabine, gemcitabine, and methotrexate, among many others.

Anthracycline chemotherapy attacks the enzymes inside cancer cells’ DNA that help them divide and grow. They work for many types of cancer. Some of these drugs are actinomycin-D, bleomycin, daunorubicin, and doxorubicin, among others. Remember that high doses of anti-tumor antibiotics can damage your heart or lungs.

Mitotic inhibitors hinders the growth of cancer cells by stopping the production of proteins necessary for cancer cells grow. They’re often prescribed for treating breast and lung cancers and types of myeloma, leukemia, and lymphoma. Examples include docetaxel, estramustine, paclitaxel, and vinblastine.

Topoisomerase inhibitors attacks enzymes that help cancer cells divide and grow. They treat some types of leukemia and cancer of the lung, ovaries, and intestines, among other types. Examples includes etoposide, irinotecan, teniposide, and topotecan.

Steroids are drugs that act like body hormones and are useful in treating many types of cancer. They can prevent nausea and vomiting after a series of chemo. They can also prevent allergic reactions to some of the drugs. Some of the steroids your doctor might prescribe are prednisone, methylprednisolone, and dexamethasone.

Chemotherapy drugs available: Other cancer drugs

Chemotherapy is a common cancer treatment, but today, doctors often prescribe other kinds of cancer medicines, such as targeted therapies, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy. Unlike chemo, these medicine are destroys only cancer cells leaving only healthy cells. They have none or very negligible side effects.

Chemotherapy drugs available: How can you tell if it’s working?

Finally, all these medications will only be relevant if they work effectively. Doctor Akoury reiterates that your oncologist will make observation on how your body is responding to these medication during and after treatment. During this period, your specialist will establish whether your tumor is shrinking or growing by carrying out tests like blood tests, X-rays or physical exams. In the event that these doesn’t work, a different approach like changing the dose or administering a mixture of treatment can be necessary. These are not across the counter drugs. If you have any concerns, you can call AWAREmed health center now for a further professional advice.

Chemotherapy drugs available: The magic of chemotherapy

 

 

 

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