Category Archives: Breast augmentation and the beauty revolution

smoking 1

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC is very essential for proper and lasting treatment solution

Most lung cancer patients are struggling with NSCLC. Although it’s serious problem the world over, treatment can reduce its effects from worsening. There are several things patients can do to feel more comfortable. People who smoke or who breathe a lot of smoke are most likely to get NSCLC. And to diagnose this, the doctor will ask the patient questions like:

  • When did you first notice problems?
  • How have you been feeling?
  • Has anyone in your family had lung cancer before?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or worse?
  • Are you smoking or you were but quitted?
  • Are you coughing or wheezing?

Besides the questioning, the doctor may want to run some tests and a physical exam. Such tests may include:

Diagnosing NSCLC

: Imaging tests

Imaging tests is essential in finding the tumors inside lungs. They can also show whether the cancer has spread.

  • X-rays use low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, shows blood flow, organs, and structures.
  • Ultrasound creates a picture by bouncing sound waves off tissues inside you.
  • PET scans use a radioactive compound or tracer that collects where your cells are very active.
  • CT scans are powerful X-rays that make detailed pictures of the tissue and the blood vessels in the lung.

Sputum cytology is a lab test that checks the mucus you cough up for cancer cells.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Fine-needle aspiration

A fine needle aspiration biopsy takes cells from an abnormal growth or the fluid in your lungs. Where the doctor wants to examine inside your lungs and chest this is helpful using a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny camera. He may also take samples of tissue, including from nearby lymph nodes, to check for cancer cells. This can be done in different ways like:

  • Bronchoscopy goes through your nose or mouth and into your lungs.
  • Endobronchial ultrasound uses bronchoscopy with an ultrasound placed at the tip of the tube to look at lymph nodes and other structures.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is like the endobronchial ultrasound, but your doctor puts the endoscope down your throat into the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopy uses a few small cuts along your side to look at the outside of your lung and the tissue around it.
  • Mediastinoscopy makes a small cut just above your breastbone, in the space between your lungs.

Based on what your doctor finds, he’ll assign a stage, describing where the cancer is. That will help your medical team figure out the best treatment for you. You’ll want to know what each stage means:

  • Occult stage: “Occult” means “hidden.” Cancer cells are in lung fluid or sputum, but the doctor can’t find where the cancer is in your lungs.
  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are in the lining of your airways.
  • Stage I: A small tumor is in only one lung. The cancer hasn’t spread to lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: A larger tumor is in one lung, or the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer in one lung has spread to farther lymph nodes or into nearby structures.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid around the lungs, or to other parts of the body, such as the brain and liver.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

 

Facebooktwitterpinterestlinkedin
plastic surgery for overweight african american

Recurrent breast tumor

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: The remnants of cancer cells

Recurrent breast tumor

Recurrent breast tumor. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor which is a collection of cancer cells arising from the cells of the breast.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis is essential in addressing the underlying problem. Therefore from the mammogram, physical exam or just by way of signs and symptoms and investigations findings, if the doctor suspects that you may having some traces of recurrent breast he or she may recommend further additional tests to confirm the diagnosis. Some of the tests and procedures may include:

Imaging tests. The kind of imaging test the patient will undergo will depend on the individual situation. Nonetheless, the Imaging tests may include a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scan, X-ray, bone scan or positron emission tomography (PET) scan. It must however be noted that not every patient needs every test. The doctor will determine which tests are most helpful in your particular situation.

Removing a sample of tissue for lab testing (biopsy). The doctor may recommend a biopsy procedure to collect suspicious cells for testing. Working in a laboratory, a pathologist examines the cells and determines the types of cells involved. A pathologist will then determine if the cancer is a recurrence of cancer or a new type of cancer. Tests also show whether the cancer is sensitive to hormone treatment or targeted therapy.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: Treatment

Every patient has their unique treatment plan and this will depend on a number of factors. Like for instance, the extent of the disease, its hormone receptor status, the type of treatment you received for your first breast cancer and your overall health. Besides these, the doctor will also considers the patients goals and preferences for treatment.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: Treating a local recurrence

Treatment for a local recurrence typically starts with an operation and may include radiation if the patient haven’t had it before. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy may also be recommended as well.

Surgery. When the recurrent breast cancer is confined to the breast, treatment will involves removing any remaining breast tissue. However, if the first cancer was treated with lumpectomy, the doctor may recommend a mastectomy to remove the remaining breast tissue like lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, skin and nipple.

If your first breast cancer was treated with mastectomy and the cancer comes back in the chest wall, you may have surgery to remove the new cancer along with a margin of normal tissue. A local recurrence may be accompanied by hidden cancer in nearby lymph nodes. Therefore, the surgeon may remove some or all of the nearby lymph nodes if they weren’t removed during your initial treatment.

Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. If you didn’t have radiation therapy for your first breast cancer, your doctor may recommend it now. But if you had radiation after a lumpectomy, radiation to treat the recurrence isn’t usually recommended because of the risk of side effects.

Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Your doctor may recommend chemotherapy after surgery to reduce your risk of another cancer recurrence.

Hormone therapy. Medications that block the growth-promoting effects of the hormones estrogen and progesterone may be recommended if your cancer is hormone receptor positive.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: The remnants of cancer cells

Facebooktwitterpinterestlinkedin
foodiesfeed.com_homemade-pizza.jpg

Pagets disease diagnosis

Pagets disease diagnosis: The genesis treating breast cancer

Pagets disease diagnosis

Pagets disease diagnosis. Anything that makes you vulnerable to breast cancer is an enemy to your health and must be addressed

Anything that makes you vulnerable to breast cancer is an enemy to your health and must be addressed professionally. Cancer is a life threating health condition that you don’t want to associate with. Like with all types of cancer Pagets disease diagnosis must be done early. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, before the diagnosis, there are certain tests to be done for the purpose of evaluating the patient’s condition. Such tests include:

Pagets disease diagnosis: Clinical breast exam and physical exam

During this exam, the doctor will physically check for any unusual areas in both breasts, noting the appearance of the skin on and around your nipples and feeling for any lumps or areas of thickening.

Mammogram

A mammogram is an X-ray exam of done on the breast tissue. It may indicate whether the nipple and skin changes are linked to an underlying breast cancer, as is usually the case in Paget’s disease of the breast. In the event that the results from mammography conducted in both fails to effectively reveal any signs of breast cancer, a further test of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be applied. This is done to help in detecting any cancer that’s not able to be seen on a mammogram.

Pagets disease diagnosis: Breast biopsy

A biopsy is done by the doctor where he or she remove a small sample of breast tissue from the skin of your nipple for further examination under a microscope in a laboratory. Where a patient has some nipple discharge, a sample of the discharge might also be collected.

Alongside with that, if a patient has some lumps in the breast, a biopsy of that tissue will also be done. If the test reveals any cancer cells from the samples collected, the doctor may choose to refer the patient to a breast surgeon to discuss treatment options.

Pagets disease diagnosis: Sentinel lymph node biopsy

If you have invasive breast cancer, the lymph nodes under your arm (axillary lymph nodes) need to be checked to see if the cancer has spread to this area. This can be done in a procedure known as a sentinel lymph node biopsy.

During the biopsy, your surgeon locates the sentinel nodes the first lymph nodes to receive the drainage from breast tumors and therefore the first place cancer cells will travel. If a sentinel node is removed, examined and found to be normal, the chance of finding cancer in any of the remaining nodes is small and no other nodes need to be removed.

Pagets disease diagnosis: The genesis treating breast cancer

Facebooktwitterpinterestlinkedin
akory-home-slider-cancer

Pagets disease risks factors

Pagets disease risks factors: What makes you susceptible to breast cancer

Pagets disease risks factors

Pagets disease risks factors. The best thing one can do to be safe from any disease is to prevent it from happening

Pagets disease risks factors are closely associated with other factors that increase the development of any other type of breast cancer. Therefore, the following are some of the factors likely to cause an individual to develop Paget’s disease of the breast cancer:

  • Radiation exposure. If you received radiation treatments to your chest as a child or young adult to treat another cancer, you’re more likely to develop breast cancer later in life.
  • Race. White women are more likely to develop breast cancer than black or Hispanic women, but black women are more likely to die of the disease.
  • Past history of breast abnormalities. If you’ve had lobular carcinoma in situ or atypical hyperplasia, your risk of developing breast cancer is higher.
  • Overweight. Excess weight is unhealthy and increases your risk of breast cancer especially after menopause.
  • Hormone replacement. Taking estrogen after menopause increases the risk of breast cancer for some women.
  • Having a history of breast cancer. Those who had suffered breast cancer in one breast before, have an increased risk of developing cancer on the other breast.
  • Gene. If you have close family members like a mother, sister or daughter etc., with breast or ovarian cancer or both, you have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.
  • Dense breast tissue. Women with dense breast tissue, as seen on a mammogram, face a higher risk of breast cancer.
  • An inherited gene mutation that increases the risk of breast cancer. Defects in one of several genes, especially BRCA1 or BRCA2, put you at greater risk of developing breast cancer as well as ovarian and other cancers.
  • Alcohol. Drinking large amounts of alcohol increases your risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Age. As one advances in age, the chances of developing breast cancer increase.

Nevertheless, having any of these risk factors doesn’t necessarily make you develop breast cancer. There are so many women struggling with breast cancer, but have never experience any of the stated risks factors.

Pagets disease risks factors: Prevention

The best thing one can do to be safe from any disease is to prevent it from happening. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, it is more rewarding to prevent than to treat. Breast cancer may be prevented in many ways including:

  • Stop or use alcohol in moderation. If possible stop drinking but if you have to do it moderately like less than a bottle in a day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and diet. If your weight is healthy, work to maintain that weight and reduce it if overweight. Women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts may have a reduced risk of breast cancer.
  • Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy. Combination hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Exercise. Take time to exercise on most days of the week. Consult with your physician if you haven’t been active lately for guidance.
  • Breast self-exam and awareness. Women need to periodically inspect their breasts during a breast self-exam for breast awareness. If any changes like lumps or other unusual signs in your breasts is noticed, talk to your doctor on time. This is important in the prevention of breast cancer.
  • Asking questions about breast cancer screening. Ask specialist the right time to start breast cancer screening exams and tests like clinical breast exams and mammograms. Get to know the benefits and settle on which breast cancer screening strategies to use.

Pagets disease risks factors: What makes you susceptible to breast cancer

Facebooktwitterpinterestlinkedin
help-in-overcoming-cocaine-addiction

Invasive lobular carcinomas

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Treatment solution

Invasive lobular carcinomas

Invasive lobular carcinomas can be treated in several ways including using Mammogram

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas early is essential in solving the problem of this disease. This can be done by conducting various tests and procedures applicable in the diagnosis of invasive lobular carcinoma. Such tests and procedures may include:

  • Mammogram. A mammogram creates an X-ray image of your breast. Invasive lobular carcinoma is less likely to be detected on a mammogram than other types of breast cancer are. Still, a mammogram is a useful diagnostic test.
  • Ultrasound. Ultrasound uses sound waves to create pictures of your breast. It is however important to note that, it may be difficult to detect any presence of invasive lobular carcinoma using ultrasound in relation to the very many other types of breast cancer.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This (MRI) uses a strong magnetic field to create a picture of the patient’s breast. A breast MRI may help in evaluating an area of concern when mammogram and ultrasound are inconclusive. Besides that, it is also essential in helping determine the extent of the cancer within the breast.
  • Removing a sample of tissue for testing. Where an abnormality is detected on the breast, an oncologist may depending on the emerging abnormality, recommend a biopsy procedure to remove a sample of suspicious breast tissue for laboratory testing. A breast biopsy can be done using a needle to draw out fluid or tissue from the breast, or breast tissue can be removed surgically. The result from the laboratory will then be analysed for the determination of the next best cause of treatment.

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Determining the extent of invasive lobular carcinoma

Up on the determination that an individual is struggling with an invasive lobular carcinoma, your physician will move with speed in determine if an  additional tests are required primarily to establish the extent of the cancer, or stage of the cancer. That is to say, how far has the cancer cells spread to other parts of the body? The good news is that, in most women this may not be necessary. In other words, doing any further test other than the breast imaging, physical exam and blood tests will not be necessary. Nonetheless, depending on the patient’s situation, the doctor may recommend imaging tests to stage your breast cancer, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), among others.

Finally, with this information from the tests done, the doctor will be able to establish the exact stage your cancer has reached which normally ranges from 0-IV. And to conclude on that, breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV, with 0 indicating cancer that is very small and noninvasive. Stage IV breast cancer, also called metastatic breast cancer, and indicates that the cancer has spread to other areas of the body. When the cancer is at IV it sends a warning bell that the condition is not good and effective treatment may be challenging.

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Treatment solution

http://www.integrativeaddictionconference.com/wp-admin

Facebooktwitterpinterestlinkedin