Category Archives: Breast reduction

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Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC is very essential for proper and lasting treatment solution

Most lung cancer patients are struggling with NSCLC. Although it’s serious problem the world over, treatment can reduce its effects from worsening. There are several things patients can do to feel more comfortable. People who smoke or who breathe a lot of smoke are most likely to get NSCLC. And to diagnose this, the doctor will ask the patient questions like:

  • When did you first notice problems?
  • How have you been feeling?
  • Has anyone in your family had lung cancer before?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or worse?
  • Are you smoking or you were but quitted?
  • Are you coughing or wheezing?

Besides the questioning, the doctor may want to run some tests and a physical exam. Such tests may include:

Diagnosing NSCLC

: Imaging tests

Imaging tests is essential in finding the tumors inside lungs. They can also show whether the cancer has spread.

  • X-rays use low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, shows blood flow, organs, and structures.
  • Ultrasound creates a picture by bouncing sound waves off tissues inside you.
  • PET scans use a radioactive compound or tracer that collects where your cells are very active.
  • CT scans are powerful X-rays that make detailed pictures of the tissue and the blood vessels in the lung.

Sputum cytology is a lab test that checks the mucus you cough up for cancer cells.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Fine-needle aspiration

A fine needle aspiration biopsy takes cells from an abnormal growth or the fluid in your lungs. Where the doctor wants to examine inside your lungs and chest this is helpful using a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny camera. He may also take samples of tissue, including from nearby lymph nodes, to check for cancer cells. This can be done in different ways like:

  • Bronchoscopy goes through your nose or mouth and into your lungs.
  • Endobronchial ultrasound uses bronchoscopy with an ultrasound placed at the tip of the tube to look at lymph nodes and other structures.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is like the endobronchial ultrasound, but your doctor puts the endoscope down your throat into the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopy uses a few small cuts along your side to look at the outside of your lung and the tissue around it.
  • Mediastinoscopy makes a small cut just above your breastbone, in the space between your lungs.

Based on what your doctor finds, he’ll assign a stage, describing where the cancer is. That will help your medical team figure out the best treatment for you. You’ll want to know what each stage means:

  • Occult stage: “Occult” means “hidden.” Cancer cells are in lung fluid or sputum, but the doctor can’t find where the cancer is in your lungs.
  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are in the lining of your airways.
  • Stage I: A small tumor is in only one lung. The cancer hasn’t spread to lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: A larger tumor is in one lung, or the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer in one lung has spread to farther lymph nodes or into nearby structures.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid around the lungs, or to other parts of the body, such as the brain and liver.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

 

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Regional recurrence cure

Regional recurrence cure: Breast cancer diagnosis

Regional recurrence cure

Regional recurrence cure for a more comfortable life

Like with other treatments of other types of cancer, in most cases, the regional recurrence cure may involve the use of surgery, radiation therapy and drug treatments. For a better understanding of a regional breast cancer recurrence treatment procedures, let’s discuss each briefly.

Surgery. When the cancer cells has been identified, surgery is the best for this treatment. The surgeon operates the patient to remove the tumor. In the process, he/she may also remove the lymph nodes under arm if they’re still present.

Radiation therapy. Occasionally radiation therapy may be used after surgery. However, where surgery isn’t the suitable procedure, radiation therapy may be used as the main treatment for a regional breast cancer recurrence.

Drug treatments. Chemotherapy, targeted therapy or hormone therapy and may be recommended as the main treatment or may follow surgery or radiation.

Regional recurrence cure: Metastatic breast cancer

This disease has a variety of treatment options. The ideal option will depend on the stage of the cancer. A series of treatment options may be applied where the patient fails to respond positively. It is important to appreciate that the main objective of treatment here is not to cure the disease. This is a life prolonging treatment as it only relieves the patient from symptoms caused by cancer. The focus here is to help the patient live as comfortable and for as long as possible. Treatments may include:

Hormone therapy. For those patients whose cancer is hormone receptor positive, hormone therapy will be essential. This treatment approach has minimal side effects in relation to chemotherapy. This makes it to be the first treatment used for metastatic breast cancer.

Chemotherapy. Where the patient cancer is hormone receptor negative or if hormone therapy is no longer working, chemotherapy may be recommended.

Targeted therapy. If your cancer cells have certain characteristics that make them vulnerable to targeted therapy, this medication may be recommended.

Bone-building drugs. This becomes applicable where the cancer has spread to the bones. It helps in reducing the risk of broken bones and also reduces bone pain.

Other treatments. Radiation therapy and surgery may be used in certain situations to control signs and symptoms of advanced breast cancer.

Regional recurrence cure: Alternative medicine

As we look into this, it is important to note that this is not a replacement of the mainstream breast cancer treatment. In fact alternative medicine treatments doesn’t cure breast cancer. Nevertheless, complementary and alternative medicine therapies are essential in helping patients cope with side effects of treatment when combined with the doctor’s care. Like for instance, most cancer patients are distressed which brings about sadness and worries. In such condition, sleep and feeding or even concentration becomes difficult. This is where the complementary and alternative treatments come in. according to doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center, the following alternative treatments can be very helpful:

  • Yoga
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Music therapy
  • Meditation
  • Exercise
  • Dance or movement therapy
  • Art therapy

At AWAREmed health center, this is what we do best. If you are struggling with such pain, we would like to help you the best way we can. Give us a call today and let us be part of your healing success.

Regional recurrence cure: Breast cancer diagnosis

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Recurrent breast tumor

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: The remnants of cancer cells

Recurrent breast tumor

Recurrent breast tumor. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor which is a collection of cancer cells arising from the cells of the breast.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis is essential in addressing the underlying problem. Therefore from the mammogram, physical exam or just by way of signs and symptoms and investigations findings, if the doctor suspects that you may having some traces of recurrent breast he or she may recommend further additional tests to confirm the diagnosis. Some of the tests and procedures may include:

Imaging tests. The kind of imaging test the patient will undergo will depend on the individual situation. Nonetheless, the Imaging tests may include a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scan, X-ray, bone scan or positron emission tomography (PET) scan. It must however be noted that not every patient needs every test. The doctor will determine which tests are most helpful in your particular situation.

Removing a sample of tissue for lab testing (biopsy). The doctor may recommend a biopsy procedure to collect suspicious cells for testing. Working in a laboratory, a pathologist examines the cells and determines the types of cells involved. A pathologist will then determine if the cancer is a recurrence of cancer or a new type of cancer. Tests also show whether the cancer is sensitive to hormone treatment or targeted therapy.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: Treatment

Every patient has their unique treatment plan and this will depend on a number of factors. Like for instance, the extent of the disease, its hormone receptor status, the type of treatment you received for your first breast cancer and your overall health. Besides these, the doctor will also considers the patients goals and preferences for treatment.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: Treating a local recurrence

Treatment for a local recurrence typically starts with an operation and may include radiation if the patient haven’t had it before. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy may also be recommended as well.

Surgery. When the recurrent breast cancer is confined to the breast, treatment will involves removing any remaining breast tissue. However, if the first cancer was treated with lumpectomy, the doctor may recommend a mastectomy to remove the remaining breast tissue like lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, skin and nipple.

If your first breast cancer was treated with mastectomy and the cancer comes back in the chest wall, you may have surgery to remove the new cancer along with a margin of normal tissue. A local recurrence may be accompanied by hidden cancer in nearby lymph nodes. Therefore, the surgeon may remove some or all of the nearby lymph nodes if they weren’t removed during your initial treatment.

Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. If you didn’t have radiation therapy for your first breast cancer, your doctor may recommend it now. But if you had radiation after a lumpectomy, radiation to treat the recurrence isn’t usually recommended because of the risk of side effects.

Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Your doctor may recommend chemotherapy after surgery to reduce your risk of another cancer recurrence.

Hormone therapy. Medications that block the growth-promoting effects of the hormones estrogen and progesterone may be recommended if your cancer is hormone receptor positive.

Recurrent breast tumor diagnosis: The remnants of cancer cells

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Pagets disease treatment

Pagets disease treatment: The genesis treating breast cancer

Pagets disease treatment

Pagets disease treatment is necessary beacause, the mere mention of the disease cancer is enough to send shock waves

If you have Paget’s disease of the breast, surgery is the most likely treatment approach you will need. And in addressing Pagets disease treatment, the type of surgery will depends on the condition of the skin around your nipple and how advanced the underlying cancer is. Such surgical options include:

Simple mastectomy. This is a procedure which involves the removing of the entire breast excluding the lymph nodes in the armpit (axillary lymph nodes). This procedure is essential in cases where there is an underlying breast cancer which has not spread to the lymph nodes.

Lumpectomy. Breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy) involves removing only the affected portion of the breast. Under this procedure, the surgeon removes the nipple and areola along with a wedge- or cone-shaped section of the breast. The surgeon focuses on removing as little breast tissue as possible, while ensuring that the tissue removed includes an outer margin free of cancer cells so that only healthy cells remain.

Lumpectomy to treat Paget’s disease of the breast requires follow-up radiation therapy. Lumpectomy wouldn’t be recommended if you can’t have radiation therapy for some reason. Most women have nipple reconstruction after their treatment.

Pagets disease treatment: Adjuvant therapy

Upon the completion of the operation, the surgeon may recommend an additional treatment (adjuvant therapy) with anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy), radiation therapy or hormone therapy to prevent a recurrence of breast cancer. The patient’s specific treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer and whether the tumor tests positive for certain characteristics, such as having estrogen or progesterone receptors.

Pagets disease treatment: Coping and support

The mere mention of the disease cancer is enough to send shock waves. But one is eventually diagnosed with breast cancer, the pressure may be unbearable bot to the direct and indirect victims. Adjusting to this piece of news is not easy. At this point, you will need to have some tailored ways of coping with the diagnosis. You may try several things until you find what works well for you. The following can be helpful:

Get to know all the information about your new condition. Schedule an appointment with your doctor and ask all the questions you have. Ask even if you think a given question may not be relevant. Questions about your breast cancer, the type, stage and hormone receptor status. This kind of knowledge will make you feel confident to face the treatment well.

Talk with other breast cancer survivors. People who had been in this before can be very helpful in encouragement and support.

Find someone to talk with. Do not feel pity for yourself, instead find a friend or family member who is a good listener or talk to or a clergy member or counselor.

Keep your friends and family close. Your friends and family can provide a crucial support network for you during your cancer treatment.

Take care of yourself. Love life and keep doing the things you like. Sleep well, feed on healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables, make time for gentle exercise on days you feel up to it, and find time for things you enjoy, such as reading or listening to music. And finally, keep consulting with the experts. You can call AWAREmed health and wellness resource center for more professional help.

Pagets disease treatment: The genesis treating breast cancer

 

 

 

 

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Pagets disease diagnosis

Pagets disease diagnosis: The genesis treating breast cancer

Pagets disease diagnosis

Pagets disease diagnosis. Anything that makes you vulnerable to breast cancer is an enemy to your health and must be addressed

Anything that makes you vulnerable to breast cancer is an enemy to your health and must be addressed professionally. Cancer is a life threating health condition that you don’t want to associate with. Like with all types of cancer Pagets disease diagnosis must be done early. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, before the diagnosis, there are certain tests to be done for the purpose of evaluating the patient’s condition. Such tests include:

Pagets disease diagnosis: Clinical breast exam and physical exam

During this exam, the doctor will physically check for any unusual areas in both breasts, noting the appearance of the skin on and around your nipples and feeling for any lumps or areas of thickening.

Mammogram

A mammogram is an X-ray exam of done on the breast tissue. It may indicate whether the nipple and skin changes are linked to an underlying breast cancer, as is usually the case in Paget’s disease of the breast. In the event that the results from mammography conducted in both fails to effectively reveal any signs of breast cancer, a further test of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be applied. This is done to help in detecting any cancer that’s not able to be seen on a mammogram.

Pagets disease diagnosis: Breast biopsy

A biopsy is done by the doctor where he or she remove a small sample of breast tissue from the skin of your nipple for further examination under a microscope in a laboratory. Where a patient has some nipple discharge, a sample of the discharge might also be collected.

Alongside with that, if a patient has some lumps in the breast, a biopsy of that tissue will also be done. If the test reveals any cancer cells from the samples collected, the doctor may choose to refer the patient to a breast surgeon to discuss treatment options.

Pagets disease diagnosis: Sentinel lymph node biopsy

If you have invasive breast cancer, the lymph nodes under your arm (axillary lymph nodes) need to be checked to see if the cancer has spread to this area. This can be done in a procedure known as a sentinel lymph node biopsy.

During the biopsy, your surgeon locates the sentinel nodes the first lymph nodes to receive the drainage from breast tumors and therefore the first place cancer cells will travel. If a sentinel node is removed, examined and found to be normal, the chance of finding cancer in any of the remaining nodes is small and no other nodes need to be removed.

Pagets disease diagnosis: The genesis treating breast cancer

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