Colon cancer treatment: Types of treatment
The type of colon cancer treatment that is likely to be recommended by your doctor will depend basically on the stage of your cancer. There are four stages of cancer (I, II, III, and IV). The three primary treatment options available for colon cancer treatment. And they include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. To understand each of these, we sought the expert opinion from the professionals at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD. With the professional input of doctor Dalal Akoury, we are going to discuss the surgery option in this article and chemotherapy and radiation in the subsequent articles. We, therefore, want to encourage you to keep glued to the link to be the first to know.
Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for early-stage colon cancer
When surgery is applied for colon cancer treatment, it can be done in two ways depending on the size of the tumor. Where the colon cancer is very small, the doctor may recommend a minimally invasive approach to surgery like:
Removing polyps during a colonoscopy. In cases of small cancer, localized and completely contained within a polyp in the very early stage, the doctor may be able to remove it entirely during a colonoscopy.
Endoscopic mucosal resection. Removing larger polyps may require also taking a small amount of the lining of the colon or rectum in a procedure called an endoscopic mucosal resection.
Minimally invasive surgery. Any polyps which can’t be removed during a colonoscopy can be removed using laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon performs an operation through several small incisions in the patient’s abdominal wall, inserting instruments with attached cameras that display the colon on a video monitor.
Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for invasive colon cancer
If cancer has grown the following may be recommended:
Partial colectomy. Under this procedure, the surgeon removes part of the colon that containing cancer together with a margin of normal tissue on either side of cancer. This procedure can be done using a minimally invasive approach (laparoscopy).
Surgery to help in the waste disposal from the body. Where reconnecting the healthy portions of the colon or rectum isn’t possible, an ostomy may become necessary to create a wall in the abdomen from a portion of the remaining bowel for the discharge of stool into a bag that fits securely over the opening. This can be temporary to allow the colon and rectum to heal after surgery, but in the extreme, it may be permanent.
Lymph node removal. Nearby lymph nodes are usually also removed during colon cancer surgery and tested for cancer.
Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for advanced cancer
Finally, where cancer has advanced and the patients are very poor, an operation may be recommended to relieve a blockage of the colon or other conditions primarily to improve on the symptoms. It is important to note that this isn’t meant to cure cancer, instead, it’s to relieve signs and symptoms, such as bleeding and pain. We appreciate the kind of pain that comes with such procedures. If you’re in this situation, you can speak to us on Facebook or just call us on (843) 2131480 and we will be glad to help you professionally.