Category Archives: Glutamate

Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function

Neurons signals and addiction

Neurons signals

Neurons signals and addiction. In fact, neurons are the primary communication unit of the brain and must not be contaminated with drugs

Neurons signals and addiction: The brain chemistry

The neuron is the primary unit of communication within the brain. A single neuron is extremely tiny. Experts are estimating that there are over 100 billion neurons in the human brain. With that, you can imagine just how complex and distinct your brain is from the person next to you. And because good communication is of two ways where we both listen (receive information) and at the same time we also speak (send information). The same is applicable to the brain’s communication system with the neurons having the ability to both send and receive communication signals. The dendrite is the portion of neuron signals that typically receives information (listens) while the axon is a portion of the neuron signals that sends out information (speaks).

Neurons signals and addiction: Neurotransmitters

When humans communicate with each other, we typically use words and gestures. The different parts of the brain communicate with each other using electrical signals. Neurons use electrical pulses to send their communication signals. These electrical impulses are called action potentials. When neuron fire, the action potential travels down the neuron’s axon where it ends. At the end of the axon is the axon terminal or pre-synapse. In this area, special chemical messengers called neurotransmitters and neuromodulators lay in wait. These are stored in specialized capsules called vesicles. The action potential causes the release of these chemical messengers into an open space between one neuron’s axon and the next neurons’ dendrites. This open space is the synaptic cleft. At the other side of the synaptic cleft is the post-synapse that is formed by the dendrites of connecting neurons. In the post-synapse, there are special receptors that receive the neurotransmitters.

Receptors and neurotransmitters function in a way that is similar to a keyhole and key. Receptors are like keyholes and neurotransmitters are like the keys. When neurotransmitters fit into the receptors it is called binding. Once a neurotransmitter is bound to a receptor, the key turns the lock. Once the lock opens, it communicates with the receiving neuron’s dendrites. In the post-synapse, there may be many different receptors (many different shaped keyholes). However, a particular neurotransmitter may be able to fit into (bind to) several different receptors types. This is similar to the way a single key can open several different locks. The particular receptor type determines the type of signal that is transmitted. Thus, the receptor type is often more critical to the communication than the particular neurotransmitter.

It may be easiest to visualize this communication as a single chain of events: First, a neuron sends an electrical impulse (action potential) down the axon. Next, the electrical impulse causes chemicals (neurotransmitters and neuromodulators) to be released into space between two neurons. Then these chemicals can signal the next neuron to send an electrical impulse and so on. This electrochemical process forms the brain’s communication system. In conclusion, it is evident that the functions of the brain in communication are very sensitive and any alteration caused by drugs addiction can have far-reaching effects. Therefore before we get there, we must do all it takes to prevent or correct as soon as it is necessary. For this reason, it will be prudent that you schedule an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury MD a veteran addiction expert who is also the founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center for the commencement of your addiction recovery process.

Neurons signals and addiction: The brain chemistry



Obesity 2

Life intimidating diseases related to obesity

Life intimidating diseases

Life intimidating diseases related to obesity can occur at any stage of life

Life intimidating diseases related to obesity: Gallbladder disease

Obesity is a major risk factor for gallstones. Being one of the life intimidating diseases, it reduces the number of bile salts in bile, resulting in more cholesterol. Experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Akoury agrees that, emptying gallbladder decreases as a result of obesity

Interventions to obesity: It is the duty of healthcare providers like nurses to help to edge obese people to adopt changes to promote a healthier lifestyle with the main objective being the sustainability of life changes through modification of diet, physical activities and use of community supports.

Life intimidating diseases related to obesity: Safe weight loss approaches

  • Widowhood, loneliness, isolation, and depression are other factors that need to be addressed during weight-loss programs.
  • The benefits and risks of weight reduction in older adults should be carefully considered.
  • Participation in these programs by family members, as well as a caregiver(s), is especially important if the older person’s vision and hearing are impaired or if there is cognitive impairment.
  • Older persons present special challenges when making changes in diet and activity levels. In patients over 65, the increase in chronic diseases associated with aging reduces physical activity and exercise capacity, making it more difficult for elderly persons to lose weight.
  • Loss of lean body mass, which is already diminished in older adults, may not be appropriate in persons over 65 years of age because the loss of fat-free mass in older adults is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
  • Increasing flexibility, endurance, and strength should be the objective of regular exercise in older adults who are obese.
  • Improving physical function and helping to preserve muscle and bone mass through regular physical exercise is important for older adults who are obese.
  • Appropriate nutritional counseling through referral to a registered dietitian is necessary to ensure that the older adult’s daily nutritional requirements are met during weight-loss programs.
  • A weight loss program that minimizes muscle and bone loss is necessary for the older adults who are obese and have functional impairments or metabolic complications that might be improved by weight loss.

Finally, in ensuring that the life of our old people is well cared for, we must all be involved. To this effect doctor, Akoury made a passionate decision of creating this medical center whose primary objective is transforming each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. It will further interest you to note that, doctor Akoury’s practice focuses on personalized medicine through healthy lifestyle choices that deal with primary prevention and underlying causes instead of patching up symptoms. This makes her the best option for all your weight management needs. You can schedule an appointment with her on telephone number 843 213 1480 for the commencement of your weight loss recovery program.

Life intimidating diseases related to obesity: Gallbladder disease



Biochemical changes and health matters

Biochemical changes

Biochemical changes and health matters a lot in the establishment of a health weight

Biochemical changes and health matters: Linking stress and obesity

Over the past decades, many people have alleged without any scientific evidence that stress and obesity are linked together closely. This has been the running hypothesis for a very long time but, now scientific research is confirming by bringing forth proofs and evidence supporting this connection. Explicit biochemical changes appear to help in explaining this link and, the medical professionals understands these reasons better and are in a better position to address the prevalence of obesity epidemic facing U.S and beyond in the global space. However, doctor Dalal Akoury MD who is also the founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center agrees that the most disturbing aspect of the link between stress and obesity is that, it tends to be self-reinforcing. That is to say, very often, when people are stressed they may eat improperly and that may cause them to gain weight which can cause more stress thereby leading to even weight gain which you’re trying to fight off.

Biochemical changes and health matters: The biological connections

If you have been keen you must have realized that each time you’re stressed it is always a common practice that you will tend to crave comfort foods which are high in fat or sugar and researchers have established that specific hormones may play a role in this process.

Serotonin – reaching for fattening comfort foods during stressful times may be an attempt to offer self-medication. Consuming carbohydrates raises the body’s serotonin level and serotonin is the body’s feel-good chemical. It makes you feel better. Under normal circumstances, people under stress don’t make smart or healthy food choices. Very often their choices of carbohydrates are rich in fat, like muffins, pastries, doughnuts, and cookies which are not necessarily healthy foods.

Cortisolresearchers have also discovered that chronic stress can cause the body to release excess cortisol, a hormone critical in managing fat storage and energy use in the human body. Cortisol is known to increase appetite and may encourage cravings for sugary or fatty foods.

Neuropeptide Y.recent studies also have established that the human body processes food differently when under stress. One study established that lab mice fed a diet high in fat and sugar added significant amounts of body fat when placed under stressful conditions while those mice fed a normal diet didn’t add as much weight despite the stress. This finding has been linked the phenomenon to a molecule called neuropeptide Y which is released from nerve cells during stress and encourages fat accumulation. A diet high in fat and sugar appears to further promote the release of neuropeptide Y.

Finally, from the facts listed above, there is no doubt that all the biochemical changes matter a lot in weight management and as a society, we have a duty to bring some serenity in the weight loss management. To that effect, doctor Akoury made a decision of establishing this medical center to help in transforming each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. Efforts like this are essential in containing weight gain prevalence and you can benefit from it by scheduling an appointment with her today for the commencement of your recovery program.

Biochemical changes and health matters: Linking stress and obesity

Misuse of alcohol

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment

Ending alcohol abuse

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment to avoid stocking more chemicals in the body system

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The HPA Axis

Consumption of alcohol is a problem which has kept the global society thinking. There are two different schools of thoughts depending on the interest represented. The interest of health and that of generating revenue, and for the purpose of this article we will focus on the interest of health and the possible solutions that come with ending alcohol abuse. Several types of research have been done and conclusions made. One of the finds was that the “home” of alcoholism resides in the HPA (hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal) axis of the neuroendocrine system, to this effect scientists have developed extremely sophisticated tests which monitor the performance of this axis under various conditions by measuring:

  • Dopamine
  • Serotonin, GABA
  • Glutamate
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
  • Cortisol
  • DHEA

Professionally, doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President, and founder of AWAREmed Health Center reiterates that these are known neurotransmitters and two key hormones which define either the health of the neuroendocrine system or its state and depth of illness. To better understand the root of this phenomenon we will go into it a little more in detail regarding genetic addictive biochemistry and active addiction and how they affect the HPA axis. But in the meantime, you can direct all your alcoholism concerns to the experts at AWAREmed health for a timely treatment action.

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The hypothalamus

The endocrine system is the network of glands in the body comprised of the hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, adrenals, thyroid, parathyroid and the sex glands; ovaries and testes. These glands secrete hormones throughout the body to each and every organ via the blood which is received by their complimentary receptors. Hormones are “messengers” which carry messages coded by our DNA with the intention of keeping an organ regulated and healthy, essentially functioning as it should.  A hormone’s message will stimulate, suppress or maintain the functional cell or tissue activity of the organ it is received by.

The hypothalamus is the centerpiece of the endocrine system and is located in the middle of the base of the brain. The purpose of the hypothalamus is to establish and maintain homeostasis; balance within the body. It regulates all the functions of the autonomic system of breathing, heart rate, etc… but also hunger, thirst, sexual drive, sleep urination and metabolism which includes blood sugar control.

Although technically hypothalamus is part of the endocrine system it is really central to both the endocrine and nervous system; in fact, it is in the hypothalamus that these two extremely complex systems of the body intersect. As the Master Accountant, the hypothalamus performs checks and balances and responds to chemical messages of deficient or excess by sending various hormones and neurotransmitters to “adjust” to the requirements of your internal and/or external environments to maintain status quo. The hypothalamus is able to do this because it houses receptor sites for both hormones from the endocrine system and neurotransmitters from the nervous system and it utilizes the information it receives from those sites to do its job of not only controlling the entire endocrine system, including having a profound influence on the liver, heart, and kidneys, but establishing healthy brain chemistry and nervous system performance by correcting neurotransmitter imbalances by either slowing production of what is in excess, ingesting or degrading them faster, or in cases of deficiency, producing and releasing them as required.

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The HPA Axis