Ritalin Addiction and Abuse-Withdrawal and Treatment

Ritalin addiction

Ritalin addiction affects the brain and can be very devastating.

Ritalin is a Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant psychoactive drug which is generically known as methylphenidate. Stimulant psychoactive drugs hasten or speed up the brain and central nervous system activity; producing general effects of increased alertness, heightened senses, surges in energy etc. Ritalin is used to treat attention deficit disorders, attention deficit hyperactive disorder and narcolepsy (a strong desire to stay asleep which is not normal).

Other psychoactive drugs

Psychoactive drugs are those chemicals which the capability to influence and interfere with the normal functionalities of the central nerve system (CNS) and the brain. This interference comes in two different ways:

  • Drugs which hasten or speed up the functioning of CNS and brain are called stimulants and some of them may include drugs like Ritalin, crack cocaine, amphetamine, and crystal meth etc.
  • Drugs that slow the CNS and brain are called stimulants and in this group are opioids and opiates (Hydrocodone, buprenorphine, Opana, Demerol and Tramadol etc.) and alcohol.

The mechanism that these drugs use in functioning with the body is attaching to the receptacles or inducing production of endorphins which attach to brain and CNS receptacles to alter or inhibit successful signal transmission from other body organs to the brain and vice versa. This slows the body, generally reducing heart rate and in essence blood pressure, respiration and breathing etc.

The other category of psychoactive drugs are the hallucinogens/psychedelics this category tends to rearrange ones thinking, in other words they distort thinking completely, falsifying the person’s sense of pleasure, peace, or even threat etc., when realistically this is not the real situation happening. The drugs which fall in this category may include marijuana, PCP and MDMA these substances normally exhibit some traits and similarities of this category such as hallucinations, mood swings among many others.

Ritalin use

Ritalin is used in the body to offer functions like:

  • Attention deficit disorder patients lack the swiftness of mind and body to act and respond to stimuli in time.
  • They can be said to be slow and the presence of Ritalin boosts their energy, increases their sensory perception, self-awareness and alertness, which make them normal-like.
  • Narcolepsy on the other hand, being an unending sleepiness, is treated with Ritalin since in its working mechanism the drug reduces this sleep tendency and may even cause insomnia which is lack of sleep or sleep disturbances.
  • Like any other drug Ritalin is also prone to abuse, it is sometimes taken against prescription for leisure.
  • Those who seek leisure from Ritalin abuse it by taking more of it and in shorter frequencies to maximize its effects in the body and mind.
  • They might also use the drug together with other drugs that stimulate the brain, or drugs that make the effects of Ritalin take longer to wear off.
  • Abuse comprises not only the stated points above but also taking the drug when the body is already overactive, which makes the presence of the drug make automatic processes such as breathing, respiration, heart rate and blood pressure blow out of proportion.

Abuse

  • Like any other drug Ritalin is also prone to abuse, it is sometimes taken against prescription for leisure.
  • Those who seek leisure from Ritalin abuse it by taking more of it and in shorter frequencies to maximize its effects in the body and mind.
  • They might also use the drug together with other drugs that stimulate the brain, or drugs that make the effects of Ritalin take longer to wear off.
  • Abuse comprises not only the stated points above but also taking the drug when the body is already overactive, which makes the presence of the drug make automatic processes such as breathing, respiration, heart rate and blood pressure blow out of proportion.
Effects of Ritalin on the body and mind

As a stimulant Ritalin has various effects on the body and the mind of its users. These effects may be positive or negative depending on the use and they include:

  • Increased alertness and ability to focus
  • Energy surges
  • Numbing of pain
  • A boost in self-awareness and self esteem
  • Hastened automatic processes in the body, such as heart rate, breathing and respiration rates etc.
  • Sweating induced by a rise in body temperature
  • Grandiosity and invincibility
  • Heightened senses
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia
Side effects
  • Depression
  • An unending craving for the drug
  • Hypertension: due to increased heart rate
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Hyperthermia may destroy some body cells, reducing their effectiveness in normal functioning, which might induce organ failure
  • Increased threat perception due to heightened senses
  • Rapid breathing
  • Extreme pupil narrowing which alters vision
  • Intense headaches
  • Anorexia – lack of appetite and poor eating habits
  • Poor health due to poor eating habits
  • Dryness of the skin, which might be marked by rashes and itching
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Extreme hallucinations and schizophrenia
  • Mouth or nose bleeding due to cavity destruction by the drug’s powder and smoke Involuntary twitching of muscles

Addiction

Use of Ritalin to treat narcolepsy or ADD/ ADHD or the abuse of the drug for leisure does not exempt it from developing addiction. Prolonged use of the drug (meaning long durations of use and somewhat increased dosages taken) reduces the body and brain’s response to the drug, forcing more intakes of the drug and in higher dosage to achieve the same effects that were achieved with lesser amounts. This is called increased tolerance for the drug. Abuse comprises taking the drug without any caution whatsoever, and this means that higher quantities and shorter durations, as well as faster means of administration are employed to intensify the effects of Ritalin.

This develops tolerance very fast. Tolerance is succeeded by physical dependence, which means the body is now used to the drug for its regular functioning. Addiction is an amplified version of physical dependence and is a perpetual physical and psychological compulsion for the presence of the drug in the body and mind and it goes beyond the will or conscious desires of the individual. Any absence of the drug, whether temporary or permanent, elicits withdrawal symptoms (most of which are fatal if not properly managed).

Withdrawal

This is the process of quitting or reducing the intake of the drug. This is sometimes intentionally carried out for the many negative effects it has on the individual and on society.

Ritalin withdrawal symptoms

These may include:

  • Slowed heart rate and reduced blood pressure
  • Intense headaches
  • Extreme hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pains
  • Malfunctioning organs (liver, kidney etc.) and the list continues.

Ritalin overdose

A Ritalin overdose occurs when Ritalin levels in the blood reach lethal levels. It may be characterized by a ruptured heart or blood vessels, due to the very high heart beat destruction of the kidneys, liver, lungs and other organs, bluish skin due to lack of circulation, slowed heart beat and weak pulse, an indication of a failing heart, falling into a coma, realistic hallucinations etc. all these points only communicate one point that addiction is a scourge in the society which must be rooted out soonest.

Talking of rooting addiction out it is important that we seek the services of not just professionals but experienced ones. For instance Dr. Dalal Akoury is not just a professional in her own right but an experienced one for that matter. She is the founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, a facility that has been very helpful to many addiction victims globally. Remember we want to kick out this scourge out of our society therefore a visit to this facility and meeting doctor Akoury and her team of experts will be the best you can do not just for yourself but to the society as well. Dr. Akoury is offering her exclusive NER Recovery Treatment to everybody including physicians and health care professionals through training, clinical apprenticeships, webinars and seminars. Welcome and be part of the endless list of beneficiaries in this truly successful and fast addiction recovery treatment.

Ritalin Addiction and Abuse-Withdrawal and Treatment

 

 

 

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