A lot has been said about drug addiction in terms of creating awareness and offering solutions to the ever increasing problem globally. And even though several efforts to contain this problem are underway, a lot more needs to be done. In our effort is dealing with this problem, we have chosen to continually inform the public through this plat form and other media about the magnitude of the problem we have found our self in all in the name of drug addiction. In particular, we want to focus on the philosophies or drug addiction treatment and respond to some of your concerns in the most direct and professional way says doctor Dalal Akoury MD and also the founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center which is one of the leading pioneers in natural and holistic addiction treatment. We have aligned several questions which when all are responded to, then you will be well equipped with all the necessary tools you need to defeat drug addiction says doctor Akoury. Meanwhile as we get into the discussion you may want to talk to doctor Akoury for more insight on matters relating to substance abuse, the opportunity is available and you can schedule for an appointment with her anytime of your choice.
The Philosophies of Drug Addiction Treatment: Is there a difference between physical dependence and addiction?
In response to this concern the answer is definitely yes. Drug addiction or compulsive drug use despite harmful consequences that comes with it, it is also characterized by helplessness and difficulty in quitting the use of the drugs in question; failure to meet work obligations and set deadlines, social responsibilities and family obligations; and occasionally and depending on the drug tolerance and withdrawal. The latter is a bit sensitive as it reflects on physical dependence in which the body familiarizes with the drug thereby demanding for more of it to achieve a certain effect of tolerance and eliciting drug-specific physical or mental symptoms if drug use is abruptly terminated (withdrawal). This is about drug addiction and on the other hand physical dependence is different in the sense that it can happen with the chronic use of many drugs including many prescription drugs even when taken as instructed by the physician.
It therefore means that, physical dependence alone does not constitute addiction however it is an accompaniment of addiction. This distinction can be difficult to differentiate, particularly with prescribed pain medications, for which the need for increasing dosages can represent tolerance or a worsening underlying problem, as opposed to the beginning of abuse or addiction.
The Philosophies of Drug Addiction Treatment: How do other mental disorders coexisting with drug addiction affect drug addiction treatment?
Doctor Akoury says that drug addiction is not just a chronic problem but one which affects the brain quite frequently alongside other mental disorders. The magnitude of this problem is evident according to the available statistics that in every 10 people struggling with drug addiction, 6 will also be suffering from another mental illness and the same is replicated for users of licit drugs like tobacco and alcohol.
For these individuals, one condition becomes more difficult to treat successfully as an additional condition is intertwined. Thus, people entering treatment either for a substance use disorder or for another mental disorder should be assessed for the co-occurrence of the other condition. Research indicates that treating both (or multiple) illnesses simultaneously in an integrated fashion is generally the best treatment approach for these patients.
The Philosophies of Drug Addiction Treatment: Is the use of medications like methadone and buprenorphine simply replacing one addiction with another?
No. Buprenorphine and methadone are prescribed or administered under monitored, controlled conditions and are safe and effective for treating opioid addiction when used as directed. They are administered orally or sublingually (i.e., under the tongue) in specified doses, and their effects differ from those of heroin and other abused opioids.
Heroin, for example, is often injected, snorted, or smoked, causing an almost immediate “rush,” or brief period of intense euphoria, that wears off quickly and ends in a “crash.” The individual then experiences an intense craving to use the drug again and again to stop the crash and reinstate the euphoria.
The cycle of euphoria, crash, and craving sometimes is repeated several times in a single day is a hallmark of addiction and results in severe behavioral disruption. These characteristics result from heroin’s rapid onset and short duration of action in the brain.
In contrast, methadone and buprenorphine have gradual onsets of action and produce stable levels of the drug in the brain. The good news about this is that, patients maintained on these medications do not experience a rush, while they also significantly reduce their desire to use opioids.
If an individual treated with these medications tries to take an opioid such as heroin, the euphoric effects are usually dampened or suppressed. Patients undergoing maintenance treatment do not experience the physiological or behavioral abnormalities from rapid fluctuations in drug levels associated with heroin use. Maintenance treatments save lives they help to stabilize individuals, allowing treatment of their medical, psychological, and other problems so they can contribute effectively as members of families and of society.
Exercise is increasingly becoming a component of many treatment programs and has proven effective, when combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy, at helping people quit smoking. Exercise may exert beneficial effects by addressing psychosocial and physiological needs that nicotine replacement alone does not, by reducing negative feelings and stress, and by helping prevent weight gain following cessation.
The Philosophies of Drug Addiction Treatment: The effects of drug addiction treatment in reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C (HCV), and other infectious diseases
There is no doubt that those individuals who are abusing drugs either through injection or other means are increasingly risking their life for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other infectious diseases. Since these diseases are transmitted by sharing contaminated drug injection equipment and by engaging in risky sexual behavior sometimes associated with drug use. Effective drug abuse treatment will result in HIV/HCV prevention by reducing risky activities that can spread the disease like sharing injection equipment and engaging in unprotected sexual activity.
Finally the discussion we have heard in this article about the philosophies of drug addiction treatment is not the end of the problem of drug addiction, but just an opportunity we have given to you so that you are aware of some relevant information in containing the bigger problem. Even with this knowledge, it is still very important that you get to involve the services of a professional when it comes to matters relating to drug addiction. This is very important because no individual can go through the process of addiction recovery alone. Therefore you can use this opportunity to schedule for an appointment with doctor Akoury for assistance.