Tag Archives: Adderall and Ritalin

Adderall Abuse

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain

Adderall Ritalin role

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain has nothing positive, it’s all about destruction and pain.

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain: The Cocaine substance

If you want to understand drug effect like for instance, the substance-Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin, we must interrogate how they affect the brain. First, in appreciating both cocaine and Adderall Ritalin role into the brain, its addictiveness can’t go unnoticed. Ritalin works by increasing the dopamine output in the brain which helps in concentration improvement. Dopamine is also the neurotransmitter associated with reward and pleasure in the brain, and for this reason, when Ritalin is taken in higher doses than the recommended amounts it can result in euphoria. Anything that causes a psychotropic reaction (a high) can result in a psychological addiction, and Ritalin is no different. Patients with ADHD who require Ritalin therapy are given the medication in gradually increasing dosages to slowly and steadily build up base levels of dopamine in the brain, and when this process occurs over time and in a controlled manner, there is no intoxication, and there is no risk of addiction.

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain: Wrong usage of clinical medications

When people take medication for non-clinical reasons, they tend to take a higher dosage, do get high, and with prolonged abuse addiction becomes a reality. Adults and children taking the medication for a legitimate medical condition, and following a doctor’s recommendations for dosage amounts and frequency, have little to worry about. Adults prescribed Ritalin sometimes do experiment with higher doses, and there have been thousands of cases where parents may also take and abuse their children’s medications. Although not as potent as a strict amphetamine, the abuse of Ritalin can be quite pleasurable and is also associated positively with weight loss, and as such can be quite tempting.

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain: Ritalin withdrawal symptoms

Doctor Dalal Akoury says that once a person becomes addicted to Ritalin when they try to stop taking the drug, they will experience a syndrome of withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms of withdrawal include Tiredness, anxiety, depression, lethargy, hunger, cravings and many other symptoms.

The withdrawal and detox off of Ritalin present very similarly to other psychostimulants like crystal meth and cocaine, and the symptoms are predominantly internal and psychological in nature. Detox can best be accomplished in a facility away from access to the drug, and with the prescription of appropriate psychiatric medications that can take the edge off the depression and anxiety.

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain: Adderall

Adderall is commonly prescribed to patients who have difficulty controlling their actions, maintaining focus, or staying awake. It contains the active ingredients dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine, both of which are psychostimulant amphetamine molecules. Adderall was first introduced to the public in 1996 as an instant-release (IR) drug by Shire Pharmaceuticals. In 2006, a new version, Adderall extended release (XR), was made available as well. While the instant-release drug requires 3 hours to reach its maximum plasma concentration after consumption, the extended release version takes up to 7 hours to do so. Some of the known side effects of Adderall include insomnia, loss of appetite, nausea, and hallucination. Adderall has been found to be addictive and dangerous to the health of some patients. Several withdrawal symptoms include panic attacks, seizure, fatigue, and depression. You can choose today to be free from all these problems by scheduling an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for more professional advice.

Adderall Ritalin role in the brain: The Cocaine substance

 

 

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Cocain use

Understanding Adderall Ritalin substances

Understanding Adderall Ritalin

when understanding Adderall Ritalin substances is made possible recovery becomes much easier

Understanding Adderall Ritalin substances: The chemistry behind Adderall

Understandings Adderall Ritalin substances tructure and action primarily resembles that of recreational drugs such as methamphetamine and MDMA (3, 4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) (also known as ecstacy). Adderall is a phenylalkylamine, consisting of a phenyl ring and nitrogen group. The molecular resemblance of Adderall to catecholamine neurotransmitters underlies the similarities in physiological function between Adderall and these natural neurotransmitters.

The amphetamines in Adderall can bind to receptors that are normally activated by specific catecholamines produced by different glands in the body (including the hypothalamus and adrenal medulla). Amphetamine can also result in the release of more neurotransmitters that can activate sensory regions throughout the nervous system. When these psycho-stimulants activate receptors in the brain, the emotional response consists of euphoria, insomnia, increased alertness, and, sometimes, anxiety or psychosis. Peripherally, the binding of amphetamine compounds to catecholamine receptors can result in a physical response that may include the vasoconstriction of blood vessels, tachycardia, and hypertension.

In addition to stimulating the release of catecholamines, the amphetamines in Adderall also inhibit the function of monoamine transporters, which function in the re-uptake and recycling of catecholamine neurotransmitters in order to terminate the neural signal by removing the neurotransmitters from the synapse. In effect, Adderall stimulates sensory systems by maintaining the concentration of neurotransmitter in the synapse. Adderall also partakes in a “reverse-transport” or efflux process in which the amphetamines are transported from the synapse through the transporters into the presynaptic neurons and the catecholamines are simultaneously transported from the presynaptic neurons through the transporter into the synapse. This leads to an increased concentration of neurotransmitters in the synapse, allowing them to trigger receptors and activate the neuropsychological effects mentioned above. Finally, amphetamine and its analogs also enhance the synaptic neurotransmitter concentration by acting as competitive inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAO), an enzyme that breaks down monoamine neurotransmitters. In all these if you want to be safe, it is necessary that you keep in constant consultation with the experts from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury and you will not be caught un an aware.

Understanding Adderall Ritalin substances: Potential for abuse

Adderall has high risk for dependence and addiction. It is hypothesized that the addictive characteristics of Adderall are due to the activation of the mesolimibic dopaminergic pathway, in which the amphetamine in the drug binds to the transporter of the neurotransmitter dopamine to prevent removal of dopamine from the synaptic cleft. By prolonging the presence of dopamine in the synapse, amphetamine produces the long-lasting side-effects of euphoria, pleasure, and concentration. In addition, the highly connected neural circuits in the central nervous system can transport dopamine from one part of the brain to another, resulting in the proliferation of the chemical signal.

Adderall abuse can also cause dangerous physiologic effects such as hypertension, seizures, and mydriasis (dilation of the pupil). Increase in blood pressure is thought to be caused by the continued release of norepinephrine. The constant stimulation of nerve receptors is the mechanism behind Adderall addiction. With continued use over time, a tolerance is developed to Adderall, as seen with other addictive drugs as well – the more frequently these drugs, including Adderall, are used, the greater the amount that is needed to supply a response. The reinforcement behavior produced by Adderall can eventually cause long-term dependence.

Research has found that under some circumstances, Adderall can induce psychosis in adolescents comparable to schizophrenia. Though the precise mechanism is not clear, it is possible that this effect is due to an increased amphetamine-induced dopamine release. The symptoms cleared in patients who withdrew from using Adderall. The chemical similarity between natural neurotransmitters in the body and Adderall increases both the likelihood and degree of abuse. Thus, until the risks of psycho-stimulants are understood in more detail, it is advisable to remain cautious about prescribing Adderall to those with ADHD.

Understanding Adderall Ritalin substances: The chemistry behind Adderall

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cocaine-addiction1

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin

Understanding Cocaine substance

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin. Cocaine addictive stimulant consequences if not address can cause serious damages

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin: Why Ritalin can be addictive

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin begins by first appreciating their roles into the brain. These drugs can be very addictive if taken in higher doses. In fact Ritalin works by increasing the dopamine output in the brain, which helps to improve concentration. Dopamine is also the neurotransmitter very much associated with reward and pleasure in the brain, and for this reason when Ritalin is taken in higher doses than the recommended amounts it can result in euphoria. Anything that causes a psychotropic reaction (a high) can result in a psychological addiction, and Ritalin is no different. Patients with ADHD who require Ritalin therapy are given the medication in gradually increasing dosages to slowly and steadily build up base levels of dopamine in the brain, and when this process occurs over time and in a controlled manner, there is no intoxication, and there is no risk of addiction.

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin: Wrong usage of clinical medications

When people take the medication for non-clinical reasons, they tend to take a higher dosage, do get high, and with prolonged abuse do find themselves addicted. Adults and children taking the medication for a legitimate medical condition, and following a doctor’s recommendations for dosage amounts and frequency, have little to worry about. Adults prescribed Ritalin sometimes do experiment with higher doses, and there have been thousands of cases where parents may also take and abuse their children’s medications. Although not as potent as a strict amphetamine, the abuse of Ritalin can be quite pleasurable, and is also associated positively with weight loss, and as such can be quite tempting.

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin: Ritalin withdrawal symptoms

Doctor Dalal Akoury says that once a person becomes addicted to Ritalin, when they try to stop taking the drug, they will experience a syndrome of withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms of withdrawal include: Tiredness, anxiety, depression, lethargy, hunger, cravings and many other symptoms.

The withdrawal and detox off of Ritalin presents very similarly to other psycho stimulants like crystal meth and cocaine, and the symptoms are predominantly internal and psychological in nature. Detox can best be accomplished in a facility away from access to the drug, and with the prescription of appropriate psychiatric medications that can take the edge off the depression and anxiety.

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin: Adderall

Adderall is commonly prescribed to patients who have difficulty controlling their actions, maintaining focus, or staying awake. It contains the active ingredients dextro-amphetamine and levo-amphetamine, both of which are psycho-stimulant amphetamine molecules. Adderall was first introduced into the public in 1996 as an instant-release (IR) drug by Shire Pharmaceuticals. In 2006, a new version, Adderall extended release (XR), was made available as well. While the instant-release drug requires 3 hours to reach its maximum plasma concentration after consumption, the extended release version takes up to 7 hours to do so. Some of the known side effects of Adderall include insomnia, loss of appetite, nausea, and hallucination. Adderall has been found to be addictive and dangerous to the health of some patients. Several withdrawal symptoms include panic attacks, seizure, fatigue, and depression. You can chose today to be free from all these problems by scheduling for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for more professional advice.

Understanding Cocaine substance and Adderall Ritalin: Why Ritalin can be addictive

http://www.awaremednetwork.com/integrativeaddictionconference/

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Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Why Ritalin can be addictive

mesolimbic dopamine system

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin is very crucial if we are to defeat all the elements of addiction that are associated with it.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin begins by first appreciating their roles into the brain. These drugs can be very addictive if taken in higher doses. In fact Ritalin works by increasing the dopamine output in the brain, which helps to improve concentration. Dopamine is also the neurotransmitter very much associated with reward and pleasure in the brain, and for this reason when Ritalin is taken in higher doses than the recommended amounts it can result in euphoria. Anything that causes a psychotropic reaction (a high) can result in a psychological addiction, and Ritalin is no different. Patients with ADHD who require Ritalin therapy are given the medication in gradually increasing dosages to slowly and steadily build up base levels of dopamine in the brain, and when this process occurs over time and in a controlled manner, there is no intoxication, and there is no risk of addiction.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Addictive if abused

When people take the medication for non-clinical reasons, they tend to take a higher dosage, do get high, and with prolonged abuse do find themselves addicted. Adults and children taking the medication for a legitimate medical condition, and following a doctor’s recommendations for dosage amounts and frequency, have little to worry about. Adults prescribed Ritalin sometimes do experiment with higher doses, and there have been thousands of cases where parents may also take and abuse their children’s medications. Although not as potent as a strict amphetamine, the abuse of Ritalin can be quite pleasurable, and is also associated positively with weight loss, and as such can be quite tempting.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Ritalin withdrawal symptoms

Doctor Dalal Akoury says that once a person becomes addicted to Ritalin, when they try to stop taking the drug, they will experience a syndrome of withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms of withdrawal include: Tiredness, anxiety, depression, lethargy, hunger, cravings and many other symptoms.

The withdrawal and detox off of Ritalin presents very similarly to other psycho stimulants like crystal meth and cocaine, and the symptoms are predominantly internal and psychological in nature. Detox can best be accomplished in a facility away from access to the drug, and with the prescription of appropriate psychiatric medications that can take the edge off the depression and anxiety.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Adderall

Adderall is commonly prescribed to patients who have difficulty controlling their actions, maintaining focus, or staying awake. It contains the active ingredients dextro-amphetamine and levo-amphetamine, both of which are psycho-stimulant amphetamine molecules. Adderall was first introduced into the public in 1996 as an instant-release (IR) drug by Shire Pharmaceuticals. In 2006, a new version, Adderall extended release (XR), was made available as well. While the instant-release drug requires 3 hours to reach its maximum plasma concentration after consumption, the extended release version takes up to 7 hours to do so. Some of the known side effects of Adderall include insomnia, loss of appetite, nausea, and hallucination. Adderall has been found to be addictive and dangerous to the health of some patients. Several withdrawal symptoms include panic attacks, seizure, fatigue

, and depression.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: The Chemistry and Mechanisms behind Adderall

The structure and action of Adderall resembles that of recreational drugs such as methamphetamine and MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) (also known as ecstacy). Adderall is a phenylalkylamine, consisting of a phenyl ring and nitrogen group. The molecular resemblance of Adderall to catecholamine neurotransmitters underlies the similarities in physiological function between Adderall and these natural neurotransmitters.

The amphetamines in Adderall can bind to receptors that are normally activated by specific catecholamines produced by different glands in the body (including the hypothalamus and adrenal medulla). Amphetamine can also result in the release of more neurotransmitters that can activate sensory regions throughout the nervous system. When these psycho-stimulants activate receptors in the brain, the emotional response consists of euphoria, insomnia, increased alertness, and, sometimes, anxiety or psychosis. Peripherally, the binding of amphetamine compounds to catecholamine receptors can result in a physical response that may include the vasoconstriction of blood vessels, tachycardia, and hypertension.

In addition to stimulating the release of catecholamines, the amphetamines in Adderall also inhibit the function of monoamine transporters, which function in the re-uptake and recycling of catecholamine neurotransmitters in order to terminate the neural signal by removing the neurotransmitters from the synapse. In effect, Adderall stimulates sensory systems by maintaining the concentration of neurotransmitter in the synapse. Adderall also partakes in a “reverse-transport” or efflux process in which the amphetamines are transported from the synapse through the transporters into the presynaptic neurons and the catecholamines are simultaneously transported from the presynaptic neurons through the transporter into the synapse. This leads to an increased concentration of neurotransmitters in the synapse, allowing them to trigger receptors and activate the neuropsychological effects mentioned above. Finally, amphetamine and its analogs also enhance the synaptic neurotransmitter concentration by acting as competitive inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAO), an enzyme that breaks down monoamine neurotransmitters. In all these if you want to be safe, it is necessary that you keep in constant consultation with the experts from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury and you will not be caught an aware.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Potential for Abuse

Adderall has high risk for dependence and addiction. It is hypothesized that the addictive characteristics of Adderall are due to the activation of the mesolimibic dopaminergic pathway, in which the amphetamine in the drug binds to the transporter of the neurotransmitter dopamine to prevent removal of dopamine from the synaptic cleft. By prolonging the presence of dopamine in the synapse, amphetamine produces the long-lasting side-effects of euphoria, pleasure, and concentration. In addition, the highly connected neural circuits in the central nervous system can transport dopamine from one part of the brain to another, resulting in the proliferation of the chemical signal.

Adderall abuse can also cause dangerous physiologic effects such as hypertension, seizures, and mydriasis (dilation of the pupil). Increase in blood pressure is thought to be caused by the continued release of norepinephrine. The constant stimulation of nerve receptors is the mechanism behind Adderall addiction. With continued use over time, a tolerance is developed to Adderall, as seen with other addictive drugs as well – the more frequently these drugs, including Adderall, are used, the greater the amount that is needed to supply a response. The reinforcement behavior produced by Adderall can eventually cause long-term dependence.

Research has found that under some circumstances, Adderall can induce psychosis in adolescents comparable to schizophrenia. Though the precise mechanism is not clear, it is possible that this effect is due to an increased amphetamine-induced dopamine release. The symptoms cleared in patients who withdrew from using Adderall. The chemical similarity between natural neurotransmitters in the body and Adderall increases both the likelihood and degree of abuse. Thus, until the risks of psycho-stimulants are understood in more detail, it is advisable to remain cautious about prescribing Adderall to those with ADHD.

Understanding the substance Cocaine and Adderall Ritalin: Why Ritalin can be addictive

 

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Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty – How to get the Glomar Back

Holiday skin stress

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty and surely it is. Stress can really frustrate your holiday and cause more harm to your skin. take time and relax its holiday time.

We are at it again the ups of holiday season. Look around you when a big event like the Christmas things literally changes like the city human population swells suddenly and all the shopping malls are parked to capacity, food joints are full, a lot of home cleaning takes place and everyone is in the celebration mood. Why? It is Christmas time or it is holiday and marry making moments. In many occasions like these there will plenty of food and drinks and as plenty as they are so is the plenty or big appetite. A lot of time is therefore taken in eating and drinking to the disadvantage of sleep. Because a lot of time is spent drinking and eating, little time is left for sleeping. The consequence of this is that, when you want to look sparkly and terrific, your skin gets the holiday blues. Did I get your attention? The holiday skin stress is the enemy of beauty.

Now that I have your attention, let me share with you some insight about the holiday skin stress being the enemy of beauty or do I say your beauty? Take a look at yourself from the dark circles under the eyes to an unquestionably green in the gills complexion to bloated, puffy, swollen eyes and zits when you least expect it, for many women seasonal skin problems can be plentiful. Have you noticed that? I’ am not trying to make you worry but I want to offer you working solutions offered by the experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under Doctor Akoury’s care. This should be the good news to you as is explained by doctor Akoury the C.E.O of this facility. She says “not only are there things you can do right now to ensure your angelic glamorous during this season, but there are also some cosmetic tricks and tips to keep your holiday glowing into the New Year”.

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty – How to start protecting your skin

The best place to begin she says, is with some preventive care, starting as soon as may be conceivable. For instance, If you’re contemplate that you’re going to be partying a lot, it would be important that you start early ahead of time to make your skin look healthier. Remember that the laser treatments can be very essential in this process alongside the topical creams, particularly serums containing vitamin C or creams containing retinol. Remember that a good beginning or shape of your skin complexion as the holiday starts, will translate into that desired look throughout the season.

Besides that increasing the moisture level in your skin should also starting as early as possible in the holiday season. Our focus is still on the holiday skin stress being the enemy of beauty. Therefore a lot of the skin stress that appears during the holidays, including some dark circles, can be as a result of lack of moisture, particularly if you live in a cooler climate and again if you’re exposed to indoor heating, you’re likely to add to the dryness, and even that extra glass or two of wine could push you over into another skin type. Therefore the best solution to the problem is to trade up to a wealthier, more palliative moisturizer, beginning right at the start of the holiday season.

If you’ve been using a gel product for example, I will suggest that switching to a cream or lotion would be advisable. However if you’ve been using a cream or lotion, switch to a richer version and try using a night cream during the day. Or try a rich skin balm rather than a cream. Balms are products designed to offer optimum moisture, and they are excellent for buffering the skin against extreme dryness.

We appreciate that for many women, the biggest holiday skin problem is not just dryness but breakouts, even if they don’t normally suffer from acne. The reason for this is simply that stress causes women to produce more of that traditionally male hormone testosterone, and it’s those surges that give us the holiday zits. Therefore for those who are prone to acne it could happen more frequently, but even if you have great skin, holiday stress or any stress other stress for that matter can cause your skin to break out. The solution may be there in the over-the-counter benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid treatments, placed directly on the pimple but I want to recommend that you schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for more professional treatment.

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty – Curing Skin Hangover

Ordinarily you may be able to stop those holiday breakouts before they start if you exfoliate your skin regularly and use an alcohol-free toner to totally remove all traces of make-up and keep pores open. However a combination treatment of Kiehls blue astringent plus azaleic acid prescription cream, or go over-the-counter with benzoyl peroxide used preventatively will also be helpful upon consultation with your skincare professional. Nonetheless in the event that all your effort fails and a breakout still occurs hitting the pimple with a few drops of Visine to constrict blood vessels then pat lightly with a concealer matched to your skin tone.

Press the concealer into the blemish and feather around it. Add a bit of powder on cotton ball and press it on as well, because it’s that layering process that works best to hide a blemish. Using a heavy blob of concealer will make your blemish look more obvious, as will choosing a shade too light.

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty – After Curing a Skin Hangover

Though preventive measures can help, the inevitable “skin hangover” is still bound to occur. More alcohol, combined with richer, usually saltier foods, plus a lot less sleep, can come together to give you a bloated, puffy look, particularly the day after a night of holiday cheer. But experts say you can still face that 9 a.m. staff meeting looking bright eyed and bushy tailed if you simply play it cool. When it comes to holiday skin stress puffiness, particularly puffy eyes cold is the answer to it all, and cold packs may be the best of treatment available. Another way around the bloat is to spend the night after the party sleeping with your head elevated, the higher the elevation the better as this will make you wake up less puffy. Alcohol enlarges your blood vessels, and that is what allows the fluid to leave the vessels and enter the tissues, which in turn is what causes the puffiness. Therefore sleeping with your head elevated can help the fluids to drain from your puffy cheeks and eyes.

Finally the discussion about holiday Skin Stress being the enemy of beauty can only be concluded sufficiently in the doctor’s office. The welfare of your skin should be prioritize as number one by calling doctor Akoury today for further treatment for a more rejuvenated and glamorous appearance.

Holiday Skin Stress the enemy of beauty – How to get the Glomar Back

 

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