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Addiction

Addiction and Psychology

Although not based on the psychological changes that take place in the body, addiction is psychological. Addiction can be described as a behavior of seeking to be relieved from discomfort by relying on things we crave for such as drugs, alcohol, food and many other things.

Failure to access these things results in withdrawal symptoms, physical dependence, reduced productivity and more. These leads to increased physiological as well as psychological dependence on substances one craves for such as alcohol, drugs, and others of which if the addict can’t access, he or she can’t lead a normal life.

Dependence on a few things we need to live our lives isn’t bad. It is the excessive dependence that makes it an issue. For example, it would be good if we have some types of food most of the time, but we should be able to live without them especially if they are scarce. If we can’t, then it is an addiction.

Dealing with addiction early enough is important because it can save the addicts life before it reaches a point beyond repair. It may lead to anti-social behavior or crime that may make it harder for the addict to survive what the society requires of him.

What causes addiction?

Studies have shown that people who end up being addicts are more vulnerable to mental illnesses. This is because addiction is related to mood, obsessive, anxiety and many other psychological disorders.

Addiction is simply a habit of needing to repeat something more often in an unusual manner that often leads to depression. The habit is often influenced by doing something that gives you a short term pleasure forcing you to want to do it again and again.

As humans, we are fond of things that give us pleasure. Addicts end up wanting these pleasures more often, and if they can’t get it, they’ll resort to behaviors that either ruins them physically or psychologically. But not only that. Even the good things we need to live may become toxic to our bodies when taken in larger amounts and all the time.

 

addiction

How to control and stop addiction

Controlling and preventing any addiction can be a big task especially for serious situations, but this does not mean that it isn’t stoppable. With the right type of counseling and guidance, any addict despite the seriousness of the situation can recover.

Among the most effective strategies is called diversion. Diversion aims to provide the addicts with substitutes for either activities or substances they crave for. For example, those who are fond of watching television too much can be encouraged to engage in habits that are more constructive.

Another example is, a person who is addicted to taking wine can be encouraged to take a drink with the same taste as wine, but without alcohol.

If he or she can stick to that drink, then chances that he or she will forget what used to give him pleasure before are high. The best way to do this is to introduce the person to a drug that tastes almost the same but has small doses. For better result, these doses are supposed to reduce with time. The main purpose of doing this is to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

Lastly, it is important to get some counseling that may encourage the addict to change his or her behavior.

 

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sexual-addiction

What is Sexual addiction?

Sex addiction explained.

Sexual AddictionSexual addiction is best described as a progressive intimacy disorder characterized by compulsive sexual thoughts and acts. Like all of the present forms of addictions, the negative impact of addiction on addict and family members progressively increase with the progress of disease. This addiction if left unattended, take a toll on the addict’s life and forces the individual to heap on the addictive behavior to have the same level of satisfaction that was attainable through less effort at the beginning of disease. As every individual possess unique personality, the intensity of disease is also variable for every addict. For some their addictive behavior does not surpasses the grim need of masturbation, extensive addiction to pornography or cybersex and other chat sex facilities but for others, it can acquire a more severe form forcing them to get involved in certain abnormal activities like exhibitionism, voyeurism, obscene phone calls, child molestation or rape. It is not necessary that this disease forces individuals to commit sex crimes. They can keep it personal because statistics show that not all sex offenders are sex addicts but there is a significant percentage i.e. 55% who can be considered sex addicts.

Sexual addiction could not be put into distinct categories because of the variability of reasons and factors but still chiefly it involves excess addiction masturbation, pornography, prostitution, fantasy, sadistic or masochistic behavior, Exhibition/Voyeurism, other excessive sexual pursuits like child molestation, insatiable lust for partners, rapid switching of partners for sexual satisfaction, emotional detachment and lack of satisfaction through normal sexual practices. The National Council on Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity states that a sex addict will continue to engage in certain sexual behaviors despite facing prospective health risks, financial and economic harms, shattered and unsuccessful relationships or even arrest.

It is an established fact that sex offenders do not solely act for sexual delight, but rather out of a troubled desire for authority, supremacy, control or vengeance, or a perverted and distorted expression of anger. A sex addict may suffer a single form of sexual addiction or it may practices all of its forms depending upon the severity of disease and course of time an addict have been indulged in these activities.  Sexual addiction is usually considered an emotional/psychological sexual disorder but it does manifests itself in physical form. Sometime it’s evident from ones behavior that they are thinking about some really perverse act as it becomes difficult for addicts to control their behavior.

Sex addicts often face problems defining healthy boundaries, they either completely become desolate, depressed, mysterious, frustrated, and humiliated or they could become completely opposite of these, being excessively getting involved with people sexually regardless of respecting the choice of their partners or potential partners towards them. Majority of sex addicts could not walk out of unhealthy relationships because of their extreme paranoia of abandonment. On contrary to this, their sexual lust might make them leave their healthy relationships in the worst of ways without caring about the emotions of people around them.

Sexual addiction can develop due to factors that encompass all aspects of an individual’s life. Researchers have found that there could be some biological explanations for sex addiction. An individual could have a genetic tendency towards emotional volatility, impulsivity or negative attention seeking behavior. Existence of other metal conditions like stress, anxiety or depression can also play a major role in manifestation of sexual addiction. Higher levels of sex hormones are other key players that can increase the chances of excessive involvement in sexual activities. Psychologically, those that have been diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, or have a tendency toward “manic” states, are much more likely to engage in excessive or risky sexual behavior. Apart from these causes an early history of child abuse, molestation or exposure to explicit content at an inappropriate age can result into aberrant sexual behaviors.

Sexual addiction can have deleterious effects on individual’s life and the life of those around them. According to the stats of Departmental Management of the USDA, about 38% of men and 45% of women with sex addictions have a venereal disease as a result of their behavior. On the other hand in female addicts pregnancy is a main side effect related to these sexual practices. In a survey, around 70% of women have experienced an unwanted pregnancy due to their untamed sexual ventures. Socially, sex addiction can result in decline of personal relationships and decreased productivity in working environments, resulting in financial problems. Health wise, these excessive sexual activities greatly increase the chance of contacting sexually transmitted diseases.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders, Volume Four categorizes sex addiction, under the category “Sexual Disorders”. It is immensely imperative to know that although sex and porn addiction are not “formally” diagnosable, these situations exist and often present with very unpleasant consequences and towering levels of distress, guilt, and emotional tumult. If you can relate to the symptoms mentioned above, or know somebody who meets these criteria, do not hesitate to ask for help. There are a number of available options for treatment including psychotherapy, medication and hormonal therapy but diagnosis and self-assessment is the key to get help in the first place. If you think you need help we are organizing an international conference titled “Integrative Addiction conference” whose sole purpose is to unite medical health professional, psychologists and other stake holder on one platform. Speakers from all over the world are going to discuss multiple aspects of addiction. This is just a tremendous opportunity to get a lot of valuable information without any kind of hesitation. You can find more information here http://integrativeaddictionconference.com/ . Get yourself registered today and avail this opportunity to understand yourself and your loved ones in better ways. Alternatively if you have some valuable suggestions and knowledge of the said field, you can join us as one of our speakers, so register right now and spread awareness. After all it’s the right of every human being to be loved and understood despite of innumerous flaws we all possess.

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