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PTSD and Addiction Cause-And-Effect!

Cause-And-Effect Relationship between PTSD and Addiction

It is a common medical practice addicts are tested for co-occurring physical and mental conditions each time they seek treatment. In many of those occasions they have actually been diagnosed with various forms of the same. Very much common among them is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). There are several accounts as to the connection between these two. One such theory is based on the fact many victims of PTSD have drug addiction or related issues. And there are available data that pretty much supports this.

According to a commonly cited report, an estimated 8% of Americans have suffered PTSD at one point in their lives. Out of them 34% men and 27% women have recorded drug addiction. Again, 52% men and 28% women victims of PTSD tested alcoholics. Given the statistics, PTSD ranks very highly among predisposing factors to drug addiction; that is, when compared with other forms of co-occurring physical and mental medical conditions.

From PTSD to Addiction; Escape Theory

The first explanation, rather one that is considered too obvious is that patients with PTSD related symptoms including: insomnia, pervasiveness, nightmares and mood swings sought escape in drugs. This according to proponents of the theory was one way the patients got reprieve from physical, psychosocial and the emotional pains.

With time more exploratory studies have been done. Some of these opine, suggest the reason many PTSD victims are diagnosed with drug addiction was broader than that. They do not however contradict the fact the paradigm of escape has offered a good part of the reason PTSD and addiction have such a relationship. For instance alcohol is a great depressant, given the statistics above it could as well be true very many resort to drinking the addictive substance in order to discharge their “pains”.

Cause-Effect PTSD Addiction Relationship; Increased-Risk Theory

Other than that the increased-risk philosophy also posits a cause-and-effect kind of relationship between PTSD and drug addiction. Proponents here argue before PTSD can develop a traumatic incident must occur first. They also posit the drug abusers often expose themselves to higher risks of such traumatic events. The point here is in as much as various PTSD symptoms very much pushes victims into drug use and addiction the vice versa is also true; that sometimes those already addicted may as well through their acts develop PTSD.


From Addiction to PTSD; Vulnerability Theory

Some scientific researchers also argue whether PTSD symptoms come first or last, they have the ability to either cause an addiction or PTSD or make them perennial. Vulnerability theorists do not concern themselves with which causes what between these two, rather they concentrate on effects of PTSD symptoms and experiences of addicts on the functioning of their brains. Intoxicants for instance they argue have damaging effects on the brain that may make it very difficult for an addict to recover in this case therefore making it possible they develop persistent PTSD.

It has been established genetic factors make some people more susceptible to drug and alcohol addiction. In a recent study conducted by UCLA’s Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, it was found there is a link between particular genetic components and symptoms of PTSD. While there are no specific explanations yet as to why PTSD and addiction commonly co-exists, it is anticipated continued research may provide the missing links.

Effects Created by Co-Occurring Drug Addiction and PTSD

Effects of addiction far go beyond influencing a person’s body functions to both their physical and psychosocial lives. They include among others; physical pains, mental and emotional pains, relationship problems, work related problems, anger, memory loss, family quarrels and fits, depression, irritability, and problems falling asleep. PTSD pretty much has similar effects on its victims, which makes people who exhibit both PTSD and Addiction often perennial problems, for them these issues never seize. Such include: They tend to have escalated forms of these symptoms, hence making it much more difficult to get treated from any either drug addiction or PTSD.

Treatment Options for PTSD and Addiction

There are well over 17 medically recognized symptoms linked to PTSD, which clearly indicates just how troublesome it can be in the lives of victims. It is therefore prudent to seek relevant treatment for PTSD while seeking addiction related therapy. On the other hand drug addiction has a tendency to influence recognition of the brain to various drugs and related medical conditions. Drug addiction therefore has the capacity to make healing from PTSD very difficult. Treating both PTSD and addiction therefore requires a simultaneous approach.


The first stride when for a patient with both conditions is to talk to his/her physician and seek more information about the treatment options. Medical scientific research evidence shows patients with both PTSD and SUD symptoms generally improve when provided with treatment options that addresses both conditions, which may involve among others the following:


  1. Behavioral couples therapy
  2. cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT)
  3. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)

For more information on the above, click http://www.integrativeaddiction2015.com. The link will also guide you on how to sign up for an upcoming Integrative Addiction Medicine Conference. You will also find a backgrounder about speakers lined up for the conference. If you need to learn some of the most recent studies on both PTSD, addiction, genetic transfer along generations, their relation, and more treatment options, the event is a must attend.



Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal

Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal: The levels of alcohol withdrawal

Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal

Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal is not the end of alcohol addiction but just a strategy of containing the vice which can make you a prisoner

Before we can talk about alcohol withdrawal, one must have been into drinking for a long period of time. This is so because alcohol withdrawal is pegged on the ex poser of alcohol to the brain over a given duration that is considered long enough to cause such damages. It is important to note that alcohol withdrawal is different from withdrawal from most other drugs. This is so because alcohol withdrawal can be fatal and deadly. Ideally studies have indicated that the only drugs capable of reacting like alcohol to the point of causing death from withdrawal are the benzodiazepines. It is not like other substances heroin withdrawal for example will rarely be that fatal let alone ever killing anyone. But untreated major alcohol withdrawal can kill one person in three. The good news is that these fatalities are almost completely preventable if people are properly tapered off from their alcohol use. Therefore as it is always said that prevention is better that cure, experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of Doctor Dalal Akoury’s care are doing all that it takes to create awareness about all the mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal so that we may have a healthy society we can be happy to call home. On that note, doctor Akoury is going to help us come to speed with the understanding of the levels of alcohol withdrawal as follows.

Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal: The levels of alcohol withdrawal

Professionally across the board globally, doctors generally recognizes the three levels of alcohol withdrawal in the following order:

Level one minor withdrawal – Shaky hands sweating, mild anxiety, insomnia, nausea and headache. These symptoms may appear within 6 to 12 hours after quitting drinking.

Level two Mid-level Withdrawal – Minor withdrawal symptoms at a more intense level plus visual, auditory or tactile hallucinations. The patient generally is aware that the hallucinations are not real, possible seizures, racing pulse and irregular heartbeat. These symptoms may appear within 12 to 48 hours after quitting drinking.

Level three Major Withdrawal – Delirium, alcohol-induced hallucinations, patient generally cannot distinguish hallucination from reality, profuse sweating, seizures and severe blood pressure spikes, sever tremor, racing and irregular heartbeat, fever and possible death. These symptoms may appear within 48 to 72 hours after quitting drinking and peak in five days. Remember that mild or mid-level alcohol withdrawal are rarely if ever fatal unless you have a very weak heart. Major withdrawal is the most dangerous one.

Popular slang in the United States refers to the shakiness which comes with mild alcohol withdrawal as “D.T.s”. This is a rather confusing use of terminology since properly speaking “D.T.s” refers to delirium tremens which is associated with major withdrawal. Real delirium tremens is life-threatening and can kill one in every three untreated patients. The shakiness associated with minor withdrawal is not life-threatening either. Now that you know of the three levels of alcohol withdrawal and their intensity of damage they can cause your life and that of your loved ones, it would be very important to carry out a self-evaluation about yourself so that you can take percussions in good time. You may want to schedule for an appointment with doctor Akoury for her professional touch about your situation and you will not regret it all the days of your life.

Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal: The Future of Integrative Addiction

As we progress in this discussion it is equally important to appreciate the effort doctor Akoury and her health facility (AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center) are doing in ensuring that everyone with any addiction problem is well attended to. To this effect AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, one of the leading pioneers in natural and holistic addiction treatment, will be conducting the first ever Educational, Functional and Integrative Addiction conference targeting professionals in addiction including doctors, counselors, nurses and addiction therapists. This is a must attend conference for all professionals and it is schedule for August 23-25 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Remember that this new frontier in Addiction Medicine will be conducted by the most influential group of leading visionaries specializing in the latest advances in natural and integrative addiction medicine, under the theme “The Future of Integrative Addiction”. We want to take this earliest opportunity to welcome you to this conference so that we can succeed in forming a strong team that will defeat all manner of addictions even before they come. For more information about this conference you can login to www.integrativeaddiction2015.com or send an email with all your queries to sharon@integrativeaddiction2015.com. Or make a direct call to: 954 540 1896

As you consider making those enquiries, I want to bring you up to speed with some of the who is who in the medical profession who have confirmed their attendance and the list is quit big but let me just give you a few and they include Mitch Ghen, DO, Ph.D, Sean Devlin, DO, HMD., Sahar Swidan, Pharma D. BCPS., Kenneth Proefrock, N.M.D., William Eidelman, M.D., and Gregory G. Smith, MD.

And for those who may be interested in the exhibit spaces, the schedule has now been released and currently we have a 10x10s and table tops to be grabbed. Besides that we also have a wide range of sponsorships, including speaking engagements. And just for clarity this conference is medicine oriented and therefore companies who may want to consider attending should include: nutraceuticals, aromatherapy, bio-feedback, drug and abuse, stem cell research, detoxification, hypnotherapy, BHRT companies, rehabilitation, compounding companies, IV therapies and ozone treatment, natural weight loss, electrical simulation, massage therapy and acupuncture. And like I had said this is only to hint you up. For further details the contacts above will be very useful. However for more information about Integrative Addiction Treatment you can reach out to the following contacts.

Dalal Akoury M.D.


Tel: 843 213 1480

Email: dollyanis@hotmail.com



Mechanisms of preventing alcohol withdrawal: The levels of alcohol withdrawal



Can Cosmetic Products Cause Cancer?

Cosmetic Products that Cause Breast Cancer

Cosmetic ProductsCosmetic products are made from various ingredients that are majorly given chemicals. These cosmetic products are largely used by women for the purpose of beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance. Some of the cosmetic products that are widely used by women include moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants. These cosmetic are part of our lives. not only women use cosmetic products, men too have their choice and preferences when it comes to the use of these cosmetic products after all we all have skins to take care of so if you find a man using some moisturizing lotion on his skin, it should not be a surprise to you.

Most if not all of the cosmetics have to be tested by various bodies to ensure that they are safe to be used on human beings. One of the bodies that test these cosmetics for safety before approving them is the food and Drug Act (FDA). however FDA may not be able to test all the cosmetic products that are produced locally in different countries and every country has its own body that does this, however these bodies may not be able to effectively give us reliable when it comes to which cosmetic products are safe and which ones are not, they are mostly manipulate by the governments who may at times become part of business that deal in these cosmetics hence making it difficult to get safety information from these bodies; this is true, we live in a man eat man society where brains are obsessed by pursuit of supernormal profits even if it costs lives. The truth however is bitter, some of the chemicals that are used in these cosmetics as ingredients are very toxic and can cause various cancers. Establishing this link has however been difficult due to the fact that most cosmetics are made from a cocktail of chemicals and not necessarily one chemical, another reason why it hasn’t been easy to be certain that cosmetics may cause cancer is that many products and ingredients have not been tested thoroughly. Even when ingredients in cosmetics have been tested, the results may not always be simple as always illustrated in the tests as the way chemical reacts in labs isn’t the same ways they will when absorbed. Though some ingredients are known to be dangerous in high concentrations, the amounts that are used in making of these cosmetics may be lower than the dangerous limits, hence may not reflect on what is found in studies. Also the way the ingredient is used in a cosmetic may be different from how it was used in the tests. Most tests have also failed to show which chemicals are absorbed in the body and how this happens therefore it hasn’t been easy to establish the link between cosmetics and breast cancer. However there are some ingredients that have been used in cosmetics that for a long time have been speculated as capable of causing breast cancer among other cancers. These chemicals include the following;


The most common forms of parabens includes; methylparaben, propylparaben, ethylparaben, and butylparaben. Parabens are chemicals commonly used as preservatives in many cosmetic products, including makeup, moisturizers, and hair care products, and shaving creams or gels. Parabens are commonly used as preservatives in cosmetics; however most of the known brands of antiperspirants and deodorants don’t contain parabens. Cosmetics that contain parabens may pose health threat as they penetrate the body and once in they mimic the activities of estrogen in the body. The parabens have the potential of turning on the growth of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancers. Parabens have been found in breast tissues of breast cancer patients and though this may not mean much, if the fact that it mimics estrogen hormone speaks volumes. We have always known that any chemical that causes disruption in the endocrine functions has a potential of causing cancer. However there is still lots of research that is needed to help us know the level of concentrations of estrogen is dangerous and can potentially cause breast cancer.


Cosmetic ProductsThese are commonly used to hold color and reduce brittleness in nail polish and hair spray. Apart from their use in nail polish, phthalates are also commonly used as a component of many personal care and cleaning product fragrances. Just like the parabens the Phthalates are a hormone disruptor. Unlike parabens however they don’t tend to mimic the functions of estrogen but they cause hormonal imbalance especially those that interact with estrogen such as testosterone. For these reasons any phthalates compound has attracted speculation as a potential cause of breast cancer. If you may decide to stay away from these two ingredients of cosmetics, check on ingredients of cosmetics on stores just to be at safer grounds.

Generally, there might be other chemicals that are endocrine disruptors; these are considered dangerous as they can mimic the functions of estrogens which are known to cause breast cancer. There is however controversy on whether exposure to small amounts of chemicals that mimic estrogen can cause breast cancer. As an individual it is better safe than sorry, so do as much as you can to evade these endocrine disruptors as their effects are obvious. At AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center we are committed to availing the best integrative approaches to treatment of cancer. Visit as at Myrtle Beach, South Carolina where Dr. Dalal Akoury (MD) will be of help.

Cosmetic Products that Cause Breast Cancer




Adrenal Fatigue and Fibromyalgia

Relating Adrenal Fatigue and Fibromyalgia

Adrenal fatigueThe adrenal glands play very crucial lives in our bodies. These glands are responsible for four major hormones; Adrenaline, Cortisol, DHEA-S, Aldosterone and Androgen. These hormones are charged with specific roles in our bodies. Both Adrenaline and Cortisol are your “flight or fight” hormones and are produced in response to stress. In particular, cortisol provides a short-term increase in blood sugar and blood pressure. By increasing the blood sugar and pressure it can be seen that the body will be empowered as it shall have enough energy to respond to any environmental stress. . When these stresses extend for a longer period of time, the Adrenal gland continues to pump out Adrenaline and Cortisol in response which will result in adrenal fatigue.

Signs and symptoms of adrenal fatigue

What is fibromyalgia?

Just like adrenal fatigue, fibromyalgia has been linked to exposure to stress. This disease is characterized by widespread muscle pain, joint stiffness, and fatigue. The condition is chronic but pain comes and goes and moves about the body. The cause of this disorder is unknown and therefore it is often misdiagnosed or unrecognized and is most of the times complicated by anxiety and mood disorders. The cause of fibromyalgia has been attributed to stress but again there is no research that has been done to prove that stress is the cause of fibromyalgia. The disease causes deep muscle pain but its cause is still unknown. Those suffering from fibromyalgia will suffer from lack of energy and will feel exhausted most of the time.

Typically, when a person is exposed to stress, the level of cortisol will be elevated so highly that its production will be maimed as the adrenal glands fatigue, and eventually become exhausted. When a person is exposed to high stress level there will be a decrease in DHEA levels with a rise in cortisol. The decrease in DHEA and rise in cortisol level will result in an increased ratio of cortisol to DHEA. As with most hormonal systems, there is a negative feedback loop that limits the production of each hormone once it hits its target level. The same occurs in the case of cortisol.

In case of prolonged stress when there is a feeling that the body is at risk and has to act in order to survive, the cortisol output will actually diminish the feedback response. This action is ultra what is expected in that instead of the feedback loop shutting down cortisol production when the levels get high, the body reacts by increasing its level even more. But since cortisol is the body’s primary anti-stress hormone, it will interpret a very high cortisol level as impending and life-threatening danger. In this situation, there is actually a blunting effect on the feedback loop allowing it to spin increasingly out of control. More cortisol will therefore be produced even though your body becomes increasingly resistant to its release. This is the way the body reacts in order to survive during high level of stress it is exposed to. However when this continues for quite a long time then the adrenal glands will become fatigued resulting to plethora of diseases

Are adrenal fatigue and fibromyalgia related?

To begin with these are diseases that until now are little understood. The researchers that have worked on either of the diseases have linked their cause to exposure to high stress levels. However this theory is yet to be proved. there is still little literature in this area of medicine and hope can only be held that in the near future researchers will come up with real causes of these two disorders or better yet come up with good explanations that these two disorders are caused by exposure to high stress levels as have been speculated. It’s only prudent to work with the basis that researchers have availed and by this said I mean that when accept the theory that these two disorders are caused by exposure to high stress then the link between the two is rather easy to find. the major reasons of the adrenal glands is to release hormones that are used in fighting stress therefore when your glands are not able to do that you become more prone to stress and therefore fibromyalgia. There have been theories that adrenal fatigue can cause fibromyalgia but such theories are baseless as these two diseases are seemingly caused by one factor; prolonged stress. However these two diseases share a common symptom which is fatigue. A person who is suffering from any of the diseases will most of the time be worn out.

Can adrenal fatigue and fibromyalgia be treated? 

Adrenal fatigueWhen it comes to treatment of these diseases, they seem to diverge. As opposed to adrenal fatigue, fibromyalgia is a complex disease that has no cure. There are some medicines that can be used to help you mitigate on the debilitating effects of the disease. As for adrenal fatigue there are many ways that it can be combated. There is a lifestyle change that when adopted then the condition can be healed and the adrenal gland be restored. Better diet that is free from gluten, sleeping well for at least seven hours a night and limiting caffeine and lots of exercises can help in treatment of adrenal fatigue.

The normal stress of everyday life affects people differently. Adrenal fatigue and fibromyalgia are two common diseases that occur when stressors overwhelm your ability to fight them off. At AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center we are committed to availing the best integrative approaches to treatment of diseases. Visit as at Myrtle Beach, South Carolina where Dr. Dalal Akoury (MD) will be of help.

Adrenal Fatigue and Fibromyalgia



Mitochondrial Rejuvenation

Fibromyalgia with IV NAD and Mitochondrial Rejuvenation

MitochondrialMitochondrial plays very crucial in the body. Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the body as it is where energy is made. They are organelles that take in nutrients, break them down, and create energy rich molecules for the cell. Many of the reactions involved in cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria. Mitochondria are the working organelles that keep the cell full of energy. Different cells have different amounts of energy. While there are cells that have no mitochondrion, the muscle cells need to have lots of these mitochondria as they need lots of energy to accomplish their functions. Neurons are also important in the body and they too need good amount of mitochondria to serve their purposes, however they do not need as much mitochondria as the muscle cells. These organelles are very vital in the cells as they generate energy which is the mostly utilized by the cells therefore any dysfunction within the mitochondria can cause serious problems such as fatigue which is a common symptom of those suffering from chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia. Recently researchers have been able to establish a link between mitochondrial dysfunction and fibromyalgia. Findings of researchers are pointing at mitochondrial dysfunction as a possible cause of fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread muscle pain, joint stiffness, and fatigue. The condition is chronic but pain comes and goes and moves about the body. The cause of this disorder is unknown and therefore it is often misdiagnosed or unrecognized and is most of the times complicated by anxiety and mood disorders. this is a common disorder that according to the American College of Rheumatology diagnosis criteria affects about 3-5% of women, most of whom are between ages 20 and 50, but only 0.5- 1.6% of men. This disease is more common in adults than in children but it affects women more than men. The exact cause of fibromyalgia isn’t yet known but researchers have been trying to join dots and come up with explanations to support the possible causes that they have come up with. Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the possible causes that have been stated by many researchers.

About 6 years ago, researchers showed that the muscles of fibromyalgia patients did not have adequate amounts of mitochondria. these researchers also noticed that even the shape of mitochondria in the muscle tissues of the fibromyalgia patients was irregular as compared to control subjects who were in the of the same age. However these findings were not explained and this prompted biologists from Spain known as Mario Cordero, Ph.D. and Placid Nava’s, Ph.D., to begin looking into an enzyme that is needed by the mitochondria: Co-Enzyme-Q10 (CoQ10). CoQ10 is an essential enzyme for detoxifying or neutralizing nasty waste products produced by the cells. The wastes that are produced by the cells are often reactive oxygen species since they react with and degrade anything that they come in contact with. Higher levels of reactive oxygen species have been found in patients with fibromyalgia and the higher levels tend to correspond to more pain. Just a year ago Cordero and Nava’s found that the CoQ10 content in the blood cells of fibromyalgia patients was 40 percent less than age-matched healthy control subjects. However, in the nutrient-rich liquid portion of the blood, the CoQ10 concentration for fibromyalgia patients was double that of the healthy controls. This imbalance in distribution of this enzyme has made Cordero and his team to do more research and establish the cause of this imbalance. These researchers noticed that the level of ROS was higher in fibromyalgia patients and this leads to programmed destruction of mitochondria.

When the levels of ROS are elevated it will lead to more tissue damage, nerve irritation. The imbalance in CoQ10 and loss of mitochondria could be linked to other symptoms that commonly occur in fibromyalgia. A reduction in mitochondria could lead to muscle weakness, more fatigue, and less ability to tolerate physical activities without flaring with more pain and exhaustion. This therefore means that if mitochondria can be rejuvenated then it can help in reducing the pain as well as support fibromyalgia treatment.

Rejuvenating Mitochondria with IV NAD

MitochondrialNAD is an abbreviation of Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. It is a coenzyme that is present in all living cells. The compound is a dinucleotide; this simply means that it consists of two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups. One nucleotide contains an adenine base and the other nicotinamide. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide exists in two forms, an oxidized and reduced form abbreviated as NAD+ and NADH respectively. The NAD and the NADH are crucial in the production of energy in the mitochondria. What happens after eating is that the vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins and fats from our diet provide the building blocks to our bodies. Energy that is produced from citric acid cycle makes NAD and links it to hydrogen forming NADH which enters the electron transport chain in the mitochondria and is sparked with oxygen which breaks the nutrients to give energy through oxidation. This energy enables the heart to beat sufficiently and enable muscle contraction providing cellular energy that is required by the body cells to function. In fibromyalgia patients the level of mitochondria is low plus they are deformed. when a patient is put through an IV NAD therapy the level of NAD in the body is going to be high hence will be utilized in making energy in the mitochondria and help quell fatigue. NAD is also known to remove toxins like ROS that accumulate in the cells leading to programmed mitochondrial damage.

Finally, Here at AWAREmed we advocate for good health and wellness and proclaim freedom from chains of diseases. Dr. Dalal Akoury is an experienced integrative doctor who has been helping patients suffering from different conditions to live positively. Visit us at Myrtle Beach, South Carolina for help.

Fibromyalgia with IV NAD and Mitochondrial Rejuvenation