Tag Archives: Brain Function


Drug addiction devastating brain disease today

Drug addiction devastating brain disease

Drug addiction devastating brain disease which is today raising serious health complications to all human beings

Drug addiction devastating brain disease today: The brain health risks

Talking about drug addiction, one cannot miss to associate the problem with the functions of the brain. Experts across the globe are all in agreement that drug addiction is causing serious health threats starting from the brain down to the other organs of the body. That is why we want to focus our discussion on ‘drug addiction devastating brain disease today” so that we can take the precautions in good time. Remember that this is a health matter and must be addressed professionally by medical doctors. To that effect we are going to be talking to doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center to help us understand the drug addiction devastating brain disease as it is.

From her mare decades of practice doctor Akoury says that the brain of any human being is a symbol of his whole life in totality. From the brain we are able to reason together, think and have all our five senses engaged to positive action. Without the brain proper health all information from the environment both from the outside and the inside cannot be processed. The outside information’s are those that are associated with the sense of sight, touch and smell while those of inside can be considered to be in relation to body temperature, heart rates, digestion and many more. According to the experts from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, any attack to any of the three parts of the brain can be very costly. Each of the three parts of the brain has specific and important roles to play. Drugs are the biggest enemies of the brain’s health and that is why it is important that we understand this topic drug addiction devastating brain disease today effectively.

Drug addiction devastating brain disease today: The three segments of the brain

Like we have mentioned drug addiction is the biggest enemy of the brain health. Any individual using drugs is at greater risk of having their brain being corrupted. And when this happens, it can interfere with the normal processing of information thereby altering altogether how well the brain works. Doctor Akoury says that for clear understanding of the devastating brain disease, it is important that we appreciate the functions and how drugs affects all the three parts of the brain as follows:

Limbic system

This coordinates all the brain structures responsible for the control of emotions. Like for instance big appetite, pleasures over delicacies. Such good feelings motivates users of drugs to keep using and eventually become addicted.

Brain stem

All the body organs that keep us healthy are coordinated from this point. Brain stem is responsible for all the body functions including breathing, blood flows, digestion besides linking the brain with the spinal cord running down the back moving muscles and limbs even as it communicates with the brain in understanding all that is happening to the body.

Cerebral cortex

This is considered to be the largest part of the brain with four segments:

The lobes – which control specific functions. Some areas process information from our senses, allowing us to see, feel, hear, and taste.

The front part of the cortex, known as the frontal cortex or forebrain, is the thinking center. It powers our ability to think, plan, solve problems, and make decisions.

From that briefing it is clear that the brain is delicate and therefore if you are struggling with substance abuse, then you need help and doctor Akoury is waiting to hear from you and she will be able to help you recover from all your addiction related complications.

Drug addiction devastating brain disease today: The brain health risks


Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function

Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function

Understanding Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function

Addictive behavior is a compulsion to repeat a rewarding non-drug related behavior repeatedly despite any consequences to the person’s physical, social, financial or mental well-being.  There are genetic factors involved here. The gene transcription factor known as ΔFosB has been identified as being one of the critical factors in the development of addictive states in both behavioral and drug related addictive behaviors.  Overexpression of this gene in the nucleus accumbens is both necessary and sufficient for the neural adaptations seen in addictive behaviors and drug addicts. A recent study suggested a cross-sensitization effect between drug-related behaviors and a natural reward which was mediated by ΔfosB. Besides this increased expression of  ΔfosB, there are many other similarities in the neurobiology of behavioral/drug addictions. 

One of the most important discoveries in the diagnosis and treatment of addictions is the recognition of the drug-based reinforcement and, more importantly, the reward based learning process. There are several structures within the brain that are important in the conditioning process of behavioral addiction. These are called sub-cortical structures.  These sub-cortical structures taken together are called the reward system.  This reward system is something that we all have—it is a necessary survival process, much like digestion. 

Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function

One system being subjected to major study is the amygdala.  The amygdala is a sub-cortical structure that is involved in emotional significance and associated learning.  Research shows that dopamine-sensitive projections from the ventral tegmental area make possible a motivational or learned association with a specific behavior. This means that dopamine neurons play a significant role in the learning and sustaining of many acquired behaviors. 

Three stages 

There are three stages to the dopamine reward system:

  • the initial burst of dopamine
  • triggering of behavior
  • further, impact on the behavior

This means that the most common result of dopamine-based learning is to create addictive properties associated with certain behaviors. The way it works is that once the brain is electrically stimulated (possibly through the addictive behavior), there is a burst of dopamine.  This burst of dopamine further triggers the behavior involved, which encourages these already-stimulated neurons to increase the stimuli.  Once the behavior is triggered, it is very difficult to work away from the dopamine reward system. 

The other side of this equation is the newly found idea that the human brain can anticipate rewards, and can be triggered by the brain’s early detectors of the reward, and can start triggering the behavior that starts the dopamine reward system.  In some cases, it may lead to issues due to error.  These errors can be used as teaching signals to create complex behavior tasks over time. 


At the time this article was written, the diagnostic models used do not have the necessary standards to identify behaviors as addictions in a clinical setting. Behavioral addictions have been proposed as a new class of diagnosis in the DM-5, but the only category included in this class is gambling addiction. Internet gaming addiction has been proposed in the appendix as a condition for further study, but this does not help in the diagnosis and treatment of other behavioral addictions such as sex addiction, or the various types of eating addictions. 

Behavioral addictions are sometimes called impulse-control disorders.  These disorders, which include gambling, consumption of alcohol, sex addiction (not limited to but including the use of pornography and sexual intercourse) eating disorders, use of computers and video games, use of the internet, shopping, exercise and stealing (shoplifting) are increasingly recognized as being treatable addictions.

Brain Function

 In August of 2011, the American Society of Addictive Medicine issued the statement that defined all addictions regarding brain changes.  Their statement read in part, “Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, memory, motivation, and related circuitry.”  This means that all addictions are potentially susceptible to treatment with pharmaceuticals.

 This is the first time that the American Society of Addictive Medicine has taken the position that substance abuse is not just about substance dependence.  It is about how the brain function of addicts differs from the brain function of non-addicts.  The emphasis here is not on the external factors that act on the reward system but on the system itself.  Food, sexual behaviors, shoplifting, and even chronic hair-pulling can all be linked to this “pathological pursuit of rewards” talked about in this new definition of addiction.

 The thing is, we all have this reward system.  It is a survival mechanism, creating the desire for things that offer satisfaction, like food and sex.  However, in a healthy person, there is a feedback system that limits our consumption.  In an addict, these feedback systems seem to either be absent or, in fact, dysfunctional to the point that instead of “enough” the addict wants “more”.  This is what leads to the unhealthy pursuit of these items. So anyone who has one addiction is vulnerable to others, but this also points to the possible development of effective treatment for addictions that have historically been hard to manage.

Understanding Behavioral Addiction and Brain Function


How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication: Why it is necessary to protect the brain

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication is one fact that cannot be ignored if any meaningful treatment is to be offered

Communication is very important in human life and it is the key to proper management of human systems whether the system is a group of family members, colleagues at work or in any other set up including as an individual. The body is actually no different and in fact in the absent of good communication our bodies will not function well. It will interest you to note that the brain is responsible for proper communication. Therefore if we want to understand addiction’s effect on the brain chemistry, it will be very important that we first appreciate how communication works. That is why we want to focus on the discussion of how addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication. We are going to rely on the expert opinion from doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center. According to the experts at this facility, all the five senses e.g. sight, smell, taste, sound and touch will collect and transmit information about our environment. On receipt the brain will process and analyze this information. It must be noted that even though the brain performs this huge task of processing and analyzing information, it does so by relying on simple electrochemical process for communication.

The brain’s communication system permits specific areas of the brain to rapidly interact with other brain regions. The brain achieves this communication through a vast, interconnected, network of specialized cells called neurons. Our brains have billions of these neuronal connections. These neuronal connections form the foundation for an electro-chemical communication system.

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication: Addiction Changes the Brain’s Chemistry

The composition of the brain is such that it has several sections or regions with each performing a distinctive role. All these sections communicate to each other for proper functionality of their specific roles. And besides the sections, the brain also must communicate to the rest of the body to coordinates the body’s systems like the digestive, cardiovascular and respiratory system among others. This can be illustrated well by taking the example of sports men and women. They must communicate to one another and coordinate as a team. That’s why the brain communication system is crucial for our health, well-being and the overall functioning. It is no wonder that when this communication system is altered, we are affected greatly. Doctor Akoury says that we are able to cope because the brain communication system is changing periodically and adapting to the new environments well. This way we are able to learn, remember and make adjustments to our changing circumstances. Drugs can easily alters this communication systems and therefore it is only fair that we appreciate how this communication system works so that we can understand some of the defining characteristics of addiction which may include cravings, withdrawals, compulsions, and the continued use of addictive substances and activities despite harmful consequences.

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication: The neurons

The neuron is the primary unit of communication within the brain. A single neuron is extremely tiny. Experts are estimating that there are over 100 billion neurons in the human brain. With that you can imagine just how complex and distinct your brain is from the person next to you. And because good communication is of two ways where we both listen (receive information) and at the same time we also speak (send information). The same is applicable to the brain’s communication system with the neurons having the ability to both send and receive communication signals. The dendrite is the portion of a neuron that typically receives information (listens) while the axon is portion of the neuron that sends out information (speaks).

Therefore when humans communicate with each other, we typically use words and gestures. The different parts of the brain communicate with each other using electrical signals. Neurons use electrical pulses to send their communication signals. These electrical impulses are called action potentials. When a neuron fires, the action potential travels down the neuron’s axon where it ends. At the end of the axon is the axon terminal or pre-synapse. In this area, special chemical messengers called neurotransmitters and neuromodulators lay in wait. These are stored in specialized capsules called vesicles. The action potential causes the release of these chemical messengers into an open space between one neuron’s axon and the next neurons’ dendrites. This open space is the synaptic cleft. At the other side of the synaptic cleft is the post synapse that is formed by the dendrites of connecting neurons. In the post synapse, there are special receptors that receive the neurotransmitters.

Receptors and neurotransmitters function in a way that is similar to a keyhole and key. Receptors are like keyholes and neurotransmitters are like the keys. When neurotransmitters fit into the receptors it is called binding. Once a neurotransmitter is bound to a receptor, the key turns the lock. Once the lock opens, it communicates with the receiving neuron’s dendrites. In the post synapse, there may be many different receptors (many different shaped keyholes). However, a particular neurotransmitter may be able to fit into (bind to) several different receptors types. This is similar to the way a single key can open several different locks. The particular receptor type determines the type of signal that is transmitted. Thus, the receptor type is often more critical to the communication than the particular neurotransmitter.

It may be easiest to visualize this communication as a single chain of events: First, a neuron sends an electrical impulse (action potential) down the axon. Next, the electrical impulse causes chemicals (neurotransmitters and neuromodulators) to be released into the space between two neurons. Then these chemicals can signal the next neuron to send an electrical impulse and so on. This electro-chemical process forms the brain’s communication system. In conclusion, it is evident that the functions of the brain in communication are very sensitive and any alteration caused by drugs addiction can have far reaching effects. Therefore before we get there, we must do all it takes to prevent or correct as soon as it is necessary. For this reason it will be prudent for you to schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury today for the commencement of your addiction recovery process. This is very important more so if the most sensitive organ of the body is involved. So waste no time and make that call now.

How addiction affects the brains chemistry on communication: Why it is necessary to protect the brain



Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain: Overcoming addiction and staying drug free

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain is very necessary to avoid being in serious health complications

Before any contaminant is associated with the brain, the brain is very free and effective in its functions as one of the most sensitive organs of the body. The functions of the brain are very precise and any infringement to them impacts negatively to the whole body and that is why we must guard it by all means. Take for instance the problem of drug addiction that involves cravings for something intensely, loss of control over its use, and continuing involvement with it despite adverse consequences. When one is addicted to any substance, this process normally causes serious changes in the brain by subverting the way it registers pleasure and then it graduates by corrupting other normal drives like learning and motivation. This is what we must not allow by all means and that is why we want to engage the experts’ opinion in understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain functions. Doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center are going to be very helpful in shading some light about all these concerns. But before we get into that let us first start by introducing what really causes addiction.

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain: What causes addiction?

It will interest you to note that this word addiction actually originated from a Latin word meaning enslaved by or bound to. You may not understand what it feels like to be addicted to a substance until you are addicted to it or if you are caring for someone who is struggling with the problem of addiction. Doctor Akoury says that addiction impacts powerfully and influences the brain functions in three distinctive ways that is to say; by craving for the object of addiction, loss of control over its use, and continuing involvement with it despite dangerous and harmful consequences.

For a very long time now, experts believed that only alcohol and powerful drugs could cause addiction. Nonetheless new neuroimaging technologies and more recent research have shown that certain pleasurable activities besides the known drugs both hard and soft, such as gambling, shopping, and sex, can also co-opt the brain. So whenever you are talking about addiction, you must not narrow your augment on drugs alone. From our previous article we mention something about a standard U.S. diagnostic manual (the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition or DSM-IV) that describes multiple addictions with each tied to a specific substance or activity, experts across the globe are building consensus that these may represent multiple expressions of a common underlying brain process. To that effect it would be very important that we all seek for medical attention immediately we suspect something in our health. You can actually schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury today for a more in-depth analysis of your situation with a view of finding lasting solutions that will leave health and comfortable.

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain: The Future of Integrative Addiction

The effects of addiction to the brain is very sensitive and unless we pool together to find lasting solutions, we may be time bad. This rush against time is what doctor Dalal Akoury is trying to deal with from all avenues. Like we had indicated above that doctor Akoury founded a health facility to primarily help the direct victims of drug addiction. This facility is doing a phenomenon job to the community and even to the professionals caring for the addicts. Like for instance AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, which is one of the leading pioneers in natural and holistic addiction treatment, will be conducting the first ever Educational, Functional and Integrative Addiction conference for doctors, counselors, nurses and addiction therapists. The conference is actually scheduled for August 23-25 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. This new frontier in Addiction Medicine will be conducted by the most influential group of leading visionaries specializing in the latest advances in natural and integrative addiction medicine, under the theme “The Future of Integrative Addiction”.

It is important to appreciate that this Integrative Addiction Conference 2015 mission is to provide prevention education, awareness, options and support to patients and physicians dealing with addiction. It is also tailored at empowering physicians to be involved in determining their personal “best answer for addiction” and promoting physician/patient awareness of a natural, yet profoundly effective, addiction treatment options that result in you “thriving while surviving” during treatment and recovery. Integrative Addiction Conference 2015 will cover topics such as addiction as a holistic body ecosystem derangement, the interaction between stress, survivorship, pain and addiction, the role of hormonal imbalance in the disease of addiction, the genetic and epigenetic influences on the disease of addiction, psycho neuroendocrine immune restoration essential to reverse addiction as well as new and future therapies in the horizon for addiction treatment including stem therapy for psycho neuroendocrine immune restoration. This is one educative occasion you cannot afford to miss and for more information about the conference you can login to www.integrativeaddiction2015.com or email sharon@integrativeaddiction2015.com. You can also call the event organizer directly Sharon Phillips on telephone number 954 540 1896 and you will be attended to with dignity.

In the meantime let me take this earliest opportunity to officially invite you to this conference as the lead speaker of the three day conference. And just to pre-empt of what to expect as the keynote speaker, Dalal Akoury, MD will be discussing The Hijacked Mind: How does it get there and how does is leave? Sean Devlin, DO, HMD, will be focusing on “How to Recognize Addiction: Emergency care room and Addiction. Preliminary diagnostics and coping with life-saving measures when patients have overdose on substances of abuse/alcohol and drugs. I can tell you for sure that this will be the turning point for all of us in the addiction industry so that we can even deliver better to our client. We must defeat this common enemy called addiction. So let me see you at the conference.

Understanding how addiction is hijacking the brain: Overcoming addiction and staying drug free