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Brain pleasurable principle and drug addiction

Brain pleasurable principle

Brain pleasurable principle and drug addiction and when the brain needs to be protected the most

Brain pleasurable principle and drug addiction: Neurotransmitter 

One of the functions of the brain is to registers all pleasures as they happen and in the same way, irrespective of their origin. That is whether they are associated with a psychoactive drug, a monetary reward, a sexual encounter, or a satisfying meal. The fact is in the brain pleasurable priniciple has a distinct role which is the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, a cluster of nerve cells lying underneath the cerebral cortex. Dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens is so consistently tied with pleasure that neuroscientists refer to the region as the brain’s pleasure center.

All drugs of abuse, from nicotine to heroin, cause a particularly powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. The likelihood that the use of a drug or participation in a rewarding activity will lead to addiction is directly linked to the speed with which it promotes dopamine release, the intensity of that release, and the reliability of that release. Therefore addictive drugs provide a shortcut to the brain’s reward system by flooding the nucleus accumbens with dopamine. The hippocampus lays down memories of this rapid sense of satisfaction, and the amygdala creates a conditioned response to certain stimuli.

Brain pleasurable principle and drug addiction: Learning the process

Previously it was believed that an experience of pleasure alone was enough to compel people in to consistent seeking of addictive elements or activities. However new research findings indicates that the situation may be more complicated. This is because dopamine’s are not only responsible for the experience of pleasure but are also playing a role in learning and memory which are the two key elements in the transition from liking something to being addicted to it. Currently the philosophy about addiction is that dopamine interacts with another neurotransmitter, glutamate to take over the brains system of reward related learning. Remember that this system has an important role in sustaining life because it links activities needed for human survival (such as eating and sex) with pleasure and reward.

Finally, it may interest you to note that the reward circuit in the brain may include areas involved with motivation and memory as well as with pleasure. Addictive substances and behaviors stimulate the same circuit and then overload it. And therefore repeated misuse of any addictive substances or behavior will cause nerve cells in the nucleus accumbens and the prefrontal cortex (the area of the brain involved in planning and executing tasks) to communicate in a way that couples liking something with wanting it, in turn driving us to go after it. That is, this process motivates us to take action to seek out the source of pleasure. This can be very unhealthy more so if the source of pleasure is drugs. Many often run to drugs for pleasure and as such, the prevalence of drug abuse is on the rise. We can choose individually and collectively to correct this by scheduling for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury MD, who is a veteran addiction expert and also the founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center for help today.

Brain pleasurable principle and drug addiction: Neurotransmitter 

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Understanding marijuana effects on social life

Understanding marijuana effects

Understanding marijuana effects on social life mark the beginning of any meaningful healing process

Understanding marijuana effects on social life: What you can avoid by abstaining?

Understanding marijuana effects on social life is very important if we are to keep safe from all the harms of marijuana addiction. Doctor Akoury is very categorical that when the brain fails in its functions, the social nature of human being cease. Marijuana has a way of altering the good health of the brain and this intern impacts seriously on the social life of the affected individual. You need your social life intact to be able to feel good and move around with your daily scores. This need can be taken away from you in a second thanks to the use of marijuana and other substances.

Realizing that many people were living in abject pain from all kinds of addiction and without understanding marijuana effects on their social life, doctor Dalal Akoury made a decision to create a medical center (AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center) whose main objective is to transform each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. Doctor Akoury reiterates that for any meaningful healing to take effect, the victims must be knowledgeable of what they are entering into. Understanding marijuana effects for instance is the starting point to complete and total recovery. Doctor Akoury and her team of medical experts can be of help to you if only you can seek for an appointment with them today. Your health should come first and that is what AWAREmed health and Wellness Resource Center prioritize. The following are some of the effects marijuana can heave on your social life:

Understanding marijuana effects on social life: Weak academic performance

Because of the impairment of the brain as a result of marijuana use, bright student can deteriorate in their academic excellence compared to their colleagues who are not using marijuana. It is worth noting that the effects of marijuana alters student’s alertness, memory, and learning and this can last for days or weeks. These effects have a negative impact on learning and motivation.

Understanding marijuana effects on social life: Impaired driving

It is unsafe to drive while under the influence of marijuana. Marijuana affects a number of skills required for safe driving like for instance; alertness, concentration, coordination, and reaction time. This therefore makes it unsafe to drive high or to ride with someone who’s been smoking. Marijuana makes it hard to judge distances and react to signals and sounds on the road. Marijuana is the most common illegal drug involved in auto fatalities. And combining marijuana with drinking even a small amount of alcohol greatly increases driving danger, more than either drug alone.

Ours is to make you have your life back and live it to the fullest. It will interest you to note that Dr. Akoury’s practice focuses on personalized medicine through healthy lifestyle choices that deal with primary prevention and underlying causes instead of patching up symptoms. You can reach out for help by calling us on telephone number 843 213 1480 and we will professionally help you regain your social life back.

Understanding marijuana effects on social life: What you can avoid by abstaining?

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Withdrawal

Brain structures impairment prompted by addiction

Brain structures impairment prompted by addiction: The cerebral cortex

Brain structures

Brain structures impairment caused by drug addiction and misuse of alcohol

It is said that life stop the moment the brain stops functioning. The brain is therefore a very sensitive organ in the body that needs to be natured well for it to operate optimally. As we progress into the discussion, it is important to note that the brain is composed of many different parts otherwise known as regions and structures. Therefore the brain structures and regions main role is that of transmitting effective communications to various parts of the body. The transmission of communication enables the various regions and brain structures to coordinate their activities effectively say’s Doctor Dalal Akoury. Each of these regions and structures are independent and serves different purposes. One of the biggest enemies to these regions and structures is the problem of misuse of alcohol and drug addiction. This condition can alter these regions and structures.

Besides that, addictions can also alter the way brain regions function. And for that reason as we progress into this discussion, we are going to discuss the regions and structures which are affected by the addictive process. It is therefore very important to appreciate that complications of addiction can change the brain structures and their functions in very many ways. And for us to get these facts accurately, we are going to be speaking to the expert from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury to help us in reviewing the brain’s role in some of the commonly observed problems associated with addiction which may include the following: Drug-seeking and cravings, Habit formation, craving, withdrawal effects, and relapse triggers, Impaired decision-making, impulsivity, and compulsivity and Stress control and withdrawal.

Impaired Decision-making, Impulsivity, and Compulsivity

The cerebral cortex is the outer most layer of the brain. The cerebral cortex is further divided into four areas. These four areas are: the frontal lobe (or frontal cortex), parietal lobes (left and right), temporal lobes (left and right), and occipital lobes (left and right). Each area is associated with certain brain functions: One area of the frontal cortex is called the prefrontal cortex. It has a vital role in higher-order functions. These functions include language, spatial learning, conscious thought, judgment, and decision-making. The process of addiction can negatively affect this area and alter its proper functionalities.

 The prefrontal cortex

This enables us to make rational, sound decisions. It also helps us to override impulsive urges. If acted upon, these impulses urges can cause us to act without thinking. This is usually not in our best interest. For instance, suppose I’ve had a bad day at work. I may have an impulsive urge to tell my boss exactly what I think of her. To act on this impulse is not in my best interest. Fortunately, my prefrontal cortex is functioning quite well. I still have my job!

Obviously, this ability to inhibit impulses is very helpful. It enables us to function well in society. It protects us from harm by allowing us to consider the consequences of our actions. However, when the pre-frontal cortex is not functioning correctly, the opposite occurs. Addiction causes changes to the prefrontal cortex. These changes account for two characteristics of addiction: impulsivity and compulsivity.

Impulsivity is the inclination to act upon sudden urges or desires without considering potential consequences. Sometimes people describe impulsivity as living in the present moment without regard to the future. On the other hand, compulsivity is a behavior that an individual feels driven to perform to relieve anxiety. Once a person performs the compulsive behavior, the anxiety goes away and restores comfort. Thus, the presence of these behavioral characteristics in addicted persons indicates that changes to the prefrontal cortex have occurred. Unfortunately, these changes also make the discontinuation of drug use more difficult.

When we talk of addiction changes brain structure and their functions, the message being delivered is that an addiction is a process that coordinates the transition from impulsive to compulsive behavior. Impulsivity occurs during the early stages of addiction. During this phase, people impulsively act on powerful urges to experience the pleasure of their addiction. Anxiety is not associated with the urges during these early stages. Instead, addiction reflects acting on impulsive desire to receive immediate pleasure from the drug or activity. People are not considering the future consequences.

Brain structures impairment prompted by addiction: Shifting progress of addiction

As addiction progresses a shift begins to occur. At this point, the compulsive aspect of addiction takes hold. When this shift occurs, people are no longer pursuing their addiction solely for pleasure. The compulsions compel them to participate in their addiction to relieve anxious, uncomfortable feelings. These may arise at the mere thought of stopping the addiction for any reason. At this later compulsive stage, “pleasure” comes in the form of relief from these anxious, uncomfortable feelings. Thus, despite the negative consequences of addiction, the addictive behavior continues in a compulsive manner.

Another way to describe the pre-frontal cortex is to think of it as a braking system. The pre-frontal cortex acts as the brain’s brakes. It sends out signals to inhibit particular behaviors or actions. When addiction damages this brain area, it limits the brain’s ability to control other behavioral systems as well. Imagine how difficult it would be to operate a car without brakes. At this point, we might say the brain is “high-jacked” by the addiction. The prefrontal cortex also projects to other brain regions associated with addictive problems. These include the reward system; memory and emotion; and stress regulation centers of the brain. Therefore, damage to the prefrontal cortex may further interfere with the functioning of these other brain regions as well.

Although addiction damages the brain’s brakes (pre-frontal cortex) this is not to say there is a complete loss of control. We are not slaves to our biology. We have a tremendous amount of control over our actions. This is true even when impulsive and compulsive forces are operating. This recognition is vitally important if someone wishes to recover from addiction. When a person consciously decides the costs of addiction outweigh its benefits, they become motivated and are able to stop. This allows them to actively counter the effects of addiction on the frontal cortex and other brain regions. Therefore if this description suits your situation, then you are in the right path and calling doctor Akoury today will go a long way in helping you solve all the addiction problems you may be struggling with.

Brain structures impairment prompted by addiction: Cerebral Cortex

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