Pagets disease diagnosis: The genesis treating breast cancer
Anything that makes you vulnerable to breast cancer is an enemy to your health and must be addressed professionally. Cancer is a life threating health condition that you don’t want to associate with. Like with all types of cancer Pagets disease diagnosis must be done early. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, before the diagnosis, there are certain tests to be done for the purpose of evaluating the patient’s condition. Such tests include:
Pagets disease diagnosis: Clinical breast exam and physical exam
During this exam, the doctor will physically check for any unusual areas in both breasts, noting the appearance of the skin on and around your nipples and feeling for any lumps or areas of thickening.
A mammogram is an X-ray exam of done on the breast tissue. It may indicate whether the nipple and skin changes are linked to an underlying breast cancer, as is usually the case in Paget’s disease of the breast. In the event that the results from mammography conducted in both fails to effectively reveal any signs of breast cancer, a further test of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be applied. This is done to help in detecting any cancer that’s not able to be seen on a mammogram.
Pagets disease diagnosis: Breast biopsy
A biopsy is done by the doctor where he or she remove a small sample of breast tissue from the skin of your nipple for further examination under a microscope in a laboratory. Where a patient has some nipple discharge, a sample of the discharge might also be collected.
Alongside with that, if a patient has some lumps in the breast, a biopsy of that tissue will also be done. If the test reveals any cancer cells from the samples collected, the doctor may choose to refer the patient to a breast surgeon to discuss treatment options.
Pagets disease diagnosis: Sentinel lymph node biopsy
If you have invasive breast cancer, the lymph nodes under your arm (axillary lymph nodes) need to be checked to see if the cancer has spread to this area. This can be done in a procedure known as a sentinel lymph node biopsy.
During the biopsy, your surgeon locates the sentinel nodes the first lymph nodes to receive the drainage from breast tumors and therefore the first place cancer cells will travel. If a sentinel node is removed, examined and found to be normal, the chance of finding cancer in any of the remaining nodes is small and no other nodes need to be removed.