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Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC is very essential for proper and lasting treatment solution

Most lung cancer patients are struggling with NSCLC. Although it’s serious problem the world over, treatment can reduce its effects from worsening. There are several things patients can do to feel more comfortable. People who smoke or who breathe a lot of smoke are most likely to get NSCLC. And to diagnose this, the doctor will ask the patient questions like:

  • When did you first notice problems?
  • How have you been feeling?
  • Has anyone in your family had lung cancer before?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or worse?
  • Are you smoking or you were but quitted?
  • Are you coughing or wheezing?

Besides the questioning, the doctor may want to run some tests and a physical exam. Such tests may include:

Diagnosing NSCLC

: Imaging tests

Imaging tests is essential in finding the tumors inside lungs. They can also show whether the cancer has spread.

  • X-rays use low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, shows blood flow, organs, and structures.
  • Ultrasound creates a picture by bouncing sound waves off tissues inside you.
  • PET scans use a radioactive compound or tracer that collects where your cells are very active.
  • CT scans are powerful X-rays that make detailed pictures of the tissue and the blood vessels in the lung.

Sputum cytology is a lab test that checks the mucus you cough up for cancer cells.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Fine-needle aspiration

A fine needle aspiration biopsy takes cells from an abnormal growth or the fluid in your lungs. Where the doctor wants to examine inside your lungs and chest this is helpful using a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny camera. He may also take samples of tissue, including from nearby lymph nodes, to check for cancer cells. This can be done in different ways like:

  • Bronchoscopy goes through your nose or mouth and into your lungs.
  • Endobronchial ultrasound uses bronchoscopy with an ultrasound placed at the tip of the tube to look at lymph nodes and other structures.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is like the endobronchial ultrasound, but your doctor puts the endoscope down your throat into the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopy uses a few small cuts along your side to look at the outside of your lung and the tissue around it.
  • Mediastinoscopy makes a small cut just above your breastbone, in the space between your lungs.

Based on what your doctor finds, he’ll assign a stage, describing where the cancer is. That will help your medical team figure out the best treatment for you. You’ll want to know what each stage means:

  • Occult stage: “Occult” means “hidden.” Cancer cells are in lung fluid or sputum, but the doctor can’t find where the cancer is in your lungs.
  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are in the lining of your airways.
  • Stage I: A small tumor is in only one lung. The cancer hasn’t spread to lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: A larger tumor is in one lung, or the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer in one lung has spread to farther lymph nodes or into nearby structures.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid around the lungs, or to other parts of the body, such as the brain and liver.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

 

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Lung cancer symptoms

Lung cancer symptoms: What you need to know 

Lung cancer symptoms

Lung cancer symptoms when noticed need urgent attention

Lung cancer symptoms are not very common at the very beginning of cancer formation. It therefore, means that when signs and symptoms begins to manifest, chances are that the disease in progressively growing or advancing to more disturbing stages. It is ironical that while many are struggling with the disease today, it is something that can easily be prevented. Just by keeping distance to cigarette smoking is a step in the right direction. And remember that, to be safe, you must also avoid inhaling the second hand smoke from smokers. This is very important and as doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center puts it, when finally the signs and symptoms of the disease start to appear, they will be many include:

  • Worsening shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Swelling of the neck and face
  • Sudden changes in a cough that you’ve had for a long time
  • Respiratory infections that keep coming back, including bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Pain and weakness in the shoulder, arm, or hand
  • Hoarseness
  • Fatigue, weakness, loss of weight and appetite, fever that comes and goes, severe headaches, and body pain
  • Endless chest pain
  • Continuing, hacking, raspy coughing, sometimes with mucus stained with spots of blood

These problems usually happen because of blocked breathing passages or because the cancer has spread farther into the lung, nearby areas, or other parts of the body. When we allude to the fact that prevention is better than cure, it needs to be taken seriously. Therefore, when you notice any of the listed signs and symptoms above, timely action must be taken. Remember that these could be an indication of the lung disease. Having mentioned that these signs will most like come later in the development of the problem, when signs like an ongoing cough, blood-streaked mucus, wheezing, hoarseness, or a lung infection that keeps coming back appears, seek medical attention immediately. The doctor will run several tests including an X- ray to determine whether it is lung cancer forming. And when confirmed, treatment will start immediately.

Lung cancer symptoms: How common is lung cancer?

Studies have suggested that lung cancer is responsible for the most cancer-related deaths for both men and women across the globe. According to the American Cancer Society, they’ve estimated that 228,190 new cases of lung cancer in the U.S. were diagnosed and 159,480 deaths due to lung cancer occurred in 2013 alone. They have also established that lung cancer was not as common before in the 1930s, but has increased dramatically over time following decades of tobacco smoking increased. In many developing countries, the incidence of lung cancer is beginning to fall because of education about the dangers of cigarette smoking and effective smoking cessation programs. Nevertheless, lung cancer remains the most common form of cancer in men worldwide and the fifth most common form of cancer in women the finding states.

Lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer in causing the most cancer-related deaths in women in the United States. It means that the sooner we pool together in fighting this the better for all of us. You can call us today at AWAREmed health center for all your concerns and will address them professionally.

Lung cancer symptoms: What you need to know

 

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Distressful cancer treatment period

Distressful cancer treatment

Distressful cancer treatment period alongside tolerance can cause jittery in the treatment process

Distressful cancer treatment period: Cancer surgery

The distressful cancer treatment period can be very disturbing. Like for instance the waiting for surgery is another time of major concern. People often worry about the operation itself, but also about whether the cancer is growing while they wait. Fears about the changes that surgery will cause can be a major source of distress, too. Then there are concerns about work and home life and how they may change. Insurance and financial issues often add to the worries. For some people, one of the hardest times is after cancer treatment. Rather than feeling happy that treatment is over, they feel even greater distress. One patient put it this way: “I’m on my own now and I’m just waiting to see what will happen next.” From that statement you notice that this patient is very distress even though treatment has been concluded.

Seeing the oncologist (cancer doctor) after treatment can feel quite scary. Nearly everyone has some fear the cancer will come back (recur). This is normal, too. “Every time I have aches and pains, I’m convinced it’s the cancer coming back even if it’s a pain in my big toe,” one patient said.

Distressful cancer treatment period: Everything about cancer is stressful

Dealing with the side effects of treatment such as tiredness (fatigue), hair loss, weight changes, and how disrupted your life seems is also stressful. In fact, everything about having cancer is stressful. Being upset and worried are part of it, so a certain amount of distress is expected when you find you have cancer. But sometimes distress can go from the expected level to one that interferes with your treatment, makes it hard for you to cope with the illness, and affects all parts of your life.

It’s not a sign of weakness that you become so distressed that it interferes with your ability to do your usual activities. When you visit us at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, our team of experts will explain for you the range of distress from what is considered normal to very high and offer some ideas about how to handle your feelings in ways that will be helpful. The very first thing you need to do in coping with distress is consulting with your doctors and cancer support team. Talking to them about how you feel will make you feel much safer. Their purpose is to help you get better and if they notice something that needs to be addressed, then they will direct you to the help you need. Remember that these people are only here to help you not just for the cancer treatment, but they are also counting on you to tell them how you are doing and what you are feeling. This is one assignment that you are the only one that can do and no one else.

Finally when addressing distress of cancer patients, the scope is not just limited to them but it is also applies to their loved ones. These people are a strong source of support, and their well-being is important, too in the delivery of successful treatment. Therefore if you are a loved one and feel distressed, it’s OK to let the cancer care team knows that you need help. You can also schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for much more professional assistance.

Distressful cancer treatment period: Cancer surgery

 

 

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