Tag Archives: Coca and cocaine

cocaine-addiction1

Cocaine misuse dynamics

Cocaine misuse dynamics

Cocaine misuse dynamics.The point is, it may not matter how it’s administered, the effects remain the same

Cocaine misuse dynamics: Effects of using cocaine

I believe this is not the first time you are hearing of cocaine misuse dynamics. Cocaine is very dangerous and addictive. Though illegal cocaine usage dynamics is not new to us as it is almost readily available on the streets and can easily be accessed by those who need it. And just like we have mentioned, experts from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the leadership of Doctor Dalal Akoury reiterates that cocaine is a powerful and addictive stimulant drug. It is normally extracted from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. The cocaine extracts normally come in two forms e.g. powder and crack.

Cocaine misuse dynamics: Powder cocaine

This is a white powder and scientifically known as the hydrochloride salt. Because it is an illegal substance, it is mainly smuggled in the streets and the street dealers often mix it with other substances like cornstarch, talcum powder, or sugar. Besides that, for it to serve its purpose effectively, street dealers also mix cocaine with active drugs like procaine. Remember that procaine is a chemical that produces local anesthesia. Why do they need this ingredient? It is because a local anesthetic causes one not to feel pain in a specific area of the body. This is helpful to their final consumers who may suffer signs of withdrawal symptoms and this chemical will be able to address that effect. The powder cocaine can also be mixed with other stimulants like amphetamines.

When cocaine is in powder form it can only be administered into the body either through snorting or injection. For it to be injected the powder needs to be mixed with water and the solution injected using a needle.

Cocaine misuse dynamics: Crack

Crack cocaine comes after processing. It is the final product of the powder cocaine mixed with ammonia and sometimes mixed with soda and water. This mixture is then heated to produce the cocaine crystals. It is the crystals that are being smoked by users as the final product. And if you are wondering of where the name crack came from, every time crack cocaine is subjected to some heat, it normally produces some cracking sound from the burning rocks or crystals. It is from that experience that the term crack is derived.

Now that we have the final product, who is it administered into the body? Doctor Akoury says that crack cocaine is administered into the body through smoking normally using a small glass pipe. The process is simple as the crystal is heated to produce vapors that are absorbed into the blood through the lungs.

Finally, whichever method of administration used, the effects of cocaine will still be negative to the body. In most cases, users keep using more and more of the drug to keep the high experience. This can be very dangerous and corrective measures needs to be taken. If you or anyone you know is struggling with cocaine addiction, you can call doctor Akoury today and book an appointment with her for the commencement of your recovery process.

Cocaine misuse dynamics: Effects of using cocaine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedin
Brain and addiction

Cocaine emergency treatment

Cocaine emergency treatment

Cocaine emergency treatment must be done professionally to save life

Cocaine emergency treatment: The ruins of human health

Ignorance is the greatest disease many are suffering from. Many haven’t acknowledged how cocaine and other drug abuse ruins their health. To help us understand, we spoke to doctor Dalal Akoury MD President and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center. She begins by addressing the various organs directly affected by cocaine abuse as follows. One of the most common reasons for requiring cocaine emergency treatment is the enormous tightening of blood vessels, in the coronary arteries and the rest of the body. Cocaine deprives the heart of its normal blood supply, increasing the risk of a heart attack or a heart rhythm disturbance which might cause the user to drop dead suddenly.

Cocaine emergency treatment: The heart, blood pressure/vessels

Consistent use of cocaine causes massive stresses on the blood vessels in the coronary arteries and the rest of the body. This leads to a build- up of cholesterol in the walls of arteries, especially the coronary arteries. Cocaine releases massive amounts of noradrenaline from the nerve endings, which causes blood vessels right through the body to narrow. This leads to a major surge in blood pressure. To the onlooker, the user looks pale and staring, but there may be no other outward signs of the enormous rise in blood pressure. This may still cause a heart attack. The heart aorta is very vulnerable to cocaine abuse. A surge in blood pressure following cocaine use forces the blood between the inner and outer casings of the aorta and each time the heart pumps this false passage becomes longer and more liable to block off a branch vessel or to burst, with the possibility of fatal results.

Cocaine emergency treatment: Brain and the nose

Cocaine use can lead to a bulging weakness in the wall of a branch point of the arteries in the brain known as a berry aneurysm. Eventually, this aneurysm bursts and blood pouring out of the leak is known as a subarachnoid hemorrhage. If not corrected, it can cause major damage to the brain. This damage can be permanent leading to difficulties in thought, speech, sight and movement. Cocaine powder is ‘snorted’ into the nostrils, and although it is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, the drug also causes the blood vessels in the lining of the nose passages to shrink. Shortly after use, the blood vessels widen again, and the red, runny stuffed-up nose of the recent user can be a telltale sign.

Cocaine emergency treatment: Skin

During treatment, some people may experience some unfriendly crawling feelings beneath the skin as they are withdrawing from cocaine. They may describe cocaine bugs as biting, creeping, burning or itching, and may scratch their skin until it bleeds. Although this sensation can be treated to some extent by tranquilizer type drugs, in most cases the user has to wait until it settles down and goes away of its own accord.

Finally, cocaine is not any drug you would want to flow in your system. It is highly addictive and life threatening. If you are struggling with this drug, you may have noticed that from this article, very vital organs of the body are all affected by this drug. Your health cannot be compared with anything. You must make a U-turn to redeem your life back. Doctor Dalal Akoury will help in every step of the way. All you need to do is to schedule an appointment with her today.

Cocaine emergency treatment: The ruins of human health

 

 

 

 

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedin
Brain and addiction

Crack cocaine harmful effects

Crack cocaine harmful

Crack cocaine harmful effects does not discriminate so long as one is using the substance

Crack cocaine harmful effects: Drug addiction

The once peaceful streets we used to know have turned into drug dens with dangerous and intoxicated criminals. Sobriety and good health are becoming elusive thanks to drug addiction in our communities. With all the dangers attached, many are still sinking into drugs each passing day. We spoke to doctor Dalal Akoury MD, who is a veteran addiction over this and she is going to help us understand how crack cocaine harmful effects is destroying the fabric of our societies. Drug addiction is one of the most dreaded conditions reversing the health of many. There are so many drugs being abused today however for our discussion we will remain focus on cocaine and revealing how it affect the addicted individuals and the general public. We will approach it in two segments that are:

  1. Short term effects
  2. Long term effects

Crack cocaine harmful effects: Short term effects of crack cocaine

  • Crack cocaine will temporarily lift your spirit as an addict but this feeling when the concentration dies off in your blood stream the addict experiences extreme depression and craves for more of the substance.
  • Individuals addicted to crack cocaine normally skip meals and often don’t have enough sleep.
  • They also experience high heart rate, muscle spasms, convulsion etc.
  • This drug can make users feel obsessed, irritated, unfriendly and nervous even when they are not high.
  • The risks of experiencing the heart attack, suffer a stroke, seizure or respiratory failure are systematic with crack cocaine users irrespective of quantity used. These can be fatal killing the individual.
  • Smoking crack further presents a series of health risks. Crack is often mixed with other substances that create toxic fumes when burned. As crack smoke does not remain potent for long, crack pipes are generally very short. This often causes cracked and blistered lips, known as “crack lip,” from users having a very hot pipe pressed against their lips.

Crack cocaine harmful effects: Long-term effects of crack cocaine

Besides the common dangers related to cocaine use, addicts are likely to suffer respiratory complications, alongside coughing, shortness of breath bleeding and lung damage. Long-term effects from use of crack cocaine include:

  • It causes severe damage to the heart, liver, and kidneys. Users are more likely to have infectious diseases.
  • Continued daily use causes sleep deprivation and loss of appetite, resulting in malnutrition.
  • Smoking crack cocaine also can cause aggressive and paranoid behavior.
  • Since crack cocaine also interferes with the way the brain processes chemicals, one needs large quantities of the drug just to feel “normal.”
  • Those who become addicted to crack cocaine lose interest in other areas of life.
  • Crack cocaine causes depression and when this becomes intensified, the addict can do anything to get the supply. They can be very extreme even to the point of committing murder. If for whatever reason the supply is not fourth coming, depression can drive the addict to the wall of suicide.

 

Physical and Mental effects: Short-term

Because it is smoked, the short-term effects of crack cocaine are more immediate and more intense than of powdered cocaine as discussed below:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
  • Contracted blood vessels
  • Increased rate of breathing
  • Dilated pupils
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Nausea
  • Hyperstimulation
  • Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
  • Hallucinations, hyperexcitability, irritability
  • Tactile hallucination that creates the illusion of bugs burrowing under the skin
  • Intense euphoria
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Depression
  • Intense drug craving
  • Panic and psychosis
  • Convulsions, seizures and sudden death from high doses (even one time)

With all these effects, you can only seek help from the professionals at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center by scheduling and appointment for you to have a one on one discussion with the experts on the best treatment approach.

Crack cocaine harmful effects: Drug addiction

http://www.awaremednetwork.com/

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedin
help-in-overcoming-cocaine-addiction

Understanding cocaine and crack cocaine drugs

Understanding cocaine

Understanding cocaine and crack cocaine drugs as addictive stimulant with serious health implications

Understanding cocaine and crack cocaine drugs: Power in the powder

For a better understanding of drug addiction, it would be important to know the mode of administration of these drugs into the body and any safety in doing so. Because of that, we want to focus on the topic “understanding cocaine and crack cocaine” progressively. This is not going to be the first time we are doing this, but it is still important that people get to know the dangers of using cocaine and other drugs as well. Ordinarily cocaine can be taken orally by snorting it through the nose, injected with a syringe or in the case of crack, through inhalation of the fumes from heating it. The terms used to describe ingestion include chewing, snorting, mainlining which is the injection into a large vein and smoking. By definition, the word cocaine refers to the drug in a powder form and a crystal form (crack). It is made from the coca plant and, next to methamphetamine, creates the greatest psychological dependence of any drug.

Short-term Effects

Cocaine causes a short-lived intense high that is immediately followed by the opposite—intense feelings of depression and edginess and a craving for more of the drug. People who use it often don’t eat or sleep properly. They can experience greatly increased heart rate, muscle spasms and convulsions. The drug can make people feel paranoid, angry, hostile and anxious, even when they aren’t high.

Long-term Effects

In addition to those effects already mentioned, cocaine can cause irritability, mood disturbances, restlessness, paranoia and auditory (hearing) hallucinations. Tolerance to the drug develops so that more is needed to produce the same “high.”

Coming down from the drug causes severe depression, which becomes deeper and deeper after each use. This can get so severe that a person will do almost anything to get the drug—even commit murder. And if he or she can’t get cocaine, the depression can get so intense it can drive the addict to suicide.

Understanding cocaine and crack cocaine drugs: Crystal meth & methamphetamine effects

Crystal meth and meth are inhaled, smoked or injected. Low doses are in pill form. This is a form of methamphetamine that resembles small fragments of glass or shiny blue-white rocks. Their street names may include ice, crystal, glass among many other names. It is a highly powerful and addictive man-made stimulant that causes aggression and violent or psychotic behavior. Many users report getting hooked (addicted) from the first time they use it. It is one of the hardest drugs to treat and any form of preventing its usage nonetheless you can always consult with doctor Akoury in case of any concern about these drugs.

Short and long-term effects

Negative effects can include disturbed sleep patterns, hyperactivity and nausea, delusions of power, increased aggressiveness and irritability. Can cause decreased hunger and bring on weight loss. In higher doses has a greater “rush,” followed by increased agitation and sometimes violence? Other effects can include insomnia, confusion, hallucinations, anxiety and paranoia. Can cause convulsions leading to death. Increased heart rate and blood pressure, damage to blood vessels in the brain, leading to strokes or irregular heart beat and cardiovascular (involving the heart and blood vessels) collapse or death. Can cause liver, kidney and lung damage. Users may suffer brain damage, including memory impairment and an increasing inability to grasp abstract thoughts. Those who recover are usually subject to memory gaps and extreme mood swings.

Understanding cocaine and crack cocaine drugs: Power in the powder

http://www.integrativeaddictionconference.com/wp-admin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedin
Dopamine Rush

Neurotransmitter role in drug addiction

Neurotransmitter role

Neurotransmitter role in drug addiction includes the treatment of cancer related pain

Neurotransmitter role in drug addiction: Risk and reward that trigger for the release of dopamine

Dopamine is neurotransmitter in the brain that plays vital roles in a variety of different behaviors. The major behaviors dopamine affects are movement, cognition, pleasure, and motivation. Dopamine is an essential component of the basal ganglia motor loop, as well as the neurotransmitter responsible for controlling the exchange of information from one brain area to another. However, it is the role that dopamine plays in pleasure and motivation that attracts the most neurobiologists attention. And that is why our discussion is focusing on dopamine the neurotransmitter role in drug addiction in this article. We would appreciate if you can stay with us on the link so that together we can learn and take action where necessary in order to defeat addiction. Nonetheless for a better understanding of this topic, we are going to be relying on the expert opinion of doctor Dalal Akoury (MD) who is also the founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center. This is a facility that she founded primarily to make a difference in the life of people who are suffering from the various forms of drug addiction which is very rampant in the current societies we live in.

For better understanding of this point doctor Dalal Akoury says that in certain areas of the brain when dopamine is released it gives one the feeling of pleasure or satisfaction. These feelings of satisfaction become desired, and the person will grow a desire for the satisfaction. To satisfy that desire the person will repeat behaviors that cause the release of dopamine. For example food and sex release dopamine. That is why people want food even though their body does not need it and why people sometimes need sex. These two behaviors scientifically make sense since the body needs food to survive, and humans need to have sex to allow the race to survive. However, other, less natural behaviors have the same effect on one’s dopamine levels, and at times can even be more powerful. Often these behaviors can result in addiction due to their effect on dopamine, and that addiction can have negative effects on a person’s well-being.

Neurotransmitter role in drug addiction: Cocaine

Cocaine is by far more severe in relation to other substances in terms of addiction. Cocaine chemically inhibits the natural dopamine cycle. Normally, after dopamine is released, it is recycled back into a dopamine transmitting neuron. However, cocaine binds to the dopamine, and does not allow it to be recycled. Thus there is a buildup of dopamine, and it floods certain neural areas. The flood ends after about 30 minutes, and the person is left yearning to feel as he or she once did. That is how the addiction begins and with time adaptation builds up due to the fact that the person is consistently behaving in the same way that he or she had the first time. However, the individual cannot, because dopamine is also released when something pleasurable yet unexpected occurs. During the first time, the person expects the effect, thus less dopamine is released, and the experience is less satisfying. This cause explains why gambling releases dopamine.

Many studies have been done which targeted neural response to rewards. The findings were in agreement that when one performed an action repeatedly, and is given a reward randomly, the dopamine levels rises. If the reward is administered for example every four times the action was performed, the dopamine levels remained constant. Whereas when no reward is given dopamine levels dropped. These random rewards can be seen in gambling and since the outcome is based on chance, one may not know prior if he or she will win. Therefore, if he or she wins, dopamine levels increases. However, unlike cocaine, gambling causes addiction in relatively low levels of participants. This is because Cocaine’s chemical input is much more influential on dopamine levels than gambling’s behavioral input meaning that only people whose dopamine levels are low, become addicted to gambling. This may sound technical and complicated, but a phone call to doctor Dalal Akoury will make it much easier for you if only you can schedule for that appointment today.

Neurotransmitter role in drug addiction: Risk and reward that trigger for the release of dopamine

https://www.awaremed.com/wp-admin

 

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedin