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Colon cancer treatment

Colon cancer treatment: Types of treatment

Colon cancer treatment

Colon cancer treatment will be effective when the right diagnosis to done timely

The type of colon cancer treatment that is likely to be recommended by your doctor will depend basically on the stage of your cancer. There are four stages of cancer (I, II, III, and IV). The three primary treatment options available for colon cancer treatment. And they include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. To understand each of these, we sought the expert opinion from the professionals at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD. With the professional input of doctor Dalal Akoury, we are going to discuss the surgery option in this article and chemotherapy and radiation in the subsequent articles. We, therefore, want to encourage you to keep glued to the link to be the first to know.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for early-stage colon cancer

When surgery is applied for colon cancer treatment, it can be done in two ways depending on the size of the tumor. Where the colon cancer is very small, the doctor may recommend a minimally invasive approach to surgery like:

Removing polyps during a colonoscopy. In cases of small cancer, localized and completely contained within a polyp in the very early stage, the doctor may be able to remove it entirely during a colonoscopy.

Endoscopic mucosal resection. Removing larger polyps may require also taking a small amount of the lining of the colon or rectum in a procedure called an endoscopic mucosal resection.

Minimally invasive surgery. Any polyps which can’t be removed during a colonoscopy can be removed using laparoscopic surgery. The surgeon performs an operation through several small incisions in the patient’s abdominal wall, inserting instruments with attached cameras that display the colon on a video monitor.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for invasive colon cancer

If cancer has grown the following may be recommended:

Partial colectomy. Under this procedure, the surgeon removes part of the colon that containing cancer together with a margin of normal tissue on either side of cancer. This procedure can be done using a minimally invasive approach (laparoscopy).

Surgery to help in the waste disposal from the body. Where reconnecting the healthy portions of the colon or rectum isn’t possible, an ostomy may become necessary to create a wall in the abdomen from a portion of the remaining bowel for the discharge of stool into a bag that fits securely over the opening. This can be temporary to allow the colon and rectum to heal after surgery, but in the extreme, it may be permanent.

Lymph node removal. Nearby lymph nodes are usually also removed during colon cancer surgery and tested for cancer.

Colon cancer treatment: Surgery for advanced cancer

Finally, where cancer has advanced and the patients are very poor, an operation may be recommended to relieve a blockage of the colon or other conditions primarily to improve on the symptoms. It is important to note that this isn’t meant to cure cancer, instead, it’s to relieve signs and symptoms, such as bleeding and pain. We appreciate the kind of pain that comes with such procedures. If you’re in this situation, you can speak to us on Facebook or just call us on (843) 2131480 and we will be glad to help you professionally.

Colon cancer treatment: Types of treatment

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Colon cancer diagnosis

Colon cancer diagnosis: Screening for colon cancer

Colon cancer diagnosis

Colon cancer diagnosis that delivers lasting treatment solution

For the correct and accurate colon cancer diagnosis, doctors recommend certain screening tests for everyone particularly the healthy people. People with no signs or symptoms need to take these tests primarily for early detection of colon cancer recommends doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center. She adds that early detection of colon cancer almost guarantees the chance for a cure. Through screening, a lot of colon cancer risk of death has been reduced significantly.

Those who bear the greatest risk are people at the age of 50 and above. To this group, screening is very necessary if not a must. However, where the risk is greater like in families where in the past one member had suffered colon cancer, screening should be done relatively much earlier than age 50. That bracket of high risk may also include the African-Americans and American Indians because they are at more risk and for that reason, they may consider beginning colon cancer screening at age 45.

And as you consider taking your first screening, it is important to note that of the different kinds of screening options works in their own peculiar ways with advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, before the screening exercise, consult with your doctor for the right decision about which tests is suitable for you. And remember that where a colonoscopy is used for screening, polyps can be removed during the procedure before they turn into cancer. This can be a great news and that is what AWAREmed health and wellness resource center will do. Our experts will be waiting to hear from you for an opportunity to help you defeat this painful health condition. You can schedule an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury on telephone number (843) 2131480 or contact Dr. Dalal Akoury on Facebook, LinkedIn and through many other available channels on the website.

Colon cancer diagnosis: Detecting colon cancer

Finally, where there are enough signs and symptoms to indicate that your likelihood of having colon cancer is high, your doctor may recommend one or more tests and procedures, including:

Using a scope to examine the inside of your colon. Colonoscopy uses a long, flexible and slender tube attached to a video camera and monitor to view the whole colon and rectum of the patient. And when the suspicious areas are established and confirmed, the doctor can pass surgical tools through the tube to take tissue samples (biopsies) for analysis and remove polyps.

Blood tests. Though the blood test may not disclose entirely if a patient has colon cancer, still recommend the patient’s blood to be tested primarily to give any clues about the overall health of the patient like kidney and liver function tests. Besides the blood test, the doctor may also test your blood for a chemical sometimes produced by colon cancers (carcinoembryonic antigen or CEA). Tracked over time, the level of CEA in the blood may help your specialist to understand your prognosis and whether the cancer is responding to treatment.

Colon cancer diagnosis: Screening for colon cancer

 

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Colon cancer prevention

Colon cancer prevention: Get screened for colon cancer

Colon cancer prevention

Colon cancer prevention is possible and the kind of food you eat matters a lot

Being healthy is the desire of every one. This desire has become very elusive because of serious health complications that affect our lives. Colon cancer is among the many problems we are at risk of contracting in our later stages of life. This health condition is life-threatening. If a quick remedial action is not taken, the worse will be inevitable. Therefore, colon cancer prevention is a must do for every person. The risk is greater from 50 years of age and above. Screening should be considered at this point. However, where the risk is high like those who had members of their families affected before, earlier screening is advised. And because different types of screening have their merits and demerits, patients need to consult with their doctors for the appropriate test for each patient. Doctor Akoury MD, President, and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center advises on what is helpful in the colon cancer prevention.

Changes in lifestyle

Living a healthy lifestyle is essential for the prevention of colon cancer. And for this to be done, you may want to consider these steps:

  • Feeding on a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. These are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, which are essential in cancer prevention.
  • Stop drinking alcohol. It is advisable that you keep off alcohol but if you have to, do it in moderation in a ration of less than a bottle for women and not more than two for men respectively in a day.
  • Stop smoking. Cigarette smoking is addictive and doctor Akoury can be of great help here. You can schedule an appointment with her today on telephone number (843) 2131480 or contact Dr. Dalal Akoury on Facebook, LinkedIn.
  • Physical activities. Take at least 30 minutes of exercise if not on a daily basis then on most days weekly. But for those who have been inactive, start slowly and build up gradually to 30 minutes. You can also, talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.
  • Healthy weight. If you are at a healthy weight, work to maintain your weight by combining a healthy diet with daily exercise. If you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy ways to achieve your goal. Aim to lose weight slowly by increasing the amount of exercise you get and reducing the number of calories you eat.

Colon cancer prevention: Prevention for people with a high risk

Finally, there are particular medications that help in reducing the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. However, these are still under study and are only reserved for people with a high risk of colon cancer. Like for instance, some evidence links a reduced risk of polyps and colon cancer to regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like drugs. Though it’s not clear to what dose and what length of time would be needed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. This is because, taking aspirin daily also has some risks, including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcers. Because of that, many doctors don’t recommend this as a prevention approach unless the patient has an increased risk of colon cancer.

Colon cancer prevention: Get screened for colon cancer

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Colon cancer risk factors

Colon cancer risk factors: History of inflammatory bowel disease

Colon cancer risk factors

Colon cancer risk factors are many and include being obese or overweight

Colon cancer risk factors become evident when polyps are detected during a colonoscopy irrespective of whether those polyps had been removed. When one is over the age of 50, it is advisable that careful consideration should be taken because the diagnosis is common at this age. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury MD, factors that increase the risk of colon cancer are many may include:

  • Smoking. Cigarette smokers may have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Radiation therapy for cancer. When radiation therapy is directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers, this may increase the risk of colon and rectal cancer.
  • Older age. The great majority of people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50. Colon cancer can occur in younger people, but it’s common with old age.
  • Obesity. Being obese increases the risk of colon cancer. Many patients with unhealthy weight have an increased death rate of colon cancer compared with people considered to have normal weight.
  • Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a diet low in fiber and high in fat and calories. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat and processed meat.
  • Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk. Genetic syndromes passed through generations of your family can increase the risk of colon cancer. Syndromes like familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer.
  • Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease can increase the risk of colon cancer.
  • The family history of colon cancer. One is more likely to develop colon cancer if a loved one had suffered the disease before. If more than one family member has colon cancer or rectal cancer, your risk becomes greater.
  • Diabetes. People with diabetes and insulin resistance have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol increases your risk of colon cancer.
  • African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than people of other races.
  • A sedentary lifestyle. If you’re inactive, you’re more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.
  • A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you’ve already had colon cancer or adenomatous polyps, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.

Colon cancer risk factors: Staging colon cancer

Immediately after being diagnosed with colon cancer, the next action point is to determine the level of cancer. This is essential for the determination of the appropriate treatment. This can be done using various tests like imaging procedures like abdominal, pelvic and chest CT scans. The stages of colon cancer are:

Stage I. at this level, cancer may have grown within the superficial lining (mucosa) of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread beyond the colon wall or rectum.

Stage II. Here, cancer has grown into or through the wall of the colon or rectum but hasn’t spread to nearby lymph nodes.

Stage III. The cancer is now attacking the nearby lymph nodes but isn’t affecting other parts of your body yet.

Stage IV. Cancer has spread to distant sites, such as other organs like the liver or lung. Colon cancer spreading to this stage brings a painful experience to both the patient and loved ones. To help you go through this, you can call us at (843) 2131480 or contact Dr. Dalal Akoury on Facebook, LinkedIn and your pains will be addressed professionally.

Colon cancer risk factors: History of inflammatory bowel disease

 

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Colon cancer causes

Colon cancer causes: Healthy cells in the colon

Colon cancer causes

Colon cancer causes are not clear, however, what is known is that the colon cancer occurs in the colon when healthy cells in the colon develop errors in their genetic blueprint, the DNA.

Dealing with something you have no idea of its cause is not easy. Like in the case of colon cancer causes, experts are not certain of the primary cause of colon cancer. All that is known is that the colon cancer occurs in the colon when healthy cells in the colon develop errors in their genetic blueprint, the DNA. These healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep the normal functionality of the body. Nonetheless, when a cell’s DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide even when new cells aren’t needed. It is the accumulation of these damaged and cancerous cells that cause the tumor. Doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President, and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center, explains that over time, the cancer cells will multiply. With the increased number, they will invade and destroy the normal tissues. This then allows the cancerous cells to move to other parts of the body forming a deposit there (metastasis). Other avenues of possible colon cancer causes may include:

Colon cancer causes: Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer

Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer can be passed through family members.  This only forms a small percentage of the colon cancers. They also don’t make cancer inevitable but can increase an individual’s risk of cancer significantly. The most common forms of inherited colon cancer syndromes are:

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). HNPCC, also known as Lynch syndrome, can increase the risk of colon cancer among other cancers. Normally patients struggling with HNPCC are under the age of 50.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). FAP is a rare disorder that causes you to develop thousands of polyps in the lining of the colon and rectum. People with untreated FAP have a greatly increased risk of developing colon cancer before age 40.

FAP, HNPCC and other, rarer inherited colon cancer syndromes can be detected through genetic testing. If you’re concerned about your family’s history of colon cancer, talk to us at AWAREmed health center and we will help you professionally as to whether your family history suggests you have a risk of these conditions.

Colon cancer causes: Association between diet and increased colon cancer risk

Over the years, research involving large groups of people have shown an association between a typical Western diet and an increased risk of colon cancer. A typical Western diet is high in fat and low in fiber.

When people move from areas where the typical diet is low in fat and high in fiber to areas where the typical Western diet is most common, the risk of colon cancer in these people increases significantly. It’s not clear why this occurs, but researchers are studying whether a high-fat, low-fiber diet affects the microbes that live in the colon or causes underlying inflammation that may contribute to cancer risk.

Colon cancer causes: Healthy cells in the colon

 

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