Tag Archives: Controlled Substances Act


Psychological features and addiction

Psychological features

Psychological features and addiction. Life is never the same where these two are present in one’s life

Psychological features and addiction: The brain and substance abuse

With the introduction of the Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual (BPSS) model of addiction, responding to the question of how people get addicted to their drugs of choice becomes easy. So far, the psychological features alongside the biological reasons are some of the pathways through which many people can get addicted to drugs. The biological portion of the bio–psycho–social-spiritual BPSS model considers addiction a brain disease with biological, chemical, and genetic roots. The psychological portion of the BPSS model. The psychological portion of the BPSS model views addiction in different ways. It is important to note that people may get addicted to whatever they are addicted to through various means including the following:

  • It could be as a result of learning the habit from others
  • People may find recovery difficult because of the way they think about things.
  • They may also lack good problem-solving skills.
  • Addiction may occur as a means of coping with uncomfortable feelings.
  • Addiction could also develop because of a personality defect or mental disorder.
  • Addiction may be due to developmental immaturity.

Psychological features and addiction: Motivating people to make significant changes

We will explore the psychological factors that affect addiction and recovery in due course, however, even if addiction originated because of some biological process, it is important to note that recovery from addiction requires people to become motivated to make significant changes. Psychology is a science that studies what motivates people to behave in certain ways. Therefore people can improve the quality of their lives by learning new behaviors and changing old thought patterns. People can also benefit from increasing their maturity and improving their copings skills.

Finally, to get these full benefits, it is only fair for you to consult with the experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the professional guidance of doctor Dalal Akoury. It is worth noting that doctor Dalal Akoury passionately established this facility to primarily transform each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. The best part of it is that doctor Akoury’s practice are tailored to meet the individual patient’s treatment needs by focuses on personalized medicine through healthy lifestyle choices that deal with primary prevention and underlying causes instead of patching up symptoms.

The primary prevention is very fundamental and when achieved all other complications will be easy to address and contain. That is our desire and that is why speaking to us should be your starting point. And for more information and treatment, you can, therefore, call us at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center on telephone number 843 213 1480 today to mark the beginning of freeing yourself from all the psychological factors and effects of addiction in the hypothalamus area of your brain and all other organs of your body today.

Psychological features and addiction: The brain and substance abuse







Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences

Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences: Each drug has a unique way of attack to health

Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences

When drugs looks like wheat flour or sugar like this, then the Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences becomes necessary.

Somebody once made a joke that the varieties of drugs in the market are so easy to access and he wished that those drugs were job opportunities he would have made a lot of money out of the many accessible job opportunities. He made this joke because in his search for employment, he was more than three times mistaken to be looking for drugs to buy. The drug barons were ready to sell for him only to be disappointed at their ghost client. Listening to this man you wonder how drugs are easily accessible for those who use them and because of that, the social fabric of the society is decaying at an alarming rate. Owing to that introduction, we want to explore further on the descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequence. Some of the most commonly abused substances may include nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, prescription medications, inhalants; cocaine, amphetamines, MDMA (Ecstasy or “Molly”), LSD, heroin, steroids and drug combinations are some of the specific substances that we want to interrogate how they impact on individuals’ health.
The descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences are not explanations that you can do in your layman understanding. It is complex and technical hence the need of having professional brains to bring out the clear information. That is why we spoke to doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center to give the insight about the specific abused substances medical consequences. It will interest you to note that doctor Akoury passionately made a decision to create this medical center primarily to transform each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. Dr. Akoury’s practice focuses on personalized medicine through healthy lifestyle choices that deal with primary prevention and underlying causes instead of patching up symptoms. You can now reach out for her assistance for any drug addiction related concerns today.

Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences: What are some effects of specific abused substances?

Nicotine – this is an addictive stimulant found in cigarettes and other forms of tobacco. Tobacco smoke increases a user’s risk of cancer, emphysema, bronchial disorders, and cardiovascular disease. The mortality rate associated with tobacco addiction is staggering. The available statistics indicate that tobacco use alone killed approximately 100 million people during the 20th century, this is worrying and if the current smoking trends continue, the cumulative death toll for this century has been projected to reach 1 billion faced out of the surface of the earth.

Alcohol – the consumption of alcohol can damage the brain and most body organs. Areas of the brain that are especially vulnerable to alcohol-related damage are the cerebral cortex which is largely responsible for our higher brain functions, including problem solving and decision making, the hippocampus which targets memory and learning and the cerebellum entrusted with the coordination of movement.

Marijuana – this is one of the most commonly abused illegal substances. This drug impairs short-term memory and learning, the ability to focus attention, and coordination. It also increases heart rate, can harm the lungs, and can increase the risk of psychosis in those with an underlying vulnerability.

Prescription medications – there are very many prescription medications including opioid pain relievers such as OxyContin® and Vicodin®, anti-anxiety sedatives such as Valium® and Xanax®, and ADHD stimulants such as Adderall® and Ritalin®, are commonly misused to self-treat for medical problems or abused for purposes of getting high or (especially with stimulants) improving performance. However, misuse or abuse of these drugs that is to say, taking them other than exactly as instructed by a doctor and for the purposes prescribed can lead to addiction and in some cases death. Opioid pain relievers, for instance, are frequently abused by being crushed and injected or snorted, greatly raising the risk of addiction and overdose. Unfortunately, there is a common misperception that because medications are prescribed by physicians, they are safe even when used illegally or by another person than they were prescribed for.

Inhalants – ideally inhalant are volatile substances found in many household products, such as oven cleaners, gasoline, spray paints, and other aerosols that induce mind-altering effects; they are frequently the first drugs tried by children or young teens. Inhalants are extremely toxic and can damage the heart, kidneys, lungs, and brain. Even a healthy person can suffer heart failure and death within minutes of a single session of prolonged sniffing of an inhalant.

Cocaine – this is a short-acting stimulant, which can lead users to take the drug many times in a single session often known as a binge. Cocaine use can lead to severe medical consequences related to the heart and the respiratory, nervous, and digestive systems.

Amphetamines – this drug including methamphetamine, are powerful stimulants that can produce feelings of euphoria and alertness. Methamphetamine’s effects are particularly long-lasting and harmful to the brain. Amphetamines can cause high body temperature and can lead to serious heart problems and seizures.

MDMA (Ecstasy or “Molly”) – this drug produces both stimulant and mind-altering effects. It can increase body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and heart-wall stress. MDMA may also be toxic to nerve cells.

LSD – this is one of the most potent hallucinogenic, or perception-altering, drugs. Its effects are unpredictable, and abusers may see vivid colors and images, hear sounds, and feel sensations that seem real but do not exist. Users also may have traumatic experiences and emotions that can last for many hours

Heroin – there is no doubt that heroin is a powerful opioid drug that produces euphoria and feelings of relaxation. It slows respiration, and its use is linked to an increased risk of serious infectious diseases, especially when taken intravenously. People who become addicted to opioid pain relievers sometimes switch to heroin instead, because it produces similar effects and may be cheaper or easier to obtain.

Steroids – these drugs can also be prescribed for certain medical conditions, they are normally abused to increase muscle mass and to improve athletic performance or physical appearance. Serious consequences of abuse can include severe acne, heart disease, liver problems, stroke, infectious diseases, depression, and suicide.

Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences: Drug combinations

A particularly dangerous and common practice is the combining of two or more drugs. The practice ranges from the co-administration of legal drugs, like alcohol and nicotine, to the dangerous mixing of prescription drugs, to the deadly combination of heroin or cocaine with fentanyl (an opioid pain medication). Whatever the context, it is critical to realize that because of drug–drug interactions, such practices often pose significantly higher risks than the already harmful individual drugs. Finally now that you are aware of the specific abused substances and how they are affecting your health, if this article is addressing any of your conditions, then you may want to schedule for an appointment with doctor Akoury for a one on one professional discussion.

Descriptions of specific abused substances medical consequences: Each drug has a unique way of attack to health



About Substance Abuse and Mental Health

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Admitting you have a dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health. the two conditions must be addressed simultaneously for any meaningful healing to be realized.

Are you struggling with drugs or is there any of your loved ones or anybody you know who is struggling with drugs? Drug addiction is not by any standard good for anyone’s health. People who have recovered from this scourge will attest to this. Even though this condition is treatable patients (addicts) are always in denial of what they are going through. This is one of the biggest challenges that must first be dealt with before any meaningful treatment can be administered. For sure without acknowledgement of the problem and willful acceptance, there is very little that any professional will do to help. That is why we put more emphasis about substance abuse and mental health so that addicts can own up and get ready for treatment. With that said and done, doctor says that if there is anything you need to remember then remember that substance abuse problems and mental health issues don’t get better when they’re ignored. As a matter of fact any time wasted will cause even much problem when treatment finally begins, in other words when dealing with matters addiction treatment should be immediate to rid of any possibilities of worsening the situation which is already frustrating. While appreciating that you may not want to be associated with drug addiction hence your reason for denial, surely you don’t have to feel this way. It is important to note that admitting you have a problem is the first step towards conquering your demons and enjoying life again. The following will help you come to terms with the problem at hand:

Consider family history – If people in your family lineage have grappled with either a mental disorder such as depression or alcohol abuse or drug addiction, you have a higher risk of developing these problems yourself. Meaning if this is true then you are not the first it had happen before.

Consider your sensitivity to alcohol or drugs – Are you highly sensitive to the effects of alcohol or drugs? Have you noticed a relationship between your substance use and your mental health? For example, do you get depressed when you drink? Interrogate that further.

Look at symptoms when you’re sober – While some depression or anxiety is normal after you’ve stopped drinking or doing drugs, if the symptoms persist after you’ve achieved sobriety, you may be dealing with a mental health problem.

Review your treatment history – Have you been treated before for either your addiction or your mental health problem? Did the substance abuse treatment fail because of complications from your mental health issue or vice versa? These will be very helpful to you in realizing that the problem you have is just like any other problem and treatment must be sought for immediately. Once you have noticed these then the next step is letting the professionals do their part by administering treatment so that the problem doesn’t escalate to some other complications.

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Signs and symptoms of substance abuse

Now that you have accepted that there could be some problems with your health and addiction, you need to move a step further and trace any signs and symptoms of substance abuse in your life. In other words if you’re wondering whether you have a substance abuse problem, then the following questions may help. Depending on how you respond to them will give an indication whether you have drinking problem or your drug use is a problem. In other words, when your response has more yes than no then chances are that you have a problem which needs to be fixed immediately.

  • Have you ever felt you should cut down on your drinking or drug use?
  • Have you tried to cut back, but just couldn’t?
  • Do you ever tell lies about how much or how often you drink or use drugs?
  • Have members of your family or friends showed concern about your alcohol or drug use?
  • Do you ever feel bad, guilty, or ashamed about your drinking or drug use?
  • On more than one occasion, have you done or said something while drunk or high that you later regretted and wished you didn’t?
  • Have you ever blacked out from drinking or drug use?
  • Has your alcohol or drug use caused problems in your relationships, as in marriage, work place?
  • Has you alcohol or drug use gotten you into trouble at work or with the law?

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Signs and symptoms of common co-occurring disorders

The mental health problems that most commonly co-occur with substance abuse are depression, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder.

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Common signs and symptoms of depression

  • Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Inability to experience pleasure
  • Appetite or weight changes
  • Sleep changes
  • Loss of energy
  • Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Concentration problems
  • Anger, physical pain, and reckless behavior (especially in men)
About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Common signs and symptoms of mania in bipolar disorder
  • Feelings of euphoria or extreme irritability
  • Unrealistic, grandiose beliefs
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Increased energy
  • Rapid speech and racing thoughts
  • Impaired judgment and impulsivity
  • Hyperactivity
  • Anger or rage
About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Common signs and symptoms of anxiety
  • Excessive tension and worry
  • Feeling restless or jumpy
  • Irritability or feeling “on edge”
  • Racing heart or shortness of breath
  • Nausea, trembling, or dizziness
  • Muscle tension, headaches
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Insomnia

Finally it amazes me how we often get the best information and fail to implement them. We all want to live healthy lives free from all manner of addictions and mental health complications but on the other hand we find it difficult to conform to certain standards of life that is deemed healthy and productive. That really amazes me, however knowing that these drugs are very addictive, we have a duty to change things professionally. When you visit us at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, we will evaluate your individual conditions and professionally administer treatment to your individual needs that will live you full of life free from addiction and ready to go places. You can talk to us today by calling doctor Dalal Akoury to schedule for you appointment.  

About Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Admitting you have a dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders