Tag Archives: Cortisol

How-Drug-Addiction-Affects-Serotonin-And-Dopamine

Biochemical changes and health matters

Biochemical changes

Biochemical changes and health matters a lot in the establishment of a health weight

Biochemical changes and health matters: Linking stress and obesity

Over the past decades, many people have alleged without any scientific evidence that stress and obesity are linked together closely. This has been the running hypothesis for a very long time but, now scientific research is confirming by bringing forth proofs and evidence supporting this connection. Explicit biochemical changes appear to help in explaining this link and, the medical professionals understands these reasons better and are in a better position to address the prevalence of obesity epidemic facing U.S and beyond in the global space. However, doctor Dalal Akoury MD who is also the founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center agrees that the most disturbing aspect of the link between stress and obesity is that, it tends to be self-reinforcing. That is to say, very often, when people are stressed they may eat improperly and that may cause them to gain weight which can cause more stress thereby leading to even weight gain which you’re trying to fight off.

Biochemical changes and health matters: The biological connections

If you have been keen you must have realized that each time you’re stressed it is always a common practice that you will tend to crave comfort foods which are high in fat or sugar and researchers have established that specific hormones may play a role in this process.

Serotonin – reaching for fattening comfort foods during stressful times may be an attempt to offer self-medication. Consuming carbohydrates raises the body’s serotonin level and serotonin is the body’s feel-good chemical. It makes you feel better. Under normal circumstances, people under stress don’t make smart or healthy food choices. Very often their choices of carbohydrates are rich in fat, like muffins, pastries, doughnuts, and cookies which are not necessarily healthy foods.

Cortisolresearchers have also discovered that chronic stress can cause the body to release excess cortisol, a hormone critical in managing fat storage and energy use in the human body. Cortisol is known to increase appetite and may encourage cravings for sugary or fatty foods.

Neuropeptide Y.recent studies also have established that the human body processes food differently when under stress. One study established that lab mice fed a diet high in fat and sugar added significant amounts of body fat when placed under stressful conditions while those mice fed a normal diet didn’t add as much weight despite the stress. This finding has been linked the phenomenon to a molecule called neuropeptide Y which is released from nerve cells during stress and encourages fat accumulation. A diet high in fat and sugar appears to further promote the release of neuropeptide Y.

Finally, from the facts listed above, there is no doubt that all the biochemical changes matter a lot in weight management and as a society, we have a duty to bring some serenity in the weight loss management. To that effect, doctor Akoury made a decision of establishing this medical center to help in transforming each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. Efforts like this are essential in containing weight gain prevalence and you can benefit from it by scheduling an appointment with her today for the commencement of your recovery program.

Biochemical changes and health matters: Linking stress and obesity

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Misuse of alcohol

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment

Ending alcohol abuse

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment to avoid stocking more chemicals in the body system

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The HPA Axis

Consumption of alcohol is a problem which has kept the global society thinking. There are two different schools of thoughts depending on the interest represented. The interest of health and that of generating revenue, and for the purpose of this article we will focus on the interest of health and the possible solutions that come with ending alcohol abuse. Several types of research have been done and conclusions made. One of the finds was that the “home” of alcoholism resides in the HPA (hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal) axis of the neuroendocrine system, to this effect scientists have developed extremely sophisticated tests which monitor the performance of this axis under various conditions by measuring:

  • Dopamine
  • Serotonin, GABA
  • Glutamate
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
  • Cortisol
  • DHEA

Professionally, doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President, and founder of AWAREmed Health Center reiterates that these are known neurotransmitters and two key hormones which define either the health of the neuroendocrine system or its state and depth of illness. To better understand the root of this phenomenon we will go into it a little more in detail regarding genetic addictive biochemistry and active addiction and how they affect the HPA axis. But in the meantime, you can direct all your alcoholism concerns to the experts at AWAREmed health for a timely treatment action.

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The hypothalamus

The endocrine system is the network of glands in the body comprised of the hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, adrenals, thyroid, parathyroid and the sex glands; ovaries and testes. These glands secrete hormones throughout the body to each and every organ via the blood which is received by their complimentary receptors. Hormones are “messengers” which carry messages coded by our DNA with the intention of keeping an organ regulated and healthy, essentially functioning as it should.  A hormone’s message will stimulate, suppress or maintain the functional cell or tissue activity of the organ it is received by.

The hypothalamus is the centerpiece of the endocrine system and is located in the middle of the base of the brain. The purpose of the hypothalamus is to establish and maintain homeostasis; balance within the body. It regulates all the functions of the autonomic system of breathing, heart rate, etc… but also hunger, thirst, sexual drive, sleep urination and metabolism which includes blood sugar control.

Although technically hypothalamus is part of the endocrine system it is really central to both the endocrine and nervous system; in fact, it is in the hypothalamus that these two extremely complex systems of the body intersect. As the Master Accountant, the hypothalamus performs checks and balances and responds to chemical messages of deficient or excess by sending various hormones and neurotransmitters to “adjust” to the requirements of your internal and/or external environments to maintain status quo. The hypothalamus is able to do this because it houses receptor sites for both hormones from the endocrine system and neurotransmitters from the nervous system and it utilizes the information it receives from those sites to do its job of not only controlling the entire endocrine system, including having a profound influence on the liver, heart, and kidneys, but establishing healthy brain chemistry and nervous system performance by correcting neurotransmitter imbalances by either slowing production of what is in excess, ingesting or degrading them faster, or in cases of deficiency, producing and releasing them as required.

Ending alcohol abuse using alternative treatment: The HPA Axis

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Detox Diet

Cortisol application in weight management

Cortisol application

Cortisol application in weight management delivers the much needed lean body weight.

Cortisol application in weight management: Eliminating stress

In an effort of coming close to realizing our dream of keeping fit both physically and mentally, understanding cortisol application in weight management becomes very important. Therefore we want to relay on the expert opinion of professionals from AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center a facility which was founded by doctor Dalal Akoury (MD) to help us put this discussion to perspective. We are going to put all the facts straight, and therefore this is a discussion you don’t want to miss. We want to invite you to be part of us specifically to eliminate any ignorance that is likely to cause us to lose the focus of eliminating all the complications associated with weight complications in our lives.

From her decades of professional practice in this discipline, doctor Akoury when looking at the happenings in today’s society is very much concern with the kind of commercials that tout the effectiveness of supplements like Cortislim ™ and Relacore ™ that propose to help people lose weight and feel less stressed by inhibiting the effects of cortisol. Some of these commercials do not fully inform the general public effectively about:

  • The functions and importance of cortisol for bodily function.
  • The potential link between cortisol and obesity.
  • The potential link between stress, cortisol, and appetite.
  • The harmful health effects of stress-induced obesity.

Therefore to bridge the gap, we want to shade more light on the above omissions so that together we can walk along in this worthy course of proper weight management.

Cortisol application in weight management: From where does cortisol come and for what purpose?

Cortisol has become a ‘prime’ hormone of fascination, discussion and confusion within the consumer and fitness industry, due to misleading television commercials and advertisements. It is a steroid (compound based from a steroid nucleus) hormone that is produced in the cortex of the adrenal glands located on top of each kidney. Fasting, food intake, exercising, awakening, and psychosocial stressors cause the body to release cortisol. Cortisol is released in a highly irregular manner with peak secretion in the early morning, which then tapers out in the late afternoon and evening. Energy regulation and mobilization are two critical functions of cortisol. Cortisol regulates energy by selecting the right type and amount of substrate (carbohydrate, fat or protein) that is needed by the body to meet the physiological demands that is placed upon it.

Cortisol mobilizes energy by tapping into the body’s fat stores and moving it from one location to another, or delivering it to hungry tissues such as working muscle. Under stressful conditions, cortisol can provide the body with protein for energy production through gluconeogenesis, the process of converting amino acids into useable carbohydrate (glucose) in the liver. Additionally, it can move fat from storage depots and relocate it to fat cell deposits deep in the abdomen. Cortisol also aids adipocytes (baby fat cells) to grow up into mature fat cells. Finally, cortisol may act as an anti-inflammatory agent, suppressing the immune system during times of physical and psychological stress. All these and many more are the reasons why cortisol application in weight management make sense. You may want to know more about cortisol and weight management by scheduling for an appointment with doctor Akoury for a one on one further deliberations.

Cortisol application in weight management: Eliminating stress

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Obesity an addiction

Cortisol importance in weight management

Cortisol importance

Cortisol importance in weight management can not be over looked

Cortisol importance in weight management: The link between cortisol and visceral obesity

The cortisol importance directly effects fat storage and weight gain in stressed individuals. Tissue cortisol concentrations are controlled by a specific enzyme that converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol. This particular enzyme is located in adipose (fat) tissues. Studies with human visceral (fat surrounding the stomach and intestines) and subcutaneous fat tissue have demonstrated that the gene for this enzyme is expressed more by obese conditions. It has also been demonstrated in research that human visceral fat cells have more of these enzymes compared to subcutaneous fat cells. Thus, higher levels of these enzymes in these deep fat cells surrounding the abdomen may lead to obesity due to greater amounts of cortisol being produced at the tissue level. As well, deep abdominal fat has greater blood flow and four times more cortisol receptors compared to subcutaneous fat. This may also increase cortisol’s fat accumulating and fat cell size enlarging effect.

The potential link between stress, cortisol and appetite

Animal and human studies have demonstrated that cortisol injections are associated with increased appetite, cravings for sugar, and weight gain. Epel et al. demonstrated that premenopausal women who secreted more cortisol during and after novel laboratory stressors chose to consume more foods high in sugar and fat. It has been thought that cortisol directly influences food consumption by binding to receptors in the brain (specifically, the hypothalamus). This can stimulate an individual to eat food that is high in fat and/or sugar. Cortisol also indirectly influences appetite by regulating other chemicals that are released during stress such as CRH (corticotrophin releasing hormone), leptin, and neuropeptide Y (NPY). High levels of NPY and CRH and reduced levels of leptin have been shown to stimulate appetite.

Cortisol importance in weight management: Harmful health effects associated with stress-induced obesity

Chronic stress can contribute to several harmful physiological events. When body tissues are exposed to high levels of cortisol for extended periods of time, some cellular and tissue alterations may occur. High levels of cortisol cause fat stores and excess circulating fat to be relocated and deposited deep in the abdomen, which left unchecked can develop into or enhance obesity. In addition, hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (elevated lipids), and hyperglycemia (elevated glucose) have been linked to elevated cortisol levels. Individuals with a high waist-to-hip ratio (which identifies visceral obesity) are at a greater risk for developing cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes mellitus, and cerebrovascular disease.

The significance of cortisol in stress management

Finally professionals should ensure that their clients are aware of the links between stress and abdominal obesity. Cortisol is a necessary hormone responsible for fuel regulation and is released while exercising, eating, awakening, and psychosocial stress. However, if there is too much cortisol in circulation, abdominal obesity can develop. This type of central obesity is linked to developing cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes mellitus, and cerebrovascular disease. An effective and regular exercise and stress management program may be key in reducing or preventing stress-induced obesity. That is why you will always benefit more if you constantly consult with doctor Akoury about the cortisol importance in weight management from time to time.

Cortisol importance in weight management: The link between cortisol and visceral obesity

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AWAREmed Nurse Practitioner alleviates your Pain

Individual hormones description in male and female

Individual hormones description in male and female: The three common hormones

Individual hormones

Did you know that individual hormones like estrogen for example is normally production in specific areas like in the ovaries, the follicle around the ovum? If there is any problem, you can always seek for help.

There are several individual hormones in the body performing different functions in the body. we have since understood that hormones are body’s messengers responsible for the effective coordination of all vital repair, recovery and regeneration in the body and without them we cease to live a productive life, meaning that in their absence we simply degenerate. With that knowledge we want to zero in to discussing the individual hormones and particularly the three common ones which may include: estrogen, progesterone and testosterone as follows:

Individual hormones description in male and female: Estrogen

looking at the life of our female gender, the production of estrogen normally takes place in specific areas like in the ovaries, the follicle around the ovum, the adrenal glands, and the fat cells. And even as this production place, it is important to note that as age catches with us the effectiveness of ovaries in the production of estrogen deteriorates and stop producing estrogen on a regular basis, turning the main source for the production of estrogen the adrenal glands located above the kidneys. Any unused testosterone is also transformed into needed estrogen, and even estrogen stored in fat cells is called to action as the ovarian production of estrogen diminishes. Estrogen and progesterone are designed to balance each other, to keep each other in check. Therefore and because of that it is nearly impossible to separate their actions, but for the sake of simplicity; Estrogen makes everything grow, it causes cells to proliferate while progesterone checks this growth, holding cell growth to a limit. The following are some of the positive effects of its action are that it:

  • Causes the uterus lining grow to in readiness for pregnancy.
  • Facilitate the grown of breast tissues in preparation for making milk
  • Prevents bone destruction by bone-destroying cells (osteoclasts)
  • Protects from hypertension by relaxing the lining of blood vessels
  • Stimulates the production of lipoprotein lipase, an enzyme which breaks down fat. The result is low cholesterol levels and good balance between good (HDL) cholesterol and bad (LDL) cholesterol
  • Lowers insulin levels
  • Stimulates body fat accumulation to help the fetus grow
  • Induces relaxation of blood vessels in the circulation in general and heart in particular
  • Causes the ovum to mature inside the ovary to prepare for ovulation
  • Creates the follicle where the egg matures
  • Promotes the growth of the fetus
  • Keeps the vagina, the vulva and the cervix well developed and moisturized
  • Promotes growth of underarm and pubic hair, and pigmentation of the nipples

The negative effects of the growth induced by estrogen unopposed (acting alone), without the balancing effects of progesterone are:

  • Increased risk of gallbladder disease
  • Increased incidence of blood clot formation
  • Increased accumulation of body fat, this is why livestock growers use this hormone
  • Increased water and salt retention
  • Interference with normal insulin release and blood sugar control
  • Increased risk of overgrowth of endometrium (lining of the uterus)
  • Increased risk of overgrowth of breast tissue, and could be a reason for breast cancer
  • Increased risk of depression
  • Increased risk of headaches
  • Increased risk of gallbladder disease
  • Increased incidence of blood clot formation

Individual hormones description in male and female: Progesterone

Progesterone is the parent or precursor of estrogen in the ovaries and the parent to cortisol and aldosterone in the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands manufacture progesterone from its precursor cholesterol. Progesterone is the precursor of testosterone, all androgens, and other adrenal hormones, making it extremely important for reasons far beyond its role as sex hormone, without it we could not cope with stress and our body fluid and kidney control would cease to function. Progesterone functions:

  • Protect the endometrium
  • Insure the optimal function of uterus
  • Prevent water retention
  • Help use fat for energy at the cellular level
  • Serve as a natural anti-depressant
  • Create a calming effect on the body
  • Help eliminate sleep disorders
  • Help keep insulin release in check and maintain even blood sugar levels
  • Prevent unmediated overgrowth of the endometrium/cancer
  • Prevent unmediated breast tissue overgrowth/cancer
  • Maintain sex drive
  • Maintain normal blood clotting parameters
  • Protect against fibrocystic breasts

Progesterone’s negatives are few and easily balanced by estrogen:

  • A sedating effect, if used in excess
  • Increased spotting and changes in bleeding patterns
  • Bloating if used in excess
  • Gastrointestinal discomfort
  • Acne, if used in excess
  • Hyperpigmentation of facial skin when exposed to sunlight

Testosterone

The most important role of testosterone is to provide male characteristics. Although this may appear straight forward, testosterone functions are of significance to women as well. The following are some of the areas where testosterone helps in:

  • Promoting muscle strength and exercise endurance
  • Improving libido
  • Increasing energy levels
  • Improving sense of well-being
  • Increases body hair production
  • Produce enlargement of the clitoris
  • Improve sexual desire and fantasy
  • Improve bone density

Besides the benefits, it also have some demerits or negative effects of testosterone which cones due to overproduction or intake through either testosterone supplementation in pharmaceutical formulations or unsupervised androgen consumption. The side-effects are similar to those of estrogen dominance, since testosterone transforms into estrogen when it is overabundant. The side-effects include:

  • Male pattern baldness
  • Increased facial hair
  • More aggressive behavior
  • Higher cholesterol levels
  • Too much clitoral enlargement

Finally in the past this was not regarded as anything good, nonetheless things are changing and now we are beginning to appreciate the importance of testosterone in men and women while the balance of estrogen and progesterone is highly dependent on a cycle. And as we come to the end of this discussion, we want to help you take the summery of the whole journey we took form the beginning as we started the discussion. And now if you or any of your loved one is struggling with this are you are wondering on what to do. You can therefore schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for further direction.

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