Tag Archives: Imaging tests

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Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC is very essential for proper and lasting treatment solution

Most lung cancer patients are struggling with NSCLC. Although it’s serious problem the world over, treatment can reduce its effects from worsening. There are several things patients can do to feel more comfortable. People who smoke or who breathe a lot of smoke are most likely to get NSCLC. And to diagnose this, the doctor will ask the patient questions like:

  • When did you first notice problems?
  • How have you been feeling?
  • Has anyone in your family had lung cancer before?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or worse?
  • Are you smoking or you were but quitted?
  • Are you coughing or wheezing?

Besides the questioning, the doctor may want to run some tests and a physical exam. Such tests may include:

Diagnosing NSCLC

: Imaging tests

Imaging tests is essential in finding the tumors inside lungs. They can also show whether the cancer has spread.

  • X-rays use low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, shows blood flow, organs, and structures.
  • Ultrasound creates a picture by bouncing sound waves off tissues inside you.
  • PET scans use a radioactive compound or tracer that collects where your cells are very active.
  • CT scans are powerful X-rays that make detailed pictures of the tissue and the blood vessels in the lung.

Sputum cytology is a lab test that checks the mucus you cough up for cancer cells.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Fine-needle aspiration

A fine needle aspiration biopsy takes cells from an abnormal growth or the fluid in your lungs. Where the doctor wants to examine inside your lungs and chest this is helpful using a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny camera. He may also take samples of tissue, including from nearby lymph nodes, to check for cancer cells. This can be done in different ways like:

  • Bronchoscopy goes through your nose or mouth and into your lungs.
  • Endobronchial ultrasound uses bronchoscopy with an ultrasound placed at the tip of the tube to look at lymph nodes and other structures.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is like the endobronchial ultrasound, but your doctor puts the endoscope down your throat into the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopy uses a few small cuts along your side to look at the outside of your lung and the tissue around it.
  • Mediastinoscopy makes a small cut just above your breastbone, in the space between your lungs.

Based on what your doctor finds, he’ll assign a stage, describing where the cancer is. That will help your medical team figure out the best treatment for you. You’ll want to know what each stage means:

  • Occult stage: “Occult” means “hidden.” Cancer cells are in lung fluid or sputum, but the doctor can’t find where the cancer is in your lungs.
  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are in the lining of your airways.
  • Stage I: A small tumor is in only one lung. The cancer hasn’t spread to lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: A larger tumor is in one lung, or the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer in one lung has spread to farther lymph nodes or into nearby structures.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid around the lungs, or to other parts of the body, such as the brain and liver.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer


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Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer: Blocking the lymphatic vessels

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer causes may not be known, but the risk factors are evident

Like it is with many other cancer, it’s not clear what causes inflammatory breast cancer. Experts across the globe are aware that the genesis of inflammatory breast cancer comes with the formation of an abnormal cell in one of the breast’s ducts. Mutations within the abnormal cell’s DNA facilitates its rapid growth and multiplying into several cells uncontrollably. Scientifically, doctor Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed health and wellness resource center adds that, the numerous abnormal cells penetrate and obstruct the lymphatic vessels in the skin of the breast. The obstruction or blockage in the lymphatic vessels causes red, swollen and dimpled skin which is a classic sign of inflammatory breast cancer.  So what are the risks factors?

Inflammatory breast cancer: Risk factors

Factors that increase the risk of inflammatory breast cancer include:

Being a woman – Women are more vulnerable and are likely to be diagnosed with this type of cancer than men nevertheless, this doesn’t exempt men from develop inflammatory breast cancer.

Black skin – Black women have a higher risk of this disease than do white women.

Being obese – Weight management is important as it reduces the risks. Obese and overweight people have higher risk of contracting this disease compared with those of normal weight.

Inflammatory breast cancer: Diagnosis

Tests and procedures used to diagnose inflammatory breast cancer include:

  • Physical exam – during your regular checkups, your doctor examines the breast to ascertain signs like decolonization of the breast to redness.
  • Imaging tests – the doctor may recommend a breast X-ray (mammogram) or a breast ultrasound primarily to look for signs of cancer in your breast like thickened skin. Additional imaging tests like MRI, may be recommended in certain situations.
  • Removing a sample of tissue for testing – a small sample of the affected area of the breast is removed for testing through a procedure known as biopsy. The tissue is analyzed in a laboratory to look for signs of cancer. A skin biopsy may also be helpful, and this can be done at the same time as a breast biopsy.

Inflammatory breast cancer: Determining the extent of the cancer

To ascertain this, more tests becomes necessary. Knowing the extent of the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes or to other areas of your body is essential for treatment. Such tests may include a CT scan, positron emission tomography (PET) scan and bone scan. Nonetheless, some tests may not be necessary and therefore, your doctor will identify the most relevant for each patient. Finally, it is out of these tests results that your doctor will determine the stage of cancer and with such information, he/she will be able to put you in the right treatment. And whichever treatment your doctor settles on, you will need all the support from your loved ones and friends. A good health facility to make the treatment friendly. In your quest of looking for the right facility, you can talk to us at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center for real time solutions.

Inflammatory breast cancer: Blocking the lymphatic vessels