Exploring nutritional therapy for substance abuse eradication
Because complications relating to drugs addiction are not going to go away anytime soon going by the various statistics gathered from research documents, we need to up our sleeves into bringing this ghost of addiction to manageable levels. That would therefore means that no stone must not be left unturned and everyone must be brought on board for the operation to be successful. For that reason, AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury who is a veteran addiction expert of several decades is going to share with us in depth about exploring nutritional therapy for substance abuse eradication from our societies. This is very important not just to the direct victims of substance abuse but even to their loved ones who are equally affected even if it is indirectly. We are therefore going to us this article to conclude on the two elements we did not handle while discussing on the topic “medical nutrition therapy for substance abuse” in our previous article. The two elements we want to address include:
- Weight management and eating disorders and
According to the experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, the problems that are associated with weight management are common nutritional concern related to substance abuse. In the same discipline detoxification programs are commonly seen to be leading to weight gain, as addicts being taken through the process often turn to food instead of their drugs of choice. Besides that biochemical changes also result in increased appetite and a preference for highly palatable foods, and confusion in hunger/fullness cues arise. However, for some, weight gain is important due to significant protein-energy malnutrition and low BMI as a result of substance use. Doctor Akoury is raising concern that increased consumption of lots of calories and weight if not managed properly can lead to other devastating health complications including obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, therefore it is very important that professionals in this discipline should monitor and counsel patients on healthful eating and weight management and that is what doctor Akoury and her team of experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center are doing relentlessly in giving their contribution towards fighting the scourge of addiction from our systems.
While in treatment, most patients reduce their levels of exercise either due to lack of time, the program structure, or lack of motivation. Increased abnormal liver tests are common in re-feeding among hospitalized drug addicts, which is theorized to be caused by a lack of exercise and increase in weight. According to a study conducted by the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, it was established that the daily weight change had a significant positive correlation with changes in serum alanine transaminase or aspartate aminotransferase concentrations from admission to discharge. Experts can therefore help in monitoring weight gain and laboratory results primarily to identify patient goals for achieving or maintaining a healthy weight. They can also work with professionals including the families and relatives of the victims to develop exercise programs during and after treatment that can help to level patients’ liver enzymes and manage their weight.
Doctor Akoury is of the opinion that with the high prevalence of eating disorders in the substance abuse population, care must be taken in making recommendations for weight management to ensure they aren’t too restrictive and weight gain or loss is monitored and steady. It is a point of great concern that up to 72% of women who are below 30 years of age and are struggling with alcoholism have eating disorder problems and besides that, other substances such as cocaine are associated with a higher prevalence of eating disorders, it is therefore very important that careful attention and precautions be taken when working with these populations.
The next element of discussion is the pharmacotherapy which is a common component of addiction treatment. While exploring nutritional therapy for substance abuse eradication, it is important to note that these medications are intended to improve mood stability and recovery success and to assist with any medical or mental health problems resulting from or co-occurring with detoxification. When exploring this working with experts is very important because they can help in the management of any nutritional implications of these medications says doctor Dalal Akoury.
According to the experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center, medication-assisted treatment for substance abuse has been effective for alcohol and opioid dependence immensely. It’s important for dietitians to be familiar with these common medications, because the side effects may influence patients’ nutritional status. Alongside that, dietitians need to be cautious when recommending supplementation in this population due to addicts’ quick-fix mindset and already-taxed bodies. Taking cognizance that a damaged liver may not be able to correctly process certain supplements, and the supplements may ultimately have a negative impact on liver health. And that not with-standing nonetheless, and according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health it was suggested that a common over-the-counter herbal supplement, N-acetylcysteine, can reduce the cravings of cocaine and heroin addicts and possibly alcoholics during withdrawal.
Finally Naltrexone (ReVia, Vivitrol, Depade), disulfiram (Antabuse), and acamprosate calcium (Campral) are used to treat alcoholism. Naltrexone, which also has been used with opiate and narcotic dependence, may cause anorexia, weight loss, nausea, and vomiting. Disulfiram may cause nausea and vomiting, and if patients ingest alcohol, they will become very ill. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that all traces of alcohol are eliminated from patients’ diets, including any that may be used in recipes. Acamprosate calcium may cause an increase in appetite, increased weight, and taste changes. Dietitians should take note of these side effects and work with patients to identify ways to promote adequate nutritional intake. With all these worthy points about exploring nutritional therapy for substance abuse eradication, if you still have any area of concern that you need to be clarified, you can schedule for an appointment with doctor Dalal Akoury for a one on one professional touch today and you will never be the same again there-after.