Tag Archives: Public Health

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction: The duty of care we owe to one another

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction

If you are struggling with substance abuse, then you will need to seek experts opinion towards protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction. We all need a helping hand in this struggle.

While the authorities who are supposed to be protecting their subject from the effects of cigarette addiction are busy licensing more tobacco manufacturing firms and their distributors in the market, the common and very innocent consumers of the substance continue to suffer and wallow in disease and sickness across the globe. The question I ask therefore is for how long shall we be in this bondage of addiction? Must we out of addiction introduce our children to the drug by sending them to the shops for our supplies? Is it fair for our mothers to intoxicate their unborn children with nicotine while still in the womb? What about the association we have husbands and wife where one is smoking and the other is not should we be intimate, by way of kissing and risk contracting complications out of secondhand smoke? Ideally there are very fundamental questions that we must address boldly collectively and individually if you want to succeed in protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction in the current generation.

How then should we begin? We sought the expert opinion of professionals from the home of addiction solutions at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury (MD) and also the founder of the facility. Doctor Akoury says that when it comes to all addictive substances and particularly the cigarette addiction, the only way to fully protect yourself and your loved ones from the dangerous chemicals in both the actual cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke is through embracing absolute100 percent smoke-free environments. In one of the forums when lecturing some clients, one of them asked, how possible is that? From an addict point of view this could be a challenge, however professionally this is possible you could start by opening the windows for easy circulation of air; sitting in a separate area with smokers and avoiding designated area for smoking; or using ventilation, air conditioning, or a fan these strategies however will only succeed in reducing the concentration of the cigarette smoke but may not necessarily eliminate secondhand smoke exposure completely. It therefore means that if you are a smoker, the single best way to protect your family is by quit smoking.

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction: Latest Research
Addiction is a developmental disorder that begins in adolescence, and sometimes as early as childhood. Recent advances have provided more insight into why teens put themselves at risk for addiction through risk-taking and thrill-seeking behaviors. These behaviors are likely to happen due to the fact that the part of the brain responsible for judgment, decision making, and control of emotional responses the prefrontal cortex is the last area of the brain to mature. But there may be other factors. Dr. Dalal Akoury and her team of experts from the home of addiction solutions (AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center) have established that a chemical in tobacco smoke, acetaldehyde, may play a role in addicting adolescents to smoking. In the study, adolescent laboratory rats increased their intake of nicotine when it was combined with acetaldehyde while the adult rats did not.

All the rats were placed in cages where they could poke their noses through holes and receive nicotine, saline, acetaldehyde, or a mixture of acetaldehyde and nicotine. Over five days, with increasing frequency, the adolescent rats showed a preference for the acetaldehyde-nicotine combination. The adult rats did not show any preference. Therefore from that study it was established that acetaldehyde at the same relative concentration found in cigarette smoke, dramatically increases the reinforcing properties of nicotine. Furthermore, the effect is age-related, with adolescent animals far more sensitive than adults.

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction: Overcoming tobacco addiction
From the professional point of view, it will interest you to note that quitting cigarette smoking has direct and immediate health benefits in many ways. Like for instance, each times smokers choose to quit smoking and in just under 24 hours of quitting, all the complications that are associated with blood pressure go down and chances of heart attack decreases immensely. Besides the immediate benefits, we also have the long-term benefits of quitting which may include lower risk of stroke, lung and other cancers, and coronary heart disease. This can only mean that if you are struggling with this kind of addiction, then the best thing you may consider doing is to seek for immediate professional help by reaching out for doctor Dalal Akoury to schedule for an appointment so that you could have your addiction condition dually addressed professionally.

Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction: Treating withdrawal from nicotine
Nicotine withdrawal symptoms include irritability, craving, cognitive and attention deficits, sleep disturbances, and increased appetite.
• To reduce the symptoms, nicotine replacements gum, patches, sprays, and inhalers are used. Another medication works on other areas of the brain to control craving.
• Newer medications under study act on nicotine receptors directly. Studies have also shown that medications have better and long-term success when combined with behavioral treatment.

Finally dear reader, it is never too late to seek for help if you have been struggling with this problem of addiction. Actually you may have been in greater denial over the past years but this should not be reason for you to shy away from seeking for help. Remember that doctor Dalal Akoury cares a lot for you to the point of creating a medical center whose main objective is to transform each individual’s life through increasing awareness about health and wellness and by empowering individuals to find their own inner healing power. Dr. Akoury’s practice focuses on personalized medicine through healthy lifestyle choices that deal with primary prevention and underlying causes instead of patching up symptoms. Therefore be encouraged that you are not alone and by calling doctor Akoury on telephone number 843 213 1480 to schedule for your appointment with her and all your addiction concerns will be dealt with professionally.
Protecting yourself from effects of tobacco addiction: The duty of care we owe to one another


The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health: Why is nicotine addictive?

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health knows no boundaries, you can become a slave of your own smoking habits

Taking stock of your life are you able to see the accumulation of nicotine in your system? I know that we often take inventory in other sectors of life but not in our own health yet this is one area that we should always prioritize on. If we could be doing that, we will be able to detect certain harmful things in our health before they germinate beyond control. Why is it necessary to take health inventory? Look around you and you will see that there are a lot of toxic elements around, the environment is chocking with pollution and nicotine forms the better part of it. This can explain why the dangers of nicotine addiction to your health are becoming evident every day. We will be speaking to doctor Dalal Akoury MD and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center to give us more insight about this problem even as we look at the general effects of substance abuse to human health. Doctor Akoury says that nicotine is an addictive element that majorly comes from the use of tobacco products, therefore when one uses any of the tobacco products; nicotine is quickly absorbed into their bloodstream and then circulated into the various body systems and organs. It is important to note that this element moves swiftly and in just 10 seconds of entering your body, the nicotine element will be knocking at the door of your brain which is often its ultimate destination. When nicotine settles in the brain, it will cause the brain to release adrenaline, creating a buzz of pleasure and energy.

The buzz fades quickly though, and leaves you feeling tired, a little down, and yarning for the buzz again and again. It is this feeling of wanting more of the nicotine that makes you light up the next cigarette and the circle continues so long as the need is still there. And just to put more emphasis on that is that since your body is able to build up a high tolerance to nicotine, you’ll be forced to smoke more and more cigarettes in order to get the nicotine’s pleasurable effects primarily to prevent the occurrence of any withdrawal symptoms.

The danger of this up and down cycle will be repeated over and over, thereby leading to an addiction. Remember that when addiction settles in, it will keep the individual users or smokers to keep the habit of smoking even when they want to quit and that is why breaking addiction is hard for some people than others. Many people need more than one try in order to quit. Research suggests that children and teens may be especially sensitive to nicotine, making it easier for them to become addicted. Doctor Akoury explains that tobacco use can be very dangerous to everyone and preventing is usage would be highly recommended. She adds that the age of introduction to tobacco use is very significant in determining how one will behave in the near future. Experts have actually established that when one is introduced to smoking at a younger age, such individuals are at a higher risk of becoming addicted to nicotine. It is no wonder the available statistics from various researches done indicate that up to three out of four high school smokers will become adult smokers.

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health: Why are cigarettes addictive?

I was once asked this question in a forum where students were being educated on the effects of drug abuse. I will repeat what I told the young people then to help you understand why cigarette is addictive. The truth is cigarette is made to be much more addictive for commercial gain at the expense of your health. Without thinking twice I can confirm to you that cigarette producers, manufactures or makers are not ignorant of the fact that nicotine addiction helps sell their products. The addictiveness of this element is used as a retention tool, to keep clients hooked and keep using their product. It is no wonder cigarettes today deliver more nicotine much faster than ever before. So when asked about this question, you must be informed that tobacco companies are very much aware of what they are doing and that they are using additives and chemicals to make cigarette even more addictive so that you remain a loyal and frequent client not because you like but because you have been made to.

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health: Why are smokeless tobacco products addictive?

Remember what I said before that tobacco products are the major sources of nicotine. Therefore where the mode of usage doesn’t matter, whether it is smoked or chewed the end result is that nicotine is being taken in. it therefore means that all the nicotine found in all tobacco products are highly addictive drugs that acts in the brain and throughout the body. Dip and chew contain more nicotine than cigarettes. Holding an average-sized dip in your mouth for 30 minutes can give you as much nicotine as smoking three sticks of cigarettes. And again using two cans of snuff a week gives you as much nicotine as someone who smokes one and a half packs of cigarettes a day.

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health: What happens when I quit smoking?

Like other substances, tobacco and nicotine are equally very addictive just in the same way as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin. The common denominator about all drugs is that, when you stop smoking or cutback your tobacco use, you will experience withdrawal problems and when going through this process of withdrawal, you are likely to experience some of the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Hunger
  • Cravings for cigarettes and other sources of nicotine

Finally nicotine withdrawal is short-lived and symptoms pass in time, usually less than a week. However withdrawal is the most uncomfortable part of quitting, but the real challenge will be beating the long-term cravings and staying away from tobacco hence forth. In your struggle with this problem of drug addiction, it is important that you get professional help to go about the whole process. This way you will be guided step by step and chances of making mistakes will be avoided. That is why doctor Akoury founded this medical center to help people live you regain their lives back. You can therefore schedule for an appointment with doctor Akoury for more professional input.

The dangers of nicotine addiction to your health: Why is nicotine addictive?



Sex Addiction Stress, and Stress

Stress, Sex And Addiction: Roles Of Corticotrophin Releasing Factor, Oxytocin And Arginine- Vasopressin In Sex Addiction Stress.

Sex Addiction

Sex Addiction Stress

Stress sensitivity and sex are predictive factors for the development of neuropsychiatric conditions. it has been thought stresses are the sole cause for addiction but this isn’t true since triggers can also cause relapse to drug use. Sex Addiction Stress and stress involve similar pathways.

The development and clinical course of addiction-related disorders do appear to involve neuroadaptations within neurocircuitries that modulate stress responses and are influenced by several neuropeptides. These include corticotropin-releasing factor, the prototypic member of this class, as well as oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin that play important roles in affiliative behaviors. Interestingly, these peptides function to balance emotional behavior, with sexual dimorphism in the oxytocin/arginine-vasopressin systems, a fact that might play an important role in the differential responses of women and men to stressful stimuli and the specific sex-based prevalence of certain addictive disorders.

Stress and Sex Addiction Stress

Stress generally is defined as any stimulus that challenges physiological homeostasis—that is, which alters the balance or equilibrium of the normal physiological state of the organism.

Individuals exposed to chronic stress exhibit a higher propensity to become addicts. Stress-induced relapse is also higher in addicts. In general, there is a higher prevalence of addiction in patients diagnosed with anxiety disorders and depression. Additionally, childhood trauma is associated with increased vulnerability to addiction. Exposure to high peer deviance in childhood and adolescence is among the strongest known risk factors for drug use and drug abuse. Interestingly, a very recent study has found that individuals with increased risks of drug addiction because of parental divorce or genetic liability are more sensitive to the pathogenic effects of peer deviance.

Stress and addiction are interconnected in several ways. For example, stressful life events may predispose individuals to engage in addictive behavior or relapse.

Sex Addiction Stress

Epidemiological studies have observed significant sex- specific differences among patients suffering from addiction and other neuropsychiatric disorders. The onset, severity, clinical course, and treatment response of anxiety disorders also differ significantly in women compared to men. Importantly, the sex bias in neuropsychiatric disorders, including post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), remains even after adjusting for the type of trauma, pre-existing psychiatric disorders, and sex differences in reporting. Several studies have found increased prevalence of depression in women. Similar sex differences exist for addictive disorders. For example, more adult males abuse addictive drugs than females across most drug classes, including alcohol, psychostimulants, and narcotics. However, women develop addiction more quickly. There are also critical differences in the way that illicit substances affect the two sexes.

Men and women also show different propensities to relapse, and are differentially affected by triggers for relapse to drug taking, putting women at greater risk for repeated relapses despite the higher prevalence of drug abuse in men. Interestingly, once the addiction cycle resumes, women show longer periods of drug use before their next quit attempt.

The sex differences may also be a result of hormonal and neural differences between men and women in relationship to their response to the addictive behavior.

Corticotropin-releasing factor and  Sex addiction Stress.

CRF is a 41-amino acid-containing neuropeptide. CRF orchestrates the stress response by acting at the level of the pituitary to initiate the HPA axis response to stress, as well as centrally to modulate limbic and brain monoamine systems that are important in autonomic and behavioral components of the stress response. CRF causes its effects by stimulation of corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptor (CRF1R) and CRF2R, and displays an 18-fold greater affinity for CRF1R than CRF2R.

Physiological responses to stress involve the release of CRF from the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus, followed by stimulation of ACTH release from the anterior pituitary. ACTH, in turn, stimulates the secretion of cortisol/corticosterone from the adrenal glands. In addition, CRF has an extensive extrahypothalamic influence across the corticostriatal-limbic regions, and plays a critical role in modulating subjective and behavioral stress responses. Central catecholamines, particularly noradrenaline and dopamine, are involved in modulating brain motivational pathways that are important in regulating distress, exerting cognitive and behavioral control, and tempering behavioral and cognitive responses critical for adaptation and homeostasis. The hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic CRF pathways and central catecholamines target brain motivational path- ways to critically affect adaptive and homeostatic processes. CRF dysregulation has been linked to the pathophysiology of mood and anxiety disorders. During stress, release of limbic CRF can modulate monoamine systems that have been implicated in mood and cognition. Although activation of both the HPA axis and central monoaminergic systems by CRF during acute stress is adaptive, the inappropriate or persistent activation of these systems can have adverse consequences leading to psychopathology.

Oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin in Sex addiction Stress

Sex addiction and stress

Sex addiction Stress and stress

Cells originating in the PVN have specific pathways that efficiently deliver OXY to other structures in the brain including the amygdala, BNST, septum, hippocampus, and NAc. OXY released by peripheral organs or by the posterior pituitary does not readily cross the blood–brain barrier, with only 1–2% crossing. In disparity, the local expression of OXY receptors is highly variable and explains differences in social attachment within and between species. OXY exerts anxiolytic and anti- depressive effects in various models.

OXY, in collaboration with hormone dopamine, is vital for pairing and bonding in prairie voles. When OXY is infused into the VTA, it increases dopaminergic activity in the NAc, and stimulation of oxytocinergic projections within the VTA increases extracellular DA within the NAc while concurrently inducing penile erection. OXY-induced dopaminergic release within the meso- limbic DA system may impact the attribution of incentive salience to a variety of social stimuli and ultimately influence an organism’s drive towards such objects thus causing addiction.

Sex Addiction Stress is a menace that should be fought by all means that is why we at Integrative Addiction Institute are committed to availing help to addicts and offering training to Health care providers in Integrative Addiction. Call on Dr. Dalal Akoury (MD) today for assistance.

Stress And Sex Addiction Stress: Roles Of Corticotrophin Releasing Factor, Oxytocin And Arginine- Vasopressin In Sex Addiction.


Gene Therapy, Epigenetic Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy Is an Effective Cancer Treatment Alternative

Gene TherapyCancer has continued to threaten the very existence of the human race. Being a disease with numerous causes, it has become so hard to evade it completely. This has led to doctors trying to find the best ways of curbing it or better yet do away with it completely. Researchers have given foundations upon which these alternative cancer treatments can be based. The researchers have even studied and known the cancer cell survival mechanisms and this has led to emergency of very many alternatives that all affect the cancer cell survival in a way. Just like farmers know-the best way to do away with a weed is to uproot it completely as it will not grow again lest another seed is planted. The best way to treat cancer is to find a way of doing away with it from the roots. Unfortunately most of the cancer treatments that our loved ones are subjected to are only focused on killing the cancer cell and reducing the severity of the symptoms. This is why there are cases of repeated chemotherapies that instead of helping in killing the cancerous cells only make the cancerous cells more resistant to the drugs. Our environments expose us to myriads of carcinogens that affect the DNA make up of our body cells. There are very dangerous heavy metals that will make us prone to cancer when we interact with them consistently and this is a problem that has been facing industrial workers over the years. Upon intrusion into the body they are likely to affect our DNA make up resulting in gene mutation which is synonymous to cancer. Genes play an important role in cancer treatment and so therapies that target the gene may go a long way in healing the cancer patients, that is Gene Therap

Changes that take place in a gene are most likely to cause cancer .these changes that take place in a gene that increases cancer risk may happen due to exposure to environmental carcinogens like smoking tobacco and other potential gene mutants that emanate from the surrounding. However a person may inherit faulty genes from the parents making him have a higher risk of getting cancer. A person may inherit faulty genes from the parent but if he adopts a healthy lifestyle and evade all the potential gene mutants then he may not get the disease.

What is gene therapy?

Cancer being caused by gene mutations it is better to have a way of treating the cancer by repairing the faulty genes or better yet replacing them with functional genes so that the routine gene functions are revived. Gene therapy is a way of repairing genetic problems. This can be achieved by adding a functional copy of the defective gene. When a functional copy of a faulty gene is added, the tissues  and organs that might have been affected by the gene mutations will begin to function in the right way. The gene therapy works better because unlike other cancer treatments that only treat the symptoms it goes deeper correcting all the genetic problems.

In cancer treatment most commonly, gene therapy uses a vector, typically a virus, to deliver a gene to the mutated cells where it’s needed to enable proper functions of the cell. Once its inside, the cell’s gene-reading machinery uses the information in the gene to build RNA and protein molecules. The proteins (or RNA) can then carry out their job in the cells. When the normal functioning of the genes is achieved the cancer cell duplication is inhibited and this is a better strategy in cancer treatment.

Scientists are still developing several gene-therapies that will be very helpful in cancer treatment. One of the best therapies so far discovered is the use of a modified version of herpes simplex 1 virus. Herpes simplex 1 virus is known to cause cold sores yet it has been found to have the ability to effectively fight cancer especially the cancer of the skin (melanoma) that has spread in the body.

To make the use of herpes simplex 1 virus safer, the doctors will modify the virus in such a way that it will not cause the cold sores that it is known for. This treatment is referred to T- VEC. This treatment is also safer than other conventional cancer treatments as it does not affect the healthy body cells but is very effective in destroying the cancer cells. It stimulates the immune system enabling it to spot the cancer cells present in the body and fighting them. When the virus is injected into the tumor it produces more of itself by replication inside the tumor until they burst thereby producing even more of them that can infect many more cancer cells.

Gene TherapyIn a trial to show the effectiveness of the gene therapy, 59 patients suffering from the cancer of the blood had their immune systems cells removed and treated with a virus that genetically altered their genetic structure in order to spot the proteins that covers the surfaces of the cancer cells. The immune cells were then returned into the patient’s body. More than half of the patients experienced complete remission giving proof to the strength of the gene therapy in cancer treatment.

Dr. Dalal Akoury (MD) is an experienced integrative cancer doctor that has helped many cancer patients in their fight against the disease. She has worked hard not only in treating the disease but also in availing informational support to cancer patients at Awaremed which has become a place called home for many cancer patients. Call on her now and get help on cancer.

Gene Therapy Is an Effective Cancer Treatment Alternative

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