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Ines M. Alfaro

Understanding renal cancer

Understanding renal cancer: What is kidney cancer?

Understanding renal cancer

Understanding renal cancer is very important for your proper planning of your treatment

Understanding renal cancer is very important. It is also known as kidney cancer is as the name suggest a type of cancer affecting the kidney. This is a disease associated with the abnormal growth of kidney cells. In other words, the renal cells become malignant (cancerous) and multiply rapidly in an uncontrollable manner leading to the formation of a tumor. Speaking to the experts at AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center under the able leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury, it is evident that nearly all kidney cancers first appear in the lining of tiny tubes (tubules) in the kidney.

Scientifically, this type of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma. And unlike with the ovarian cancer, this type of cancer can be detected in good time before they spread (metastasize) to other distant organs in the body. The good news about early diagnosis is that successful treatment becomes very easy and effective. While these type of cancer is detectable easily, it is important to note that, before diagnosis is done, these kinds of tumors can grow very first to be quite large such that by the time the operation is done, it is quite a mountain.

Understanding renal cancer: The kidney’s functions

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They lie in the lower abdomen on each side of the spine. Their function is to clean the blood, removing waste products and making urine. Scientifically, the causes of kidney cancer are not known. However, some factors appear to increase the risk of getting kidney cancer. Like for instance, kidney cancer occurs mostly in aging people, normally age 40 and above. The following are some of the risk factors for kidney cancer:

Smoking – cigarette smoking increases the risk for contracting kidney cancer twice more than that of nonsmokers. Smoking cigars may also increase your risk as well.

Being male – Men are about twice as vulnerable as women to get kidney cancer.

Being obese – Extra weight may cause changes to hormones that increase your risk.

Administering certain pain medications for a long time – This includes over-the-counter drugs in addition to prescription drugs.

Having advanced renal disease or being on long-term dialysis, a treatment for people with kidneys that have stopped working

Having certain genetic conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease or inherited papillary renal cell carcinoma

Having a family history of renal cancer – The risk is especially high in siblings.

Being exposed to certain chemicals, such as asbestos, cadmium, benzene, organic solvents, or certain herbicides

Having high blood pressure – Doctors don’t know whether high blood pressure or medication used to treat it is the source of the increased risk.

Being black – The risk in blacks is slightly higher than in whites. No one knows why.

Having lymphoma – For an unknown reason, there is an increased risk of renal cancer in patients with lymphoma.

Finally, doctor Akoury explains that having these risk factors does not necessarily mean that you will get renal cancer. It’s also true that you can fail to have all these but still suffer from renal cancer. As AWAREmed health center, our doors are always open for you and just by a phone call, we will get to your needs professionally.

Understanding renal cancer: What is kidney cancer?



Renal cancer diagnosis

Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests

Renal cancer diagnosis

Renal cancer diagnosis. With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side

With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side, unexplained weight loss, or extreme fatigue. Or during your routine medical checks your doctor may have found a lump in your side or seen a sign of kidney cancer during a test for another disease. Those are good indicators, but regardless of all, doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center reiterates that, to ascertain the true renal cancer diagnosis, going through a thorough physical exam, health history, and tests will be essential.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Possible kidney cancer disease tests

During your routine checks, your doctor will feel your abdomen and side for lumps and check for fever and high blood pressure, among other things. He/she will also ask questions about your health habits, any past illnesses, and types of treatment if any. But for the assurance, your doctor will make a diagnosis of kidney cancer depending on one or more tests like these:

A CT scan that uses X-rays and a computer to create a series of detailed pictures of your kidneys which may require the use of an injection of dye. CT scans have virtually replaced pyelogram and ultrasound as a tool for diagnosing kidney cancer.

Blood tests to show how well your kidneys are working.

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) involves X-raying your kidneys after the doctor injects a dye that travels to your urinary tract, highlighting any tumors.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of soft tissues in your body. You may need an injection of a contrast agent to create better pictures.

Renal arteriogram. This test is used to evaluate the blood supply to the tumor. It is not given often, but may help diagnose small tumors.

Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of your kidneys. It can help tell if a tumor is solid or fluid-filled.

Urine tests check for blood in your urine or other signs of problems.

Unlike with many other cancers, your doctor may be pretty certain about a diagnosis of kidney cancer without a biopsy. Sometimes, a biopsy will be done to confirm the diagnosis. A doctor may use a needle biopsy to remove a sample of tissue, which is then examined under a microscope for cancer cells. The biopsy may also tell the grade of the cancer how aggressive the cancer is likely to be. Often the surgeon will simply remove the entire tumor and then have a sample of tissue examined.

Finally, once your doctor makes a diagnosis of kidney cancer, you may need other tests to tell if the cancer has spread within your kidney, to the other kidney, or to other parts of your body. When cancer spreads from the place where it first started, it has metastasized. You might need a CT scan or MRI. A chest X-ray can show whether the cancer has spread to your lungs. A bone scan can see if it is in your bones. All these tests are done to help determine the stage of kidney cancer.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests



Renal cancer symptoms

Renal cancer symptoms: Safety doesn’t depend on luck of signs

Renal cancer symptoms

Renal cancer symptoms. Many people have suffered great losses in their health in the omission of symptoms.

Many people have suffered great losses in their health in the omission of symptoms. It is not always true that when there is no visible signs, there disease isn’t present. Renal cancer symptoms in many cases may be invisible but that does not eliminate the fact that you are not at risk. When we say that safety does not depend on luck of signs, it is true because in most cases, many people or patients may not show any early symptoms of kidney cancer. But as the tumor grows larger, symptoms may begin to appear. Therefore, it is important that, you don’t wait until it is too late. You must be proactive to be healthy. According to the experts at AWAREmed health and wellness resource center under the leadership of doctor Dalal Akoury, an individual may have one or more of these kidney cancer symptoms or even fail to have but still be at high risk:

  • Weight loss that occurs for no known reason
  • Swelling in your ankles or legs
  • Fever that lasts for weeks and isn’t caused by a cold or other infection
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blood in your urine
  • Anemia
  • A pain in your side that doesn’t go away
  • A lump in your side or abdomen
  • A loss of appetite

Kidney cancer that spreads to other parts of your body may cause other symptoms, such as:

Renal cancer symptoms: Stages of kidney cancer

Professionally, it is true that your prognosis depends on your general health, as well as the grade and stage of your kidney cancer. These are the stages of kidney cancer. The higher the stage, the more advanced the cancer.

Stage I

  • A tumor 7 centimeters or smaller that is only in the kidney

Stage II

  • A tumor larger than 7 centimeters that is only in the kidney

Stage III

  • A tumor that is in the kidney and in at least one nearby lymph node
  • A tumor that is in the kidney’s main blood vessel and may also be in nearby lymph node
  • A tumor that is in the fatty tissue around the kidney and may also involve nearby lymph nodes
  • A tumor that extends into major veins or perinephric tissues, but not into the ipsilateral adrenal gland and not beyond Gerota’s fascia

Stage IV

  • Cancer has spread beyond the fatty layer of tissue around the kidney, and it may also be in nearby lymph nodes
  • Cancer may have spread to other organs, such as the bowel, pancreas, or lungs
  • Cancer has spread beyond Gerota’s fascia (including contiguous extension into the ipsilateral adrenal gland)

Renal cancer symptoms: Prevention of kidney cancer

Like stated above, kidney cases are not known. However, those factors that are associated to this disease like smoking cigarette, being obese as well as blood pressure and harmful chemicals must be avoided as some of the preventive measures. Your health is the most valuable asset you have and anything causing harm to it must be avoided. You can speak to us today to help you in all your struggles with kidney cancer at AWAREmed health center today.

Renal cancer symptoms: Safety doesn’t depend on luck of signs