Tag Archives: Ultrasound

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Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Diagnosing NSCLC

Diagnosing NSCLC is very essential for proper and lasting treatment solution

Most lung cancer patients are struggling with NSCLC. Although it’s serious problem the world over, treatment can reduce its effects from worsening. There are several things patients can do to feel more comfortable. People who smoke or who breathe a lot of smoke are most likely to get NSCLC. And to diagnose this, the doctor will ask the patient questions like:

  • When did you first notice problems?
  • How have you been feeling?
  • Has anyone in your family had lung cancer before?
  • Does anything make your symptoms better or worse?
  • Are you smoking or you were but quitted?
  • Are you coughing or wheezing?

Besides the questioning, the doctor may want to run some tests and a physical exam. Such tests may include:

Diagnosing NSCLC

: Imaging tests

Imaging tests is essential in finding the tumors inside lungs. They can also show whether the cancer has spread.

  • X-rays use low doses of radiation to make images of structures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging, shows blood flow, organs, and structures.
  • Ultrasound creates a picture by bouncing sound waves off tissues inside you.
  • PET scans use a radioactive compound or tracer that collects where your cells are very active.
  • CT scans are powerful X-rays that make detailed pictures of the tissue and the blood vessels in the lung.

Sputum cytology is a lab test that checks the mucus you cough up for cancer cells.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Fine-needle aspiration

A fine needle aspiration biopsy takes cells from an abnormal growth or the fluid in your lungs. Where the doctor wants to examine inside your lungs and chest this is helpful using a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny camera. He may also take samples of tissue, including from nearby lymph nodes, to check for cancer cells. This can be done in different ways like:

  • Bronchoscopy goes through your nose or mouth and into your lungs.
  • Endobronchial ultrasound uses bronchoscopy with an ultrasound placed at the tip of the tube to look at lymph nodes and other structures.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound is like the endobronchial ultrasound, but your doctor puts the endoscope down your throat into the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopy uses a few small cuts along your side to look at the outside of your lung and the tissue around it.
  • Mediastinoscopy makes a small cut just above your breastbone, in the space between your lungs.

Based on what your doctor finds, he’ll assign a stage, describing where the cancer is. That will help your medical team figure out the best treatment for you. You’ll want to know what each stage means:

  • Occult stage: “Occult” means “hidden.” Cancer cells are in lung fluid or sputum, but the doctor can’t find where the cancer is in your lungs.
  • Stage 0: Cancer cells are in the lining of your airways.
  • Stage I: A small tumor is in only one lung. The cancer hasn’t spread to lymph nodes.
  • Stage II: A larger tumor is in one lung, or the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Cancer in one lung has spread to farther lymph nodes or into nearby structures.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid around the lungs, or to other parts of the body, such as the brain and liver.

Diagnosing NSCLC: Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

 

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Invasive lobular carcinomas

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Treatment solution

Invasive lobular carcinomas

Invasive lobular carcinomas can be treated in several ways including using Mammogram

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas early is essential in solving the problem of this disease. This can be done by conducting various tests and procedures applicable in the diagnosis of invasive lobular carcinoma. Such tests and procedures may include:

  • Mammogram. A mammogram creates an X-ray image of your breast. Invasive lobular carcinoma is less likely to be detected on a mammogram than other types of breast cancer are. Still, a mammogram is a useful diagnostic test.
  • Ultrasound. Ultrasound uses sound waves to create pictures of your breast. It is however important to note that, it may be difficult to detect any presence of invasive lobular carcinoma using ultrasound in relation to the very many other types of breast cancer.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This (MRI) uses a strong magnetic field to create a picture of the patient’s breast. A breast MRI may help in evaluating an area of concern when mammogram and ultrasound are inconclusive. Besides that, it is also essential in helping determine the extent of the cancer within the breast.
  • Removing a sample of tissue for testing. Where an abnormality is detected on the breast, an oncologist may depending on the emerging abnormality, recommend a biopsy procedure to remove a sample of suspicious breast tissue for laboratory testing. A breast biopsy can be done using a needle to draw out fluid or tissue from the breast, or breast tissue can be removed surgically. The result from the laboratory will then be analysed for the determination of the next best cause of treatment.

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Determining the extent of invasive lobular carcinoma

Up on the determination that an individual is struggling with an invasive lobular carcinoma, your physician will move with speed in determine if an  additional tests are required primarily to establish the extent of the cancer, or stage of the cancer. That is to say, how far has the cancer cells spread to other parts of the body? The good news is that, in most women this may not be necessary. In other words, doing any further test other than the breast imaging, physical exam and blood tests will not be necessary. Nonetheless, depending on the patient’s situation, the doctor may recommend imaging tests to stage your breast cancer, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), among others.

Finally, with this information from the tests done, the doctor will be able to establish the exact stage your cancer has reached which normally ranges from 0-IV. And to conclude on that, breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV, with 0 indicating cancer that is very small and noninvasive. Stage IV breast cancer, also called metastatic breast cancer, and indicates that the cancer has spread to other areas of the body. When the cancer is at IV it sends a warning bell that the condition is not good and effective treatment may be challenging.

Diagnosing invasive lobular carcinomas: Treatment solution

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Renal cancer diagnosis

Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests

Renal cancer diagnosis

Renal cancer diagnosis. With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side

With all the indicators the presence of kidney cancer symptoms like physical pain on your side, unexplained weight loss, or extreme fatigue. Or during your routine medical checks your doctor may have found a lump in your side or seen a sign of kidney cancer during a test for another disease. Those are good indicators, but regardless of all, doctor Dalal Akoury MD, President and founder of AWAREmed Health and Wellness Resource Center reiterates that, to ascertain the true renal cancer diagnosis, going through a thorough physical exam, health history, and tests will be essential.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Possible kidney cancer disease tests

During your routine checks, your doctor will feel your abdomen and side for lumps and check for fever and high blood pressure, among other things. He/she will also ask questions about your health habits, any past illnesses, and types of treatment if any. But for the assurance, your doctor will make a diagnosis of kidney cancer depending on one or more tests like these:

A CT scan that uses X-rays and a computer to create a series of detailed pictures of your kidneys which may require the use of an injection of dye. CT scans have virtually replaced pyelogram and ultrasound as a tool for diagnosing kidney cancer.

Blood tests to show how well your kidneys are working.

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) involves X-raying your kidneys after the doctor injects a dye that travels to your urinary tract, highlighting any tumors.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of soft tissues in your body. You may need an injection of a contrast agent to create better pictures.

Renal arteriogram. This test is used to evaluate the blood supply to the tumor. It is not given often, but may help diagnose small tumors.

Ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of your kidneys. It can help tell if a tumor is solid or fluid-filled.

Urine tests check for blood in your urine or other signs of problems.

Unlike with many other cancers, your doctor may be pretty certain about a diagnosis of kidney cancer without a biopsy. Sometimes, a biopsy will be done to confirm the diagnosis. A doctor may use a needle biopsy to remove a sample of tissue, which is then examined under a microscope for cancer cells. The biopsy may also tell the grade of the cancer how aggressive the cancer is likely to be. Often the surgeon will simply remove the entire tumor and then have a sample of tissue examined.

Finally, once your doctor makes a diagnosis of kidney cancer, you may need other tests to tell if the cancer has spread within your kidney, to the other kidney, or to other parts of your body. When cancer spreads from the place where it first started, it has metastasized. You might need a CT scan or MRI. A chest X-ray can show whether the cancer has spread to your lungs. A bone scan can see if it is in your bones. All these tests are done to help determine the stage of kidney cancer.

Renal cancer diagnosis: Physical exam and tests

 

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